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Theravada Meditation and Practice

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dani anstis

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of Theravada Meditation and Practice

Theravada Meditation Practices Vipassana Practice Purpose Origin Link to Eight Fold Path Link to the Eight Fold Path Practice Kammatthana Meditation has many purposes depending on what is prescribed to or chosen by the individual. Each of the forty objects serves a different purpose, sometimes even a different purpose for each individual. The purpose of each is to refine the individuals thinking and frame of mind in a way that aids them in their quest to enlightenment. Theravada Buddhists see these objects as the best way to adjust undesirable characteristics of temperament. Purpose Kammatthana Kammatthana Meditation is not the most common type of meditation in Theravarda Buddhism but it is the most specific.
The word Vipassana in the Buddhist tradition means insight into the true nature of reality. (Contributors, 2012)Vipassana was introduced by Gautama Buddha and is one of the world’s most ancient techniques of meditation. It is a practice of self-transformation through self-observation; sitting with an unwavering mind becomes an active experience of change and impermanence. What does this mean??? Vipassana meditation includes any meditation technique that cultivates insight. This includes observation of bodily sensations, observations about lived experiences and analytic meditation. Vipassana meditation studies Buddhist teachings such as the Four Noble Truths and deep body awareness. The following Youtube clip explains how a group of students practice Vipassana. Beginner practitioners of Vipassana must sit a 10 day residential course as it takes time to understand the technique properly. To get the preferred benefits from Vipassana meditation, you must practice correctly, the 10 day course teaches people how to do that. Although the 10 days is not an easy task as there is no talking, mobiles, reading, watching TV or listening to music. A student of Vipassana must agree to stick to the daily schedule which consists of:
Wake up at 4.30
Eat Breakfast at 6.30
Lunch at 11.00
Fruit at 16.30
Bed at 21.30
With meditation in between. During the 10 days students must also not leave the meditation center at all. Beginner Practitioners of Vipassana 5+7= (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr Temperament Suggested Meditation Subjects
1. Greedy - Ten Kinds of Foulness; Recollection of the Body
2. Hating - Four Sublime States, any of the four color Kasinas
3. Deluded - Mindfulness of Breath
4. Faithful - any of the first six Recollections
5. Intelligent - Recollection of Death or Peace, Perception of the Repulsiveness of Food, or Determination of the Four Great Elements
6. Speculative - Mindfulness of Breath
Other temperaments any of the six non-color Kasinas; The Four Immaterial States The Ten Kasinas
1. Earth kasina - having earth as the subject
2. Water kasina - having water as the subject
3. Fire kasina - having fire as the subject
4. Air kasina - having air as the subject
5. Green kasina - having green as the subject
6. Yellow kasina - having yellow as the subject
7. Red kasina - having red as the subject
8. White kasina -having white as the subject
9. Light kasina - having light as the subject
10. Space kasina - having space as the subject The Ten Kinds of Foulness (Asubha)- Pali Names
1. A swollen corpse - Uddhumataka
2. A blue-black corpse - Nilaka
3. A festering corpse - Vipubbaka
4. A dismembered corpse - Vicchiddaka
5. A corpse chewed and scattered by animals - Vikkhayitaka
6. A cut-up scattered corpse - Vikkhittaka
7. A cut and dismembered corpse - Hatavikkhittaka
8. A bleeding corpse - Lohitaka
9. A worm-infested corpse - Puluvaka
10. A skeleton - Atthika The Ten Recollections (Anussati)- Pali Name
1. Recollection of the Buddha - Buddhanussati
2. Recollection of the Dhamma - Dhammanussati
3. Recollection of the Sangha - Sanghanussati
4. Recollection of the Virtue - Silanussati
5. Recollection of the Generosity - Caganussati
6. Recollection of the Deities - Devatanussait
7. Recollection of the Death - Maranasati
8. Recollection of the Body - Kayagatasati
9. Mindfulness of Breathing - Anapanasati
10. Recollection of Peace - Upasamanussati The Four Sublime States (Brahma-Vihara): Pali Name
1. Loving-kindness -Metta
2. Compassion -Karuna
3. Sympathetic Joy -Mudita
4. Equanimity -Upekkha The Four Immaterial States (arupajhanas) - Pali Name
1. Infinity of space - Akasanancayatana
2. Infinity of consciousness - Vinnanancayatana
3. Nothingness - Akincannayatana
4. Neither-perception-nor-not-perception - Nevasannanasannayatana Kammatthana practice is specific to each individual, it aims to sculpt the persons temperament and mind in order to aid them on their journey to enlightenment. There are Forty objects of meditation, each with a different temperament and mindset that it targets. The object one meditates on is often prescribed by a monk or meditation teacher. The purpose of Vipassana meditation is the expansion of the heart. It aims to develop the mind and to see the insignificance of 'I', 'me', 'myself' and 'mine'. Vipassana brings a full awakening of the mind and an immediate liberation. Bibliography Vipassana Meditation originates in the Theravada tradition which is the oldest of the three main branches of Buddhism. After being taught for more than 2,500 years, Vipassana continues to be the core Buddhist practice in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, parts of India and Burma. This form of meditation cover many of the steps on the Noble Eight fold path,including those categorized under wisdom, ethical conduct and mental development. As with most meditation styles there is the purpose of mental development, Focusing on one of the forty objects requires the steps of right concentration and right effort. All of this aimed at achieving another step of mental development; right mindfulness. It also Aims for the two steps categorized under wisdom, Right view and Right intention, if an individual masters their meditation, these two steps can be mastered. The steps under Ethical conduct are only touched on in that the meditation can influence the way one acts, speaks and lives. :) Thank YOU for watching!
Blake and Dani
The Eightfold Path is considerably covered within this Meditation. Right effort is being made every time you note objects or actions such as ‘rising’, ‘sitting’, ‘touching’, ‘seeing’, ‘hearing’ and so on. The note taking is also mindful, which is right mindfulness. While you’re concentrating on the object or action noted, your concentration penetrates it and remains fixed on it, which is right concentration. As you are noting with concentration, original application alights onto the object being noted which is right intention. Once the connection is made that these actions and objects are impermanent, right view is attained. Perfecting the five precepts, (to abstain from harming living beings, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying and intoxication) is a sure-fire way of attaining the last three rights; right speech, right action and right livelihood. Bibliography
Anon. (n.d.). kammatthana. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Encyclopedia Britannica : http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/310671/kammatthana

