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Copy of Australian History Timeline

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by

Cheryl Rundle

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Australian History Timeline

PRE 1750 Aboriginals in
Australia
In the clans the men focused particularly on hunting while the women focused on gathering. They did artwork, told stories and played games. They shared jobs and equipment and would all help each other out.

There was a strong legal system, but no government so disputes would be settled by the elders.

By 1787 an estimated 300,000-1,500,000 Aboriginals lived in Australia Australian History
Timeline
1750-1918 For over 40 000 years Aboriginals have lived in the land of Australia. Between 60,000-120,000 Aboriginals traveled through Asia to Northern parts of Australia, and throughout time moved South.

Aboriginals lived in small little groups called clans, there were 600-700 different clans throughout Australia and many different languages. Aboriginals would often talk of their "people" and "country", they developed a strong understanding of the world around them and that everything was there for a reason, they demonstrated this through their "Dreaming" Aboriginal Clans in
Australia 1750 Imperial
England Industrial Revolution

By the 18th Century jobs that had been
done previously by man were
now being taken over by machine.

With people out of jobs they were
forced to steal for their families and
therefore the prisons were becoming
more and more full Penal Colony
Prisons were overflowing with more and more criminals being convicted. For a short period of time prisoners were being kept on ships because they had no where else to put them.

The British had 3 options, they could build more prisons (but that would cost to much), they could keep them on the ships(but the prisoners would get diseases and infections) or they could find more land to claim as their own and send the criminals to transportation.

The British decided to go with the 3rd option and put the word out to the explorers to find more land to claim as their own 1750 1918 1768-71 James Cook &
The Discovery
of Australia By Ryley Doherty
JR6 In 1768 James Cook was sent by the British to go on an expedition to the Pacific Ocean to observe the transit of Venus via Cape Horn.

Cook sailed a 106 ft ship called the Endeavour arriving in Tahiti on the 13 April 1769. Cook finished his observations and then went on a secret mission set by the Admiralty to continue to the South Pacific to search for signs of the continent "Terra Australis"

He reached New Zealand where he mapped the coastline and the continued west until he reached the south-eastern coast of Australia on the 19 April 1770 where he was the first documented European to reach the Eastern coastline. Cook continued up the Coastline of Australia where he named many things along the way including Botany Bay which he recommended would be a good place for settlement. After he left Botany Bay he continued North where he ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef and extensive repairs were needed to fix the ship. Cook claimed all of the Eastern Coast as British Territory and headed back to Britain passing through differnet countries arriving on the 12 July 1771. Red Line Indicates Voyage to Australia 1787-88 The First
Fleet The First Fleet was the name of the First 11 Ships that sailed From England to Australia to establish the First European colony in Australia 6 of the 11 Boats held Convicts while the other 5 carried enough supplies for 2 years.
1,420 people were on the First Fleet with 789 of them convicts. By the end 47 peolple had died and 11 babies were born. Some of the supplies they carried were as follows:
-Sheep
-Goats
-Dogs
-Cats
-Clothes
-Seeds
-Tools They Arrived in Botany Bay on the 18th of January 1788 but it was found that the bay was open and unprotected, fresh water was scarce, and the soil was poor so they decided to sail to Port Jackson where Arthur Phillip went ashore Sydney Cove and raised the British Flag. On the 26th January 1788 Australia was settled and that day today is know as Australia Day The Boats left the City of Portsmouth on 13th of May 1787 led by Captain Arthur Phillip Voyage from Portsmouth to Australia 1788-1868 Convicts in
Australia Transportation started on the 13th of May 1787 and finished on the 10th of January 1868. Over the 80 years that Australia was open to transportation over 165,000 convicts were sent to Australia. The Convicts used to build houses, churches, farms etc. and do work. After they had built theses places they often had a chance to live in them where they would be monitored by guards Convicts were Punished if they did something wrong After many years the convicts were free and became Australian citizens, they are apart of our History and Ancestors 1808 The Rum
Rebellion In Australia there was no real currency or money so Barter and Trade which is just trading things for something was the usual means of payment.

Rum was also use as a sort of currency and it was imported from India and America.

The Military offices controlled the port and price of the Rum and through this they became very rich. The Rum Trade had been previously tried to stop by Governors John Hunter and Phillip King but they both failed.

William Bligh was sent as the new Governor to try and stop it but it resulted in a 300 man march to Government House on the 26th January 1808 where William Bligh and his family were arrested known as the "Rum Rebellion" .

John MacArthur distributed Rum in the NSW corps and was involved in the Rum Rebellion. Because of this he was sent back to England and was not allowed to return until 1817. Previously MacArthur had been sent back to England for Dueling. When he returned he owned lots of land and began farming. 1851 The Gold
Rush In Victoria the First Specs of Gold were found by Edward Hargreaves in a creek near Bathurst. and was rewarded 500 pounds.

