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Zakah

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Sahar Shamsi

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Zakah

Zakah Zakah is one of the five pillars of Islam and is a duty performed on a regular basis. Zakah is not an option it is a compulsory act for all Muslims. It is a contribution paid once a year on savings of two and a half percent. This giving is to “cleanse” your money and possessions from excessive desire for them or greed. The idea is, that by giving this money you learn not to place too much importance on material wealth (cash and possessions). What is Zakah? Why should we give Zakah? 1. It keeps one away from sin

2. It saves the giver from moral ills arising from the love and greed for wealth.

- Through Zakaat the poorer class, (those who are not capable of providing for themselves) are being cared for, such as widows, orphans, the disabled, the poor and the destitute, and it is in fact a vital part of the elaborate and equitable system of the distribution of wealth established by Allah for mankind.

- Even if there is no poor or destitute, Zakaat is still incumbent upon Muslims. This has been ordained as a monetary devotion. What should we pay Zakah on? - Gold & Silver (whether jewelery or any other form).
- Merchandise for business.
- Income derived from properties.
- Value of property bought for resale.
- Cash currency (on hand or in bank).
- Monies owing to you (details to be sought from an Aalim).
- Livestock (the Nisaab of livestock is different from above). Zakah doesn't have to be paid on.... - Home for living.
- Household requirements e.g. Furniture, car, etc. - Personal requirements (not of gold and silver).
- Other precious metals or stones, such as diamonds which are for personal use.
- If liabilities exceed assets. Should I pay Zakah? One has to pay Zakah if they reach a certain amount of money, and if they are a sane adult Muslim. The certain amount that determines whether or not you have to pay Zakah is called Nisaab. You must have Nisaab for a full LUNAR year.

The Nisaab of gold and silver fixed by Rasulullah (S) is as follows:

Gold 20 Mithqals 87.48 grams 2, 8125 Troy Oz.
Silver 200 Dirhams 612, 36 grams 19, 6875 Troy Pz.

The Nisaab of assets other than Gold and Silver (e.g. Merchandise and cash, etc.) will be the equivalent of what is lesser in vaue between Gold and Silver.

E.g. If the Nisaab of Gold is for instance $800 and the Nisaab of Silver is $500, then the Nisaab of the Merchandise, etc. will be $500. Who cannot be given Zakah? 1. The Banu Hashim who are the children of Fatima ( RA ) and all the members of Rasoolallah.

2. Parents, grandparents, children, and grand children. Basically, no one directly above or below you.

3. Institutions or organizations that do not give the rightful recipients (masarif), possession of zakaat, but instead use zakaat funds for consumption, investments or salaries.....

4. Non- Muslims

5. Zakaah cannot be given as remuneration for services rendered. What other kinds of charity is there? Allah made it obligatory to pay Sadaqaatul Fitr as a means of cleaning your fasts and in order that it provides food for the poor and destitute.

The prophet (SAW) said '' The fast remains suspended between the heavens and the earth until fitrah is discharged) (tahreeb)

Sadaqaatul fitr is an obligation for every Muslim , male or female who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade or in the form of some goods... Sadaqatul Fitr
Every person that owns such an amount of money must pay Sadaqaatul fitr not only for himself but on behalf of his minor children. 1.75 grams of wheat or its value of money, this must be paid on behalf of each separately.

It is sunnah that the Sadaqaatul fitr is paid before performing Eid prayer. Sadaqaatul fitr should only be paid to a person entitled to receive zakaat. Sadaqah Jariyah It is perpetual charity like donating to build a masjid or teaching a kid surah fatihah. one receives reward even after one has passed away.
Saadaqa Jaariya can also be given on behalf of people who have passed away. Such can be done by:

1) Spending in the way of the mosque (helping cover cost of building, maintenance, carpeting, buying Qur’an or Islamic books for the mosque library).

2) Helping Darul Ulooms or Islamic institutions where students gain Islamic knowledge.

3) Helping the poor and needy (building a well, providing shelter, building a house, setting up a small business for their livelihood).

4) Buying Islamic books for Madrassa, Darul Ulooms, Ulemas (scholars) and Muslim students. It is also important to know that if the deceased has left behind a good, pious child and that child prays and/or performs good deeds, then the (deceased) parents also receive that reward as has been mentioned in the Ahadith of Rasoolullah Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam….and so on

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: Sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); a knowledge which is beneficial, or a virtuous decendant who prays for him (for the deceased)." - Muslim Zakah is a compulsory payment and is neither charity nor a tax. It is expected from every Muslim individual. It is paid on the net balance after a Muslim has spent on basic necessities, family expenses, due credits, donations and taxes.
Zakah provides us with the opportunity of sharing our excess wealth with those less fortunate than ourselves. In fact we and our wealth belong to Allah. He is the real owner and we are merely the trustees of His wealth. We do our duty as trustees if we pay Zakah as an obligatory part of Ibadah. Through the payment of Zakah, the rich share their wealth with the poor and thus the process of concentration of wealth is checked and fair distribution ensured. Zakat literally means to increase. Technically it means to purify one's obsession of wealth by distributing a prescribed amount which has to be given to the poor as a fundamental Ibaadat (worship) Benefits Of Zakah It is stated in the Haadith that by giving Zakaat the following benefits are derived:
• Gaining pleasure of Allah swt;
•Increase in wealth;
•Protection from losses;
•Obtaining Allah's forgiveness and blessings;
•Safety from calamities;
•Protection from the wrath of Allah and from a bad death;
•The Zakaat will provide shelter on the Day of Judgement;
•Security from 70 misfortunes;
•It will serve as a shield from the fires of Jahannam;
•It contributes to longevity;
•It saves from fear and grief; Punishment for not giving Zakah Once rasoolallah (SAS) saw gold bangles on the hands of two women.he enquired if they gave the Zakaat for the bangles. They replied "no." Rasoolallah (SAS) then said: do you wish on the day of Qiyamah that you be made to dress in bangles of fire?" They replied: " no." He then said: 'give Zakaat on them." (Tirmizi) Thanks for Listening!
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