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Transcript of Researchers
Back injuries and back pain are a major issue in nursing
One of the highest risks of injury on all occupations
Major cause of early retirement
Significance of Problem
Nursing is one of the top 10 occupations for work-related musculoskeletal disorders 
Estimated 12% of turnover annually due to back injuries 
>52% nurses complain of chronic back pain and injuries. 
Costs health care industry $20 billion each year 
CINAHL and PubMed.
Search terms: nurs* AND (work related injur* OR occupational injur* OR back injur*) AND (prevention OR intervention OR safety) AND (equipment OR lift OR transfer device) NOT (needle OR sharp OR bloodborne) AND (hospital OR inpatient)
Mandatory education on equipment
Use of lift teams
Use of Injury Prevention Coordinator
Saving Our Backs: A Systematic Review of Body Mechanics vs. Lifting Devices
Increased use of lifting devices as a result of implementation of minimal-lift equipment (lift devices) and behavioral controls (staff training) [1, 2, 6 & 8]
Devices decreased patient-handling injuries in nurses [1, 2, 3, 6, 8]
Decreased turnover rates 
Lift devices increase patient and worker satisfaction [1, 2, 3, 4, 7]
Reduction in medical costs [1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8]
Education on proper body mechanics and/or use of lifting device decrease back injuries. [1, 2]
Personnel designated for lifting can reduce injuries among staff [5, 7]
January 2009 to present
Description of Studies
Small sample sizes
Wide variety of measurement techniques
Unequal representation of our two variables (body mechanics vs. lift equipment)
Relation to Evidence Based Practice:
Research has suggested that lift devices are effective in preventing musculoskeletal injuries. Therefore, hospitals should invest in purchasing lift equipment and implement programs that effectively teach nurses how to use the equipment.
Is using equipment superior to proper body mechanics in reducing nursing work-related injuries?
1. Carta, A., Parmigiani, F., Roversi, A., Rossato, R., Milini, C., Parrinello, G., Apostoli, P., & Alessio,
L., & Porru, S. (2010). Training in safer and healthier patient handling techniques. British Journal of Nursing,19(9), 576-582. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.wisc.edu
2. Dawson, E. (2010). Effect of the Workforce Initiatives Safe Handling Minimal Lift Program on patient care provider injuries, attributable costs and satisfaction. Journal Of The Association Of Occupational Health Professionals In Healthcare, 30(3), 22-26.
3. Hunter, B., Branson, M., & Davenport, D. (2010). Saving costs, saving health care providers' backs, and creating a safe patient environment. Nursing Economic$, 28(2), 130-134.
4. Knoblauch, M., & Bethel, S. (2010). Patient safety. Safe patient-handling program "UPLIFTs" nurse retention.Nursing, 40(2), 67-68. doi:10.1097/01.NURSE.0000367874.18262.ea
5. Kutash, M., Short, M., Shea, J., & Martinez, M. (2009). The lift team's importance to a successful safe patient handling program. Journal Of Nursing Administration, 39(4), 170-175. doi:10.1097/NNA.0b013e31819c9cfd
6. Rogers, B., Buckheit, K., & Ostendorf, J. (2013). Ergonomics and Nursing in Hospital Environments. Workplace Health & Safety,61(10), 429-439. doi:10.3928/21650799-20130916-09
7. Scheonfisch, A., Lipscomb, H., Myers, D., Fricklas, E., and James, T. (2011) A Lift Assist Team in an Acute Care Hospital- Prevention of Injury or Transfer of Risk During Patient-Handling tasks? American Association of Occupationonal Health Nurses Journal 59(8) 329-334.
8. Zadvinskis, I., & Salsbury, S. (2010). Effects of a Multifaceted Minimal-Lift Environment for Nursing Staff: Pilot Results. western journal of nursing research, 32(1), 47-63.
We analyzed the results of:
6 quantitative studies
2 qualitative studies