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Lucy14 Hewson

on 7 December 2014

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Transcript of OPEN ACCESS FOR ALL?

Advantages of access for all?
What are the disadvantages of OA?
In principle, Open Access sounds great. But of course, there are always some disadvantages and it has been predicated that contrary to OA, '90% of online content [could] be held behind a paywall in the coming years' (Lepitak, 2013).


1) A 'financial opportunity exists to
the needs of academics searching for outlets for their research products' (Peterson, 2013). We have therefore seen the rise of
fake academic journals
which 'charge significant publications fees'( Peterson, 2013).

2) There is a 'possibility that publishers would be tempted to
lower their editorial standards
to attract authors who would be happy to see their work published quickly and without too much scrutiny' (Haug, 2013), making the
standard of resources online dwindle.

3) Some are dubious that the economic model of 'free, open access' is in fact
not economically viable
. They feel that it may damage the publishing industry. (Worlock)

If only it were always this easy ....
Sunday, December 7th, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 14
Open access explained...
Open Access in the news
Open Access (OA) is digitized literature such as scholarly articles available online which is 'free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions'. (Suber)

Key features of Open Access:

- Articles are
to read
- Information is
free to re-use

- No
- Researchers across all disciplines can
share their knowledge
, without restrictions

The Open Access movement first came to our attention back in the
when access to the internet became widely available and online publishing became the norm

The embedded video on the right from the
Arizona State University
, provides a great summary of Open Access!

Should this paper be freely available...
So just what is Open Access and when did it come about?

- First and foremost, Open Access
makes students lives
' much easier!

- As The Right to Research Coalition point out, 'if professors can't read it, they can't teach it' or, our education is only as good as the materials and resources on offer to our educators. So Open Access
would improve our education
- as they go onto state, it would provide a more 'complete education'

- Thanks to Open Access,
research can be distributed to a wider audience
, at a
much lower cost
. The sharing of knowledge with everyone would be of great benefit to
developping countries

- Open Access could
bring down the cost of education
' (Wile, Green, Soares, 2012) and that in actual fact, Open Access and the capacity to share academic research is perfect for education as, 'education is first and foremost and entreprise of sharing' (Wile, Green, Soares, 2012)

Check out the Right To Research Coalition movement here: http://www.righttoresearch.org/index.shtm

My opinion on Open Access...
Whilst I understand the concerns linked to Open Access, in particlaur the creation of fraudulent journals and the question of econimic viability,
I am wholeheartedly in favour
of Open Access.

As a
, there is nothing more irritating than researching a key idea only to find that the article you wish to look at is unavailable!

Moreover, the benefits of Open Access
far outweigh the positives
in my mind as the sharing of education / scientific resources, can impact a large number of people and have a positive, educational outcome for a minimal cost. What's not to love about that?

As a wise man once said,
"knowledge is power"
... Why not
empower others
through Open Access?

Haug, C. The Downside of Open-Access Publishing, The New England Journal of Medicine, Available at: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1214750. Accessed: 07/12/14

Lepitak, S. 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests, The Drum, Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests. Accessed: 07/12/14

Peterson, A.Townsend. The Good and the Bad of Open Access Journals, The Huffington Post, Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/a-townsend-peterson/the-good-and-the-bad-of-o_b_4068898.html. Accessed: 07/12/14

Suber,P. Open Access Overview, Available at: http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm. Accessed: 07/12/14

Worlock, K. The Pros and Cons of Open Access, Nature Publishing Group, Available at: http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/34.html. Accessed: 07/12/14

Wiley.D, Green.C, Soares.L, Dramatically Bringing down the Cost of Education with OER: How Open Education Resources Unlock the Door to Free Learning, Available at: http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED535639. Accessed: 07/12/14

Video from:
Arizona State University, Available on Youtube
Images from: http://aoasg.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/cc-by_logo.png, http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v495/n7442/images/495442a-i1.0.jpg and http://openscience.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/access2.jpg
Last two images are screenshots from Google.
Full transcript