Anon. (n.d.). Practicing Insight on Your Own A Handbook for Vipassana-kammatthana. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Wisdom Library: http://www.wisdomlib.org/buddhism/book/practicing-insight-on-your-own/d/doc940.html

Anon. (n.d.). Vipassana Dhura Meditation Society. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from The Eight-Fold Path: http://www.vipassanadhura.com/eightfold.htm

Britannica, E. o. (n.d.). Kammatthana. Retrieved from Encyclopedia Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/310671/kammatthana

Contributors. (1981). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Contributors, W. (2012, July 8). Five Precepts. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Five_Precepts&oldid=500877067

Contributors, W. (2009-2012). Kammattha, Wikipedia. (W. Contributors, Editor) Retrieved June 26, 2012, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kamma%E1%B9%AD%E1%B9%ADh%C4%81na&oldid=486332938

Contributors, W. (2012, July 5). Kammaṭṭhāna. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kamma%E1%B9%AD%E1%B9%ADh%C4%81na&oldid=486332938

Contributors, W. (2012, July 8). Vipassanā. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vipassan%C4%81&oldid=500144089

Hanzze. (2012, January 8). Theravada Tantra - Kammathana: Escoteric Meditation in Cambodian Buddhism. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Khmer Buddhist Network: Theravada Tantra - Kammathana: Escoteric Meditation in Cambodian Buddhism

Individual/Anon. (2009, January 16). Kammatthana. Retrieved from Dhamma Wheel: http://www.dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=271

Individual/Anon. (2009, January 22). Kammaṭṭhāna. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Dhamma Wheel: http://www.dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=271

Sayadaw, M. (2009, March 16). Realizing the Eightfold Noble's Path through Vipassana Meditation. Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Yellow Robe: http://www.yellowrobe.com/practice/meditation/229-realizing-the-eightfold-nobles-path-through-vipassana-meditation.html/

Titmuss, C. (n.d.). Retrieved July 8, 2012, from Insight Meditation: http://www.insightmeditation.org/#
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