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Classroom Management Theorist: Rudolf Dreikurs
Transcript of Classroom Management Theorist: Rudolf Dreikurs
1897-1972 Austrian born, American psychiatrist and educator who adapted Alfred Adler's system of individual psychology into a pragmatic method for understanding the purposes of behavior in children and for stimulating cooperative behavior without punishment or reward How to deal with the
four behavioral goals Who is Rudolf Dreikurs? Based on Alder's Social theory Dreikurs Four Misbehavior Goals
•Avoidance of Failure Dreikurs believed that children have an inherent desire to belong and feel part of their peer group but due to feelings of inferiority and maladaptive parenting, they have acquired ineffective ways of finding their place. Dreikurs came up with four behavioral goals centering around his theory. Attention! Some students strive to be the center of attention. They do almost anything to be noticed from being argumentative to being funny. There is a lack of concern about following accepted procedure to gain recognition. Teachers and classmates find behavior by this student annoying and at times rude and unacceptable. Signs of Attention Seekers •Disrespectful
•Disrupting the class
•Being out of his/her seat
•Making fun of others Power Wanting to be in charge or in control provides the motivation for some student misbehavior. Students with this agenda simply want their way. They don't hesitate to take a stand on matters important to them and are often disruptive and confrontational in reaching their goal. The teacher may feel provoked, threatened or challenged by this student. Often power-seeking students don't act out until they're assured of an audience. And from the teacher's perspective, this is probably the worst possible time Signs of Power Seekers •Disrespectful
•Disturbing the class Revenge Lashing out or getting even is how some students compensate for real or imagined hurt feelings. The target of the revenge may be the teacher, other students, or both. Revenge may come in the form of a physical and/or psychological attack. This tactic will be used mainly by “bullies”. Signs of Revenge Seekers •Shoving/Pushing others
•Causing embarrassment to others
•Excluding others from activates or conversations. Avoidance of Failure Wanting to avoid repeated failure, some students appear to be discouraged and helpless. They falsely believe that they can't live up to expectations, either their own or those of others. To compensate for this belief, they don't attempt anything that might result in failure. They hope that others will forget about them and not hold them responsible for anything. Signs of Avoidance of Failure seekers Not paying Attention
Not being prepared
Wasting time Whichever of the goals he/she chooses to employ, the child believes that this is the only way he/she can function within the group dynamic successfully. Dreikurs states that "his goal may occasionally vary with the circumstances: he/she may act to attract attention at one moment, and assert his power or seek revenge at another" Regardless if the child is well-adjusted or is misbehaving, there main purpose will be social acceptance. Conclusion of Goals Attention Getting Minimize the attention- ignore the students behavior
Legitimize the behavior-create a lesson plan on behavior, and have entire class join in on the behaviors.
Do the unexpected-turn out lights, play an instrument, talk to the wall.
Distract the student- Ask questions or for a favor, change the activity. Power Seeking acknowledge Students power
Remove the students target audience
Apply classroom consequences Revenge Seeking Have positive and open relationship with student-Listing to student, and not jumping to conclusions
Affirm the child in midst of there misbehavior- tell student you do not like there behavior, but you still respect them in the appropriate manner.
Avoid punishment that may cause retaliation Displaying Inadequacy Modify instructional methods
Teach one step at a time
Teach positive self-talk, or speech
Build students confidence
Recognize achievement QUESTIONS ???????????