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The Founding of the NAACP
Transcript of The Founding of the NAACP
Race riots (esp. Springfield Riot, 1908)
No individuals of color in Congress (first time since 1866)
Plessy v. Ferguson
Migration within US and to Liberia How does the approach of the NAACP compare to other prominent efforts to work towards the advancement of African Americans and other minority groups? The Legal
Advocacy Strategy Background Major Issues Included: The Niagara Movement Image courtesy of Google Images. Founding In, "The Race War in the North," writer William English Walling posed this famous question in response to the race riots: "Yet who realizes the seriousness of the situation, and what large and powerful body of citizens is ready to come to their aid?" Images courtesy of Google Images. ("NAACP") Walling's Challenge Answered... The NAACP was officially founded on February 12, 1909
Mary White Ovington, along with other prominent, white liberals in New York City, in cooperation with W.E.B. DuBois and other African American leaders (majority had been involved in the Niagara Movement). ("NAACP"; Palmowski) W.E.B. DuBois Mary White Ovington Images courtesy of Google Images. What is the significance of the fact that the founders of the NAACP was an interracial group of individuals? Do you think that this type of cooperation continues today within the NAACP? Why or why not? Mission
& Tactic Mission
Political, educational, social, and economic equality for all
The stated mission of the NAACP is"to secure for all people the rights guaranteed in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments to the US Constitution, which promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage, respectively" ("NAACP History")
The NAACP aimed to make advancements through the legal system (i.e. filing lawsuits or supporting legal issues) ("NAACP")
When it first began, the NAACP was particularly focused on "fundraising to finance civil rights litigation and to improve public awareness of the iniquities of segregation and the vital contribution of African Americans to US society" (Palmowski) Image Courtesy of Google Images. Image courtesy of Google Images. Criticism What criticisms do you think that the NAACP faced in terms of its mission and/or approach? Image courtesy of Google Images. The NAACP was criticized by Washington, with the support of others, who believed that "the NAACP's tactic of openly condemning racist policies contrasted with his policy of quiet behind-the-scenes diplomacy" ("NAACP") The NAACP over time... Legal advocacy strategy -- Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
Role in the Civil Rights Movement, despite turbulence
Lobbying and litigation today
Shifts in leadership Image courtesy of Google Images. ("NAACP"; Palmowski) ("NAACP"; "NAACP History"; Palmowski) Image courtesy of Google Images. The Founding of the NAACP By Casey Kramer
English 350: "I've Got a Testimony": Autobiography in African American Narrative
September 25, 2012 Final Thought... “Only by a union of intelligence and sympathy across the color-line in this critical period of the Republic shall justice and right triumph” ~ W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk