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Transcript of Parallel Journeys
Eleanor Ayer Auschwitz Concentration Camp (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Once the Nazis arrest Helen and Siegfred, they get shipped off in a boxcar with thousands of other Jews on board. “Soon, every car was jammed with young children, babies, old men and women, and obviously sick people, about 160 per car. There was no seating and no room to sit on the floor; we had to stand, body to body.” (Page 107 from Parallel Journeys) The Rights of the People Adolf Hitler Inequality? Yes.
Prejudice? Yes. Alfons Heck, a German Citizen, who yearned to be in the Hitler Youth, reaches that goal. He strives to reach different levels of the Hitler Youth.
Although he is not considered a part of the Aryan Race, he gains his honor becoming a high-ranking officer. In the process, he has interest in flying. He trains at Camp Wengerohr, with another man, named "Rabbit". Helen Waterford is a Jewish citizen who goes through the days of the Holocaust and suffers through all of the discrimination, inequality, and hatred the Nazis have towards the Jews. She meets Siegfred later in her life, which turns out to be her husband, and soon later, Siegfreid and Helen have a daughter named Doris. They ship Doris off to a German family where she will be safe and hopefully reconnect as a family again. Helen and Siegfred move in with a family but soon get arrested by the Nazis, with those family members mysteriously not there. Holocaust Background Auschwitz Important! Hitler stripped many rights away from Jews. Some of the current rights from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights he took away were the fact that nobody has the right to hurt or torture us. In addition, Hitler prevented Jews from having high-class jobs, houses, acceptable wages, and their own FUN. They were not allowed to own typewriters, or anything else that provided enjoyment. The years pass, and Alfons gradually climbs up the ladder of a working military officer and ends up becoming a Bannfuhrer by the age of 16 , which would be a rank equal to a major general in the United States army. Alfons' family included a twin brother,
Rudolph Heck, a mother and father, and a grandmother who gradually started to grow farther away from his reach. Everyone was dissapointed with his decision and didn't get why he was joining Hitler Youth. Hitler treated the Jews unfairly by taking away different rights that only Germans could have. The Jews didn't do anything, but all the Germans blamed them for THEIR problems. Hitler provided Germans or the Aryan Race with food supplies,but unfairly gave Jews almost non-existant supplies. This ties into being prejudice also. Hitler, NAZI's, and most germans thought Jews,mentally retarded, homosexuals, and many other types of people were "messed up". Certain Germans thought that Jews were the reason they lost WW1. Kristallnacht:
A Night to Remember An important piece of Parallel Journeys, is chapter four: "Kristallnacht: The night of Broken Glass." These events took place on November 9 and 10, 1938. NAZIs set fire to 119 synagogues, and 76 of them burned. Shops and houses of towns were destroyed, windows smashed--glass littering the streets. Thousands of Jews died while Kristallnacht took place, and many others were sent to Concentration Camps that night also. A place known by all, and may even still be feared, is Auschwitz. A Concentration Camp, first constructed on January 25, 1940. The first prisoners arrived in the middle of May, 1940. The first gassings of prisoners occured in Auschwitz, the SS tested Zyklon B gas by killing 600 Soviet prisoners of war and 250 other ill or weak prisoners. Zyklon B, being the commercial name for crystalline hydrogen cyanide gas, was normally used as an insecticide. The "success" from the work of this gas, becomes the "best killing-agent found". By January of 1942, 100,000 Jewish men and 50,000 Jewish women were sentanced to spend their lives as they knew it at Auschwitz as forced laborers. In April 1944 - November 1944 Police and SS services deport more than 585,000 Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, coming to an end in 1945, Soviet Troops entered Auschwitz and freed around 7,000 prisoners in the camp. When it was still standing, the SS Camp Authorities succeeded horribly in killing about 1 million Jews, around 74,000 Poles, 21,000 Roma (Gypsies), and 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war. He seemed like a great man. But was he really?
“How many look up to him [Hitler] with touching faith as their helper, their savior, their deliverer from unbearable distress.”
-Louis Solmitz, Hamburg schoolteacher, 1932.
