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Sigmund Freud didn't have an educational theory?
Transcript of Sigmund Freud didn't have an educational theory?
as well as cultural differences,
can attribute to fundamental
differences among individuals.
This is an important factor to note,
especially in the educational arena,
given today’s diverse population
Freud’s theories influenced today’s special needs students through his work with children who displayed behavior disorders.
Play therapy continues to be used today; over a hundred years after Freud introduced it. The benefits of playing in therapy mirrors the conventions of play in childhood where successful results are reached using methods best suited for the child. These methods are used not only in special education but also traditional classroom settings as well. From diversity to the needs of special needs students, Freud’s influences reach everywhere.
~Sigismund Schlomo Freud~
Sigmund Freud, while not known specifically for an educational theory, has influenced education and made significant contributions to society. Freud believed behaviors were governed by unconscious thoughts thus forming his hypothesis of ‘dynamic theory of personality’. Additionally, he developed the idea of play therapy as a method of working with children who displayed behavior disorders. Lastly, and most importantly, Freud laid the groundwork for future theorists.
Sigmund Freud may not have had a specific educational theory, but his contributions are undeniable. Through his work, we have a better understanding of diversity in the classroom, ways in which special needs students can be helped through play therapy, and how his work has is the foundational basis for some of our modern day educational theories.
"Children are completely egoistic; they feel their needs intensely and strive ruthlessly to satisfy them."
Freud is famously known for his controversial psychosexual development theory but you may be surprised to find out that he suggested that he, himself, had not contributed to childhood education. Unbeknownst to Freud, his contributions to education have been unmistakable. This is no more evident than when one considers the contributions to the theorists that came behind him. The fact remains that over a twenty-five year period he was moved to write on education in some form, yet he left no official stance on the subject.
It is important to note...
that Freud believed childhood was a pivotal period in an individual’s development. He considered childhood experiences a pivotal factor in determining an individual's behavior.
Behavior disorders, believed by Freud to have been caused in most cases by unresolved conflicts involving a child’s mother, served as the foundation for analysis of behavior disorders.
He attached a child’s struggles with attention problems or problems with activity levels to unconscious processes.
In summary, Freud believed a child's behavior problems stemmed from
the relationship between the mother and the child. The behaviors the child exhibits are unconscious on the child's part and one way in which these problems can be
resolved is for the mother and
child to engage in play therapy.
While Freud’s theories are, by modern standards, considered archaic, they were based on scientific evidence that was available at that time.
So what does it have to do with education?
Freud’s development theory was the first staged development theory, which garnered attention and has been used since that time by a multitude of other theorists as a foundation to their own work, especially in the arena of educational theories.
Many other theorists were influenced by Freud's work.
Erik Erikson, developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, was one such theorist whom was highly influenced by the works of Freud.
By today’s scientific standards, his theories are not considered very accurate but their importance is significant.
Yes, but they are still important!
Freud's Development Theory
Freud's theories archaic?
and his contributions to education
The final stage of psychosexual development focuses on the genitals.
Pleasure is now sought through consensual and adult sexuality focused on
physical stimulation of the genitals
by the opposite sex.
Genital Stage (puberty on)
At this stage, a child's sexual impulses are repressed, instead the child focuses on school, friendships, and other activities.
Freud was largely uninterested in this stage as it had limited psychosexual development.
Latency Stage (6 years to puberty)
Phallic Stage (3-6 years)
Oral Stage 0-18 months
Pleasure is centered in and around the mouth.
Satisfaction is achieved through oral activities such as feeding, babbling, thumb sucking, or putting objects into mouth.
Stage’s of Development
Freud’s psychosexual development theory proposed that from birth, individuals develop in five stages, each characterized by an erogenous zone that creates sexual energy. Freud hypothesized that an individual who experienced any anxiety during the five stages of development would continue to experience anxiety into adulthood, essentially developing a functional mental disorder.
Anal Stage (18-36 months)
The focus is shifted to the anus.
Satisfaction is achieved through bowel and bladder control and the sensations that come with having or withholding these bodily functions.
Pleasure is now focused around the genital region.
Awareness of differences between males and females is realized as well as individual sexuality.
Therapy for both parent and child were recommended with play therapy being the usual form of intervention for the child.
Learning more about play therapy...
Describe why, to Freud,
influential to education.
Why did Freud's theories
influence special needs
What theories that Freud
developed are still in
This is normal, right?
You are listening to a 1938 recording of Freud discussing his work.
By Merrily Anderson, Melissa Hagood, and Jeannie Lupo
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Educators must remain cognizant of the fact that the student body, their families, and the school environment in general are more diverse than ever before. Not only are the needs of the diverse learners in a classroom important to remember, but the needs of the special needs student are as well.
Hypothesizing that behaviors are governed by unconscious motivations, Freud formed his concept of ‘dynamic theory of personality’. Because of the lack of scientific knowledge in the early to mid-part of the 1900’s, Freud used the information available to him to explain his theory of personality.
Despite the fact that no universal “norm” exists in psychology, we are now aware that “normal” and “abnormal” may be cultural differences and must be viewed in this context, especially when one considers the educational environment.
He generated his theory believing that unconscious motivations were the basis for human behavior, believing there was a universal norm. While incorrect, the theory of personality made aware the idea of the “unconscious” as well as previously unknown characteristics of human development.
I'm not like the rest!