Eight Months Later more Gold was found in Ballarat and Bendigo which officially opened the Gold Rush in 1851.

People came from all over the world to mine for Gold, some sold up everything hey owned just to try their luck on the Goldfields. Some of the mining towns included: Chewton, Ballarat, Beechworth, El Dorado, Maryborough, Harcourt, Castlemaine & Bendigo. Over 10 years the population had increased from 450,000 to over 1,000,000 nearly 3 times as many. The Gold Rush ended in the late 1860's. The conditions on the Goldfields were really bad. There was poor sanitation, diseases, bad smells and people lived in small tents where it was really crowded. In Bendigo at one point more than 40,000 tents on the Goldfields. 1851 ---> Chinese on
the Goldfields Chines were treated really differently on the Goldfields and were not like because they wore strange clothing, Worked very hard, Sent their money back to China rather than spending it on the gold fields, Stuck together and few spoke English, Ate strange food and smoked opium pipes and They were not Christian and worshiped at Joss Houses By the End of the Gold Rush a total of 33,600 Chinese Miners were in Victoria alone 1854 Eureka
Stockade During the Gold Rush miners were made to buy a monthly license with the money helping to go towards the building of infrastructure and buildings and help fund law enforcement. The miners didnt like the licences because:
-The fees were too high
-They werent allowed to vote
-Police were too harsh when checking licenses
-Corrupt police
-Cannot see how their money was being spent In Ballarat in 1854 there was conflict between the miners and the authorities. A man who had allegedly killed a miner had been set free because he bribed the magistrate, other miners found out and they burnt down the hotel where the man was staying. On the 29th November 12,000 miners attended a meeting, flew the Southern Cross flag and threatened to burn their licenses On the 30th November A license hunt was ordered and
under the leadership of Peter Lalor the miners rebel and build a stockade. On the 3rd December 270 troops attack 150 miners this results in a 15 minute battle where 30 miners and 5 troops were killed and Peter Lalor was arrested 13 miners were tried for treason and all of them were acquitted
The monthly miner’s license fee was abolished and miners
now only had to pay £1 for an annual right.
They were also given the right to voteand Peter Lalor was later elected as a member of the Victorian Parliament 1901 Federation The Federation of Australia took place on the 1st of January 1901. Federation was when the 6 individual British colonies of Victoria, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia and New South Wales all joined together to form one Nation. They became the states of the Commonwealth of Australia. Each State kept its government but it was decided that there would be a Government for the whole of Australia which was called the Federal Government. Originally many people opposed it for many reasons like communications, travel and money but then they decided to join together for many reasons such as:
-They would be stronger as one big nation
-Communications and transport became easier
-People were proud of their homeland and felt their national feeling was growing stronger. Edmund Barton was the First Prime Minister of Australia and a good one.
Federation was a very significant date in the History of Australia Thanks for
Watching :) 1914-18 World War 1 WW1 also known as the "Great War" was from the 28th of July 1914 to the 11th of November 1918. The War started because of many things. The main reason was because of Nationalism which was when countries thought that they were better than others. Another cause was also the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinland of Austria and his Wife Sophie on the 28 June 1914.

All of the countries got involved because they were allies with other countries. There were 2 main sides the first one was England, France, Russia, Corsica,Australia and the second was the German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Sardinia, Sicily and Italy. The War took place in Europe starting in France. As soon as the British said they were going Australia committed 20, 000 soldiers. At Gallipoli when they first landed at 4.30 am on the 25th April 1915 over 2300 ANZACS died. By the End of the War Australia and New Zealand had enlisted over 300,000 soldiers wher over 60,000 of them died and 156,000 were wounded. 1824 Hume and
Hovell Hamilton Hume and William Hovell were bothe explorers of Australia, They joined together in 1824 to lead an expedition to find New grazing Land and also to find out where the New South Wales western rivers flowed. As well as Hume and Hovell, six other men went on the expedition to help and another unknown Aboriginal went possibly as a translator On the 3rd of October 1824 The Explorers and their 6 men set off for Hume’s Station so they could collect some more supplies. They arrived there on the 13th of October and left on the 17th of October, starting the proper expedition. They explored southwest from Sydney, travelling overland down through the region now known as Victoria, and to Corio Bay. Because of Damaged instruments they believed that they were at Western Port which had been discovered by Mathew Flinders and George Bass but then Hume remembered that James Meehan had told him there were no large islands in Port Phillip, therefore they had reached Port Phillip not Western Port. Hume and Hovell discovered and mapped numerous rivers in what is now Victoria, adding to the knowledge of inland Australia.
They both raced back to Sydney to claim credit for their discoveries. They arrived back in Sydney on the 18th of January 1825 and both received 1,200 acres of Land.
William Hovell Hamilton Hume The Hume and Hovell Expedition is said to be one of the most important journeys of exploration undertaken in the East of Australia.
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