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IA 701: Planet of Slums Presentation
Transcript of IA 701: Planet of Slums Presentation
Alex Loughran Lamothe
Monica Stewart IA 701
27 February 2013 Cité Soleil
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI MUMBAI, INDIA LIMA, PERU Replacing slums as a philosophy Baron Haussmann and the Cité Napoléon Mayor Ernesto Uruchurto of México City "controlled growth" slum destruction Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PSPS) & "Soft Imperialism" James Wolfensohn, World Bank "world fixer" International lender donor major NGO local NGO Replaces state as intermediary - especially political Left PRSP are proof that aid will reach target Iron Triangle and the NGO "class" Bureaucratizing and deradicalizing social movements People's Capitalism Hernando de Soto Polar, Institute for Liberty and Democracy Tithing - property, equity, and wealth for the poor Increased inequality - "slum within a slum" Kibera Kibera
NAIROBI,KENYA Liberalization in the 19th century
The forcible incorporation of the great subsistence peasantries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America into the world market The Causes? In the name of social justice! Progress! Beautification!
The rich exploiting or ignoring the needs of the poor
Post colonialism-colonial stratification conserved-wealthy people have all the power, the land, and political clout
Ex) Bombay-the money is there, it’s just going into rich people’s parks The Greed of the Rich People need to be near jobs
State-imposed barriers to relocation-don’t provide housing or attempts fail
People need to be near jobs
So people build their own houses Treason of the State Rise of the informal sector-people don’t have formal jobs…so they make up some
Naples street scene
Elite of the streets-newspaper vendors (one trade year round)
“Gypsy merchants”-nomads of the marketplace
Currently primary mode of livelihood for well over half of population in major urban centers
1 billion strong, fastest-growing, most unprecedented social class on earth The Informal Sector Possible deus ex machina? Potential micro-entrepreneurs?
Are you being optimistic?
It is a “soulless wasteland!” And we’re stuck… Few are self-employed-subject to power relations among the more privileged poor
No formal contracts and bargaining power, no labor rights to protect those with little power
->exacerbation of ethnoreligious differentiation and sectarian violence Full of exploitation of women and children
Cut-throat competition (sometimes literally) (damaging to networks and solidarities essential esp. for women and children, Not sustainable—subdivides existing work and, therefore, subdivides incomes
Micro-enterprise -> little macro reduction of poverty 1.Metro Core
(b) public housing
(c) hostels, flophouses,etc.
(b) pavement dwellers
(a) private rental
(b) public housing
(a) pirate subdivisions
3. Refugee Camps Slum Typology