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Transcript of Chinese Literature
Modern Literature It refers to the earliest period and covers works from three thousands years ago to the late Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), and is a virtually unbroken strand enduring dynastic changes. Written in an ancient form of language that is very different from present day Chinese, it needs to be carefully studied to be understood. Li Po (701-762), one of the most popular Chinese poets, was noted for his romantic songs on wine, women, and nature. His writings reflect the grandeur of the T'ang dynasty at the height of its prosperity.
It refers to the period from the Opium War in 1840 to the May Fourth Movement in 1919. As the decadent reign of the Qing failed to inspire the minds of people, the literary forms had remained unchanged; till the Opium War in 1840. Then they absorbed the impact of western thoughts as foreigners poured in China and established their colonies. Novels, poetry and other works began to appear with a theme of patriotism and a revelation of social ills.
A Chinese émigré novelist, playwright, and critic who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature “for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity.” He is also a noted translator screenwriter, stage director, and a celebrated painter.
"Learning without thought is labor lost"
-Confucius In the twenties and thirties, there was a huge increase in the number of creative and artistic views on society, and different theories about writing were vast and numerous. Many of stories showed the modern man in a struggle against repressive Confucian values and a need to change and expand their horizons. It was a Soviet concept that affected people to believe that all art had to focus solely on modern events in a natural and realistic sense. CHINESE LITERATURE The most influenced literary works are "Book of Documents", "Book of Changes" and “Book of Songs".
The (Shangshu or Shujing, literally "Texts of the Old") is a collection of speeches and discussions from the mythical Xia Dynasty and the Shang Dynasty.
The (Shijing) is a collection of hymns, critics and popular songs from the Western Zhou. The third great text is the (Yijing), a manual for milfoil divination. CHINESE LITERATURE CLASSICAL LITERATURE Since it was nearly always developed under the reign of centralized and unified government, it is imbued with the thoughts of a culture that embraced slavery and a feudal society. It was steeped in an enclosed environment that hardly had any real links with religion or least of all the literature of foreign cultures. Here are some remarkable people in the Classical Literature Creative Works: A song of an Autumn Midnight
Alone and Drinking under the Moon
Confucius Confucius(551–479 BCE)was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
Creative Works: A Love-Song
A Festal ode
Here are some remarkable people in the Modern Literature Lu Xun One of the major Chinese writers of the 20th century. Considered by many to be the leading figure of modern Chinese literature, he wrote in baihua as well as classical Chinese. Lu Xun was a fiction writer, editor, translator, critic, essayist and poet. In the 1930s he became the titular head of the Chinese League of the Left-Wing Writers in Shanghai.
Creative Works: A Madman’s Diary
The New Year’s Sacrifice Thank you for watching!