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Political Systems

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Matthew Landon

on 9 November 2015

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Transcript of Political Systems

Political Systems Of The
World

Purpose of Government
What is the best way for societies to organize?
All societies have to decided how to organize and make rules.
Ruled by a family of "experts."
Monarchy
People elect a government
Democracy
Rules and laws are based on religious ideas and teachings.
Theocracy
Strong leader with absolute authority
Dictatorship
State creates a group of experts
Communism
No government, no rules, no laws.
Anarchy
Advantages
Royalty is raised to be "experts" and simply "know" what is best because of their training.
Bring along council of experts to advise.
Consistent expectations.
Requires very little involvement.
Disadvantages
Arrogance, infallible, detached.
May not understand the real value of things, people, property (State.)
Danger of not acting in the best interest of the people, no check on their power.
Advantages
Government by the people.
Everyone expresses their input.
Leaders are accountable to voters
Compromise and collaboration mean that change is slow.
Stability is always present
Disadvantages
Many people don't participate (vote.)
Rights of the minorities may be ignored.
Special interests can take control by favoritism.
People don't always know what best for them, so they make bad decisions.
Advantages
Absolute authority to enforce peace and security
If leader is well trained, good things can follow
National pride can come from a well respected leader
People like security
Disadvantages
Power can corrupt
Dictator may not be nice
Dictators rarely support citizens rights and freedoms
Dictators rarely support opposition
Rule by terror is kinda scary
Advantages
No corrupt leadership
Lots of individual freedom
Trust that all people know and pursue their best interests
All services and property transactions operate by agreement
If you don't give, you can't get
Disadvantages
Too many bullies, there is always someone bigger than you
No protection from anyone
Some people unable to contribute
Same thing is often times done multiple times by multiple people
Difficult to align self-interests
Parliamentary
Definition
Disadvantage
Easy to vote out good leaders
Too many voices need to be heard
Consensus is not always easy to reach
Easy to vote in bad leaders
Too many political parties
Advantages
Many points of view
Few stalemates, agreement must be reached
Easy to participate in
Multiple political parties
Easy to vote out poor leadership
Definition
A way of organizing a society in which the government owns the things that are used to make and transport products
Advantages
Everyone participates
Resources are shared by everyone
No one goes without
It gives people the idea that everyone is equal
Definition
A form of government where the country is ruled by a king or queen and where the power will be transferred eventually to the children or relatives of the king or queen
Disadvantages
Can't always get what you want
No private property
Everyone benefits the same
No one to complain to because you are part of the process
Needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few
Definition
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.

Definition
A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a single person, a dictator, or a small group of people (usually military leaders)
Process
Voters elect representatives who form groups to lead, this forms the Parliament.
The group with the largest number of members gets to choose a leader, the Prime Minister.
Prime Minister enforces the rules the Parliament makes.

A system of government in which the power to make and execute laws is held by the entire group of elected officials, the Parliament
Definition
Government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. In many theocracies, government leaders are members of the clergy, and the state's legal system is based on religious law. Theocratic rule was typical of early civilizations.
Advantages
Very loyal population
Everyone knows the religious text
Everyone practices the same faith
Ruler/leader viewed as a "father-figure" and he will take care of society
Often a very stable society, very slow to change
Disadvantages
Citizens would be forced to be just like everyone else, according to religious guidelines
No separation between the church and state
Forbidden to practice different religions
Difficult to change rules and laws
Logic and reason not as important as faith
Your Part in it!
Rights: A legal entitlement to have something or to act in a certain way
Roles: Actions and expected behavior of individuals in a society
Responsibilities: Duties or obligations that each individual must complete
Liberty: The right to act freely according to societies laws
Justice: Fair treatment of everyone according to societies laws
Civil Liberties: The right to be treated fairly by and participate in your society
Citizenship: the status of being a citizen of a specific place
Authority: the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce law
Transitional: a temporary government that holds power in case of an emergency
Ruled by the "wealthy" few.
Oligarchy
Advantages
Political decisions are made fast
If leader is well trained, good things can follow
National pride can come from a well respected leader
Disadvantages
Power can corrupt
Needs and wants of common people are not thought of
It is hard to change to new leaders
Definition
Oligarchy is a form of government where most political power effectively rests with a small segment of society (typically the wealthiest or most ruthless elite).
Republic
a government in which supreme power resides in a body of elected citizens who are responsible to lead according to the law of the land (a constitution)
Full transcript