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The Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca

A guide to how to celebrate the Hajj
by

Jacob Catangui

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of The Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca

By: Jacob Catangui The Hajj : A Pilgrimage to Mecca Day 1 Any and all worshiping acts are preceded by an appropriate announcement of Niyyah(intention) for Hajj and ask Allah to make the journey easy and to accept their Hajj. People going on the Hajj enter a state of Ihram(not cutting hair, not shaving any body hair, clipping nails, putting on perfumes or cologne, killing or hunting animals, sexual intercourse, marriage proposals, or marriages). The Ihram also means for the people going on the Hajj that they change into a distinctive garb consisting of two pieces of un-sewn and plain cloth, one wrapped around waist and the other to be wrapped shoulders to cover upper body for men, the women wear their ordinary unpretentious clothes of everyday without changing they cannot enter Mecca. Upon entering Mecca pilgrims must go to the Ka'bah and do the devotional act of circumambulating( walking around) while reciting prayers, one must walk around the Ka'bah seven times to make one Tawarf. After the making of Tawarf, pilgrims are off to perform Sa'ee which is walking back and forth seven times between the Safa and Marwah knolls which reacts what Hajar the wife of Ibrahim when she was desperately looking for water for her infant son Ishmail when they were left in the desert. Each pilgrim must then recite the Talbiya which is "Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik La Sharika Laka Labbaik. Innal-Hamda, Wan-Ni'mata Laka wal-Mulk. La Sharika Lak." to show the pilgrim's conviction showing that they are doing the Hajj for the glory of Allah. Afterward pilgrims make the journey to Mina anytime after dawn, when arriving in Mina the pilgrims must perform their daily prayers there and must stay overnight there, thus completing first of Hajj. Day 2 The next day pilgrims must leave Mina and journey to Arafah, pilgrims do not need to crowd on the Mountain of Mercy but have to be within the borders of Arafah. The prayer for when you enter Arafah is "O Allah! Forgive my sins, help me repent to you, and grant me all that I beseech of You. Whenever I turn, let me see goodness. Allah be praised! All Praise is due to Allah! There is no deity except Allah! And Allah is The Most Great.". When in Arafah and the tents made and settled into, pilgrims do the noon and afternoon prayers in shortened and combined modes which are 2 rak'ats each prayer instead of 4 rak'ats, both prayers are offered at the same time with on adhan and two seperate Iqamahs, one each for Noon and Afternoon. Afterwards pilgrims stay in Arafah until sunset, during this time pilgrims are recommended to read the Quran, reciting the Talbiyah and repenting to Allah. As pilgrims departs from Arafah they go to Muzdalifah quietly while reciting the Talbiyah and other prayers. Upon reaching Muzdalifah, pilgrims spend the night there. Before pilgrims sleep in Muzdalifah they offer a sunset and night prayers combining them and shortening the Isha, after pilgrims sleep under the sky in Muzadalifah, no tents or any sort of lodging are available. Day 3 On the third day of the Hajj pilgrims must return to Mina, since there are large crowds, pilgrims must respect others and act calmly. When they are back in Mina, pilgrims symbolically stone the devil by stoning the Jamrat al-Kubra only, before midday (stones must at least hit the inside of Jamrat's fence). With each stone thrown, the pilgrims must recite the Bismillah, Allah-u-Akbar. After the stoning of the devil, they must sacrifice an animal, either a sheep, 1/7th of a cow, or a camel. The sacrifice should be healthy and not have any defects, and can be slaughtered by the pilgrim or have a person appointed to slaughter on behalf of another. the sacrifice meat shall be divided into 3 portions, 1 for yourself, 1 offered as gift, and 1 given to the poor. After the sacrifice has been slaughtered pilgrims shave their heads, men are recommended to start from the right side while women only have to trim a finger tip's length. At this point pilgrims may also change into everyday clothing. After they travel back to Mecca to al-Masjid for Tawarf al-Ifadah(if pilgrims have already done Sa'ee with first Tawarf, they do not have to make Sa'ee again). During the original construction of the Ka'bah a step stone has an imprint of Prophet Ibrahim feet, this imprint is housed in a glass enclosure on north side of Ka'bah. When done the Tawarf, it is good to pray 2 rak'ahs behind Maqam Ibrahim. After completion of prayer at Maqam Ibrahim, pilgrims go to Zamzam area to drink the water. The pilgrimage then leads to Mina for throwing of pebbles, thus ending the third day. Day 4 On the fourth day of the pilgrimage, pilgrims must travel to Mina where the say all the daily prayers except for shortening the rak'ats from 4 to 2 without combining them. Pilgrims then stone the first Jamrah, then the middle and finally the big one in same order. Each stoning is with 7 pebbles while reciting the Allahu Akbar and making Dua. During this whole time, pilgrims are required to stay in Mina from dawn to midnight Day 5 On the fifth and final day of the Hajj people repeat the procedure they did on the fourth day, stoning the first Jamrah then the middle and finally the big one in the same order. After the stoning they all return to Mecca before sunset to perform Tawarf al-Wada( farewell circumambulation). The Tawarf al-Wada is done before leaving Mecca for other places. This Tawarf is like other Tawarfs, you go around 7 times around the Ka'bah starting from black stone line. Not required but good to pray 2 Ra'kahs behind Maqam Ibrahim, or 2 Rak'ahs facing the Ka'bah. With completion of this, the pilgrimage is done, it is recommended to leave Mecca right after. Before leaving the pilgrim asks Allah to accept the rituals and promises to abide the divine commands. Prophet Muhammad said "Whoever goes to Hajj without obscenity he or she will be forgiven as a new-born." http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/Hajj/
http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/jlthajj/LifeTimeJourney.shtml
http://www.religioustolerance.org/isla1.htm#
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