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Journalism Webquest

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Linny Merbot

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Journalism Webquest

Journalism Webquest
Linh Dang, 8A
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Yeo v. Town of Lexington
Bad Headlines
"Survivor of Siamese Twins Joins Parents"
Original Headline
Survivor of Siamese Twins Reunites With Parents
This artice may be centered around the fact that these siamese twins have gone through surgery, and only one of the two lived. The survivor reunites with his/her parents.
Original Headline
"Miners Refuse to Work After Death"
Pulizter Prize
1. Journalists must always abide
by the truth
2. A respectable journalist must also be aware of his/her general audience.
3. Keep the writing as objective as possible.
4. Despite keeping away a bias, the journalist must also retain a voice.
5. Journalists must act as an observer of those in power.
Journalists have the ability to be an onlooker to the people whose positions of power has the potential to affect civilians. That does mean, however, that those who are the journalists should not use their occupation to discredit it by using it senselessly nor should they use it for personal and/or commercial gain.
7. Keep your audience invested.
A journalist must keep his/her writing fresh. Make the writing have a purpose and retain the reader's investment.
One job a journalist has is to make an attempt to involve his/her audience by encouraging them to speak their mind. However, that is a difficult thing to do, so s/he can be a leader by taking a step forward and offering their personal opinion. Not to mention that this will diversify the voices of the general public.
The Nine Elements of Journalism
This means that there must be no false information featured the journalist's article. Everything presented must be wholly fact with a source. However, the writer must not throw it in the readers' face to leave some speculation and intrepretation.
Source: http://www.journalism.org/resources/principles-of-journalism/
The journalist must work to acknowledge and please his/her readers whether or not the topic the author is covering is one that the readers have decided one. S/he must also work to represent his/her audience.
The writer must use his/her best efforts to remove any sort of bias towards the specific topic s/he is covering. Doing so will not only show discipline in the journalist, but it will also permit the audience to form their own opinions towards the topic.
Source: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-pulitzer-prize.htm
Named after Joseph Pulitzer, the Pulitzer Prize is award to those who have created a distinct work of art (music and literature), typically involving journalism.
The prize was named after Pulitzer because he was a journalist for a major New York newpaper known as
New York World
. While he was working here, he transformed the newspaper to "hard-hitting investigative journalism."
The prize is awarded by the Pulitzer board, which consists of jurors. These jurors are scholars in their specific category and have pursued their interest in it professionally to some extent.
Once awarded, the winner receives $10,000 USD along with a certificate making the achievment official. Not to mention, that the awarded is casted in gold with Pulitzer's face embedded on one side and a hand-operated printing press on the other.
Miners Refuse to Work After Death of Co-Worker(s)
In December 1965, a group of students from Des Moines School met at a fellow peer's (Christopher Eckhardt) home and planned to wear black armbands to school and fast on December 1 and New Years Day to express their support of an armistice during the Vietnam War. However, when Mary Beth Tinker and Christopher Eckhardt went to school sporting the armbands, they were told to go home. The day after, John Tinker repeated the action and was, too, sent home. The three students refused to show up at school until New Years Day was over, the day they had originally planned to end their stunt.
The students sued the school district (with assistance from their parents) with an accusation stating that the "students' right of expression" was violated and demanded a judicial arder restraining the district from punishing the students.
Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1968/1968_21
The court ruled in favor of Tinker; the students won by seven votes for and two votes against.
However, the original title implied that the living one of the twins performed a surgery on his/her parents to leave them conjoined.
The article was most likely discussing the fact that a mining site had caused the death(s) of a miner's co-workers. Due to that fact, the surviving miner refused to work to prevent any harm coming to him.
However, the original title made it seem as if the miner had already died and now refuses to go to work.
Original Headline
"Squad Helps Dog Bite Victim"
Squad Help Victim of Dog Bite
The article was most likely talking about how a squad of people had helped someone who had a dog bite them.
However, the original headline had made it seem as if the squad of people assisted the dog in biting and attacking people.
Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1987/1987_86_836
The court ruled in favor of the Hazelwood School District; they received five votes for and three votes against.
9. Journalists must
be allowed to have their
morals utilized.
8. Journalist must keep the news/report commentsruate.
In the May of 1983, Robert E. Reynolds, principal of Hazel wood East High School, came across two articles in the school newpaper,
The Spectrum
, and deemed it inappropriate. With that decision, he demanded that the students withhold the aforementioned pages from publication.
Three students, Cathy Kuhlmeier and two former Hazelwood East students, brought the case to the court's attentions.
The prize is given to those who have created a remarkable work of art. Works of art feature music, literature, journalism, and photography.
In Literature:
General Nonfiction
In Journalism:
Investigative Reporting
Editorial Cartooning
Breaking news Photography
Breaking news Reporting
Explanatory Reporting
National Reporting
International Reporting
Feature Photography
Editorial Writing
Local Reporting
Feature Writing
Public Service
The journalist must be objective but not wholly neutral. What s/he writes must be unbiased enough to allow the readers to from their own opinions(s), but still manage to portray his or her opinions.
http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/article/102540/Introduction. aspx
6. Must be a way for the general public to discuss and criticize.
The journalist would provide this best by filling his/her article with fact as opposed to prejudice and opinion. However, mentioning an opinion may be a good discussion sparker.
The author must be sure to not blow the topic out of proportions nor should they neglect certain others; s/he must be sure to include a vast amount of communities, not just the glorified and/or vilified demographics. Overall, the journalist should refer to the first principle: truthfulness.
Source: http://www.jonesboroweb.com/edd/EdPolicy_Law/brief3.htm
One particular Pulitzer winner that I found compelling is Jennifer Higdon. Higdon is a composer from the state of Philadelphia; she started composing at the age 21, playing flute (age 15) and started formally learning musical education at age 18.
She had won a Pulitzer music award by composing a violin concerto for violinist Hilary Hahn with the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, which was conducted by Mario Venzano. Jurors on the Pulitzer board described her concerto as "a deeply engaging piece that combines flowing lyricism with dazzling virtuosity."
Source: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125872042
The only requirement to be awarded wih such an award is to create a distinct piece work that falls under any of the specified categories.
In the year of 1997, Douglas Yeo had the desire to publish a sexual abstinence advertisement in the native Lexington high school newspaper and magazine (The Lexington Musket). However, the student newpaper committee declined the publishing of the ad as they thought it to be disputable . Consequently, Yeo went to court about the case, suing the Town of Lexington (specifically the Lexington School District), accusing them for violating his frist amendment right: his freedom of speech.
The court ruled in favor of town, stating that it was the committee's paper, which the students have full responsibility in what they want to and don't want to publish.
Source: http://followingpulitzer.wordpress.com/how-are-the-pulitzer-prizes-awarded/
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