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Chapter 3 - Critical Thinking & Fallacies
Transcript of Chapter 3 - Critical Thinking & Fallacies
Persuasive Presentations start Monday!!
If you are presenting on Monday, don't wait until Sunday night to get help!!
1 - Identify the flaws and problems in a given situation.
2 - How we respond to or best change those problems we identify.
Toulmin's Model of Reasoning
1. Claim - Something we assert to be true or false, right or wrong, this or that (the argument you are making).
2. Evidence - Statistics, examples, testimony, or other forms of support.
3. Warrant - The connective tissue/reasoning that links the evidence to the claim. (The warrant is most often forgotten.)
Tear apart to build up.
*4 major/most common fallacies.
Slippery Slope Reasoning
Suggests that if one event happens, then a hole series of other, increasingly terrible (or positive) events will follow, even if we don't know that for sure.
Ad Hominem Attacks
To question the person rather than her or his ideas.
Straw Person Arguments
Occurs when an arguer sets up an argument for the sole purpose of refuting it, making the argument more vulnerable to attack.
"Sidestepping genuine engagement in the issues that matter most in favor of what he or she thinks will be an easy win."
Red Herring Fallacy
When a speaker or writer distracts an audience from a flaw or misstep in argumentation by making an observation that is unrelated or irrelevant.
Dimensions of Critical Thinking
Fallacy - Errors/Weakness in Reasoning.