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Global Control of Domestic Guns? (Current Version)
Transcript of Global Control of Domestic Guns? (Current Version)
The United States and the
U.N. Arms Trade Treaty
21 April 2010
Jessica Dickinson Goodman
Science, Technology and International Politics History Argument Question
Guns part of the American origin story
Civilian gun ownership protected by the Constitution
Until 2009, SCOTUS would not touch gun ownership Culture 9 guns for every 10 people in America
238-276 milion in U.S.: 30% of global supply
"Banning guns addresses a fundamental right of all Americans to feel safe."
--U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein Pro-Gun
Groups Nation Rifle Association (NRA) 6th most receipts of all federally registered PACs
4.3 million members; up 25-30% since 2008
Total revenue: $307 million in 2009 Start-Ups Online communities
--Oath Keepers, OpenCarry.org
--Calguns Inc, Firearms Coalition Conclusions The United States's stance on the ATT is influenced by its history, culture and lobbying groups
The U.S's support for the ATT hinges on how it deals with civilian-owned guns
The Ottawa Treaty is case study of U.S. support for international arms control
Even if the United States does not sign the ATT, it might further its goals independantly Explicitly lobbying against the ATT Explicitly lobbying against the ATT Timeline comparing Arms Trade Treaty and Ottawa Treaty Timeline of Ottawa Treaty March 1, 1999 , comes into effect with 156 signatories; Russia, China, U.S.A non-signatories Land Mine Ban is becoming customary international law; U.S. main funder of demining efforts. U.S. demands Korea and training exceptions 17 January 1997: U.S. stops exporting anti-personnel mines 26 September 1994: President Clinton advocates elimination of anti-personnel landmines 1992: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) founded
Human Rights Watch Arms Trade Treaty
(ATT) Treaty currently under development at the U.N.
Seeking to limit the illicit arms trade (1 billion a year)
Broad global support; U.S. is skeptical 2003: Control Arms founded
International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) 14 October 2009: Secretary Clinton advocates effective control of illicit arms Current: pro-gun groups and Control Arms fighting over U.S. support U.S. demands exceptions for legitimate civilian uses? U.S. refuses to sign because of controls on civilian arms; treaty goes into effect with broad global support? Norms from Arms Trade Treaty become customary international law? U.S. cuts down small arsm exports to civilian groups? Core Question
Analysis of domestic influences
Timeline of Ottawa Treaty's development
Comparative case-study with Ottawa Treaty
Conclusion Outline Ottawa Treaty 1999 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction
Passed with signifigant NGO loggying; 156 signatories
Considered a sucess; Russia, China, U.S. did not sign Predictions