People saw him as the new "cure" to end the despair after WWI, but Adolf Hitler just created WWII in the process of becoming a leader. He grew to be known through his speeches he delivered at rallies, parades, and on the radio. Hitler had fans and had haters, just like any "celebrity" would. Over the years though, more haters joined in on wanting to take Hitler down and out of Power. In the beginning, the biggest group of fans, was Hitler Youth. By the year of 1936,the membership of the Hitler Youth went up to about 5.4 million Hitler fanatics, all children. Among this group was Alfons Heck. Hitler made these young adults feel important, and like they themselves had a chance to change the future. As the war started to end, other countries in Europe were making those who were apart of the Holocaust "pay for what others have done, by going to court and being sentanced. No one really knows why Hitler "killed" himself in April, 1945. Maybe he didn't want to suffer what he made millions go through. Hitler commited suicide, with a gunshot through his head. He died in his bunker with his wife Eva, who also commited suicide by injesting cyanide. "These boys and girls enter our organizations [at] ten years of age, and often for the first time get a little fresh air; after four years of the Young Folk they go on to the Hitler Youth, where we have them for another four years . . . And even if they are still not complete National Socialists, they go to Labor Service and are smoothed out there for another six, seven months . . . And whatever class consciousness or social status might still be left . . . the Wehrmacht [German armed forces] will take care of that.”
--Adolf Hitler (1938) More Information about the Holocaust http://www.ushmm.org/ http://remember.org/ The NAZIs came to power in Germany of January, 1933, and Hitler was known as an amazing orator. Millions loved him for his promising future he gave, ut his words were a fantasy that withered away over the years. In his reign, the tyrant gave orders to state-sponsored persecution, killing approximately 6 million Jews. Concentration Camps, such as Auschwitz, are set up to provide swift methods for killing. Feared by all, Auschwitz alone, killed 4.1 million people. Of the 405,000 registered prisoners, only 65,000 survived. In the final days of the war, the SS Guards( meaning Schutzstaffel, translated to Protective Squad, who acted as “body guards” for the leading NAZIs) moved camp inmates by train or on forced marches called “death marches”. These led to Allied Forces closing in, and the war coming to an end. These marches continued until May 7, 1945, where Germany surrendered to the Allies. As for Western Allies, the war ended in Europe the next day, May 8(V-E day). Between 1948 and 1945,around 700,000 Jews emigrated to Israel, along with 136,000 displaced Jews(DP). Other Jewish DPs went to the US and other nations. The actions that took place in Europe were and still are a huge part of our history. Bibliography http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/testimony/wlc/image/hwh0810f.jpg (1) http://www.obsessionforhate.com/images/alfonsheck.jpg (2) http://www.sonlight.com/images/products/320-65-l.jpg (3) http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/photo/wlc/image/11/11058.jpg (4) http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Photos2005/ArbeitGate.jpg (5) The National Holocaust Museum is an actual place, used for remembering and refrencing of the past. The website gives several examples, wordings from people who were there, and material actually from some of the places in Europe that went through these historic events. http://www.gilad.co.uk/storage/the-front-gate-of-auschwitz-birkenau-concentration-camp-the-slogan-arbeit-macht-frei-translates-as-e2809cwork-will-set-you-freee2809d.jpg?__SQUARESPACE_ (6) http://www.feldgrau.com/pk-64347.jpg (7) A cyrbrary of the Holocaust is another great website to check out. It provides images, education about the Holocaust, witnesses from the Holocaust, Concentration Camps such as Auschwitz, being able to find people from the Holocaust, books from survivors, and much more. It is there to help REMEMBER these events and to not let them fade into history. A short excerpt from Holocaust documentary created for the Charleston Jewish Federation by Kevin Harrison, Victoria Mele & Zsolt Haraszti with PDA. Go to Youtube to find more. WARNING: There may be some gruesome pictures due to the Holocaust being a very sad and gruesome era. Helen Waterford in her older years. (1) Alfons in his older years. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) http://sharprightturn.wordpress.com/2009/03/25/hitler-youth-program-coming-to-an-american-town-near-you-soon/ (8) (8) (9) http://www.aish.com/ho/o/48956531.html (9) (10) http://www.holocaust-history-facts.com/kristallnacht.html (10) http://ckean.wordpress.com/category/auschwitz/ (11) (11) (12) http://www.topnews.in/law/people/adolf-hitler?page=3 (12) http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html (13) (13) A great Website to visit is:
http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html . It provides some fantastic pictures, but they may be appalling to some viewers.