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the Health of Societies

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geraldine mcdarby

on 2 February 2016

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Transcript of the Health of Societies

Social
Education & literacy
the
Health
of
Societies
Dr. Geraldine McDarby
Geraldine.McDarby@nuigalway.ie
Equality
Income
standard of living
affect primarily children and elderly
exponential returns in LE for increases in income & living standards
Absolute
Relative
Poverty
Poverty
LE =income difference
& Health
Health (LE) in rich countries is related to income differences
within
society not to income differences
between
societies
Income
&
Income
Gap
LE=absolute income
Social
the
Status
relative position/rank
inherited or achieved
pre-human dominance strategy
inequality
at odds with 'community'
material
skills
knowledge
attributes
social
markers of success
pride
social evaluative feedback
higher cortisol levels

important marker of stress/independent of material standards
highly correlated with addiction, violence, suicide & bullying
worsened by loss of community

shame
Indicators
Imprisonment
Homicide
Child conflict
g
crime rate
tendency to incarcerate
sentence length
re-offending higher in more punative systems
high imprisonment associated with low welfare provision
threats to social image/status
perpetrators=young men
Fatherless homes &
hypermasculinity
low birthweight
prematurity
infant death
educational failure
teen parenthood
juvenile crime
recycling deprivation
divorce
unemployment
crime
poverty
USA 52.1/1,000
Japan 4.6/1,000
Programme for International Student Assessment
Adult literacy scores
caste experiment
stereotype threat evaluations
the Obama Effect
60% Americas rapists
72% juvenile murderers
70% long term prisoners
David Popenoe
'Life without Father'
Economic
Economic growth & social status are the most powerful determinants of many aspects of our lives
Causality?
strength
consistency
specificity
temporality
plausibility
coherence
analogy
experiment
What is our nature?
the ultimatum game & altruistic punishment
chimpanzees vs bonobo monkeys
proportion of brain made of of neocortex
mirror neurons & empathy
social
Solutions?
lower LE
lower educational achievement
higher rates of obesity
higher rates teen pregnancy
higher rates of mental illness
higher rates of drug misuse
higher rates of violent crime
longer working hours
more married women in workplace
higher rates of debt and bankruptcy
greater % of GDP spent on advertising
nequalities
higher LE
higher educational achievement
lower rates of obesity
lower rates teen pregnancy
lower rates of mental illness
lower rates of drug misuse
lower rates of violent crime
increased recycling
increased levels of development aid
Specialised services (individual focus)
police and healthcare-not most powerful determinants of crime levels or standards of population health
Taxes & Benefits
-prevent large differences in gross earnings (Japan)
-redistribute wealth through progressive taxes and benefits
Strengthen Organized labour
plug loopholes in tax system
limit business expenses
increase top tax rates
limit maximum pay in companies to multiple of avg or least
raise minimum wage
subsidize necessities
tax luxuries
pensions
inheritance tax
child benefit
unemployment benefit
Employee Ownership
Activity
reproductive strategy
quantity vs quality
'luxury fever'
'affluenza virus'
'status anxiety'
http://www.upworthy.com/if-you-thought-someone-couldnt-explain-empathy-with-a-dry-erase-marker-youre-wrong
focus on self
image
status
Full transcript