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Identifying Context Clues
Transcript of Identifying Context Clues
Finding Context Clues Does the text give a definition after the word? Definition Clue Are there other words that have a similar meaning?
Look for adjectives! Synonym Clue Is the text contrasting two things?
Look for opposites! Contrast Clue Can you use your own knowledge and experience to guess the meaning? Experience Clue Does the text list examples of the unfamiliar word?
Think of categories! Example Clue Do surrounding sentences explain the idea more? Clue from another sentence Example: Mrs. Lynde was a busybody and always watched her neighbours. Example: Anne was vivacious and lively. Example: Anne had a bleak childhood, unlike Diana, who had lots of friends and a caring family. Example: Matthew was very bashful around women and avoided them. He was afraid to talk to them. Example: Anne gave whimsical names to places, like Lovers' Lane, The Lake of Shining Waters, and the White Way of Delight. What are context clues? * other words and phrases in the text that help you guess the meaning of new words * there are several types... Other tricks... * What part of speech is it? Noun, verb, adjective... * Can you put another word you know in its place? * Are there collocations that give you a hint? Example: Matthew and Marilla adopted Anne because she had no parents. “[Anne] had been watching him ever since he passed her and she had her eyes on him now. Matthew was not looking at her and would not have seen what she was really like if he had been, but an ordinary observer would have seen this: A child of about eleven, garbed in a very short, very tight, very ugly dress of yellowish-gray wincey. She wore a faded brown sailor hat and beneath the hat, extending down her back, were two braids of very thick, decidedly red hair. Her face was small, white and thin, also much freckled; her mouth was large and so were her eyes, which looked green in some lights and moods and gray in others.
“…. An extraordinary observer might have seen that the chin was very pointed and pronounced, that the big eyes were full of spirit and vivacity; that the mouth was sweet-lipped and expressive; that the forehead was broad and full; in short, our discerning extraordinary observer might have concluded that no ordinary soul inhabited the body of this stray woman-child of whom shy Matthew Cuthbert was so afraid.” Adapted from Montgomery, L. M. (1908). Chapter II: Matthew Cuthbert Is Surprised. Anne of Green Gables (p 3). Retrieved from http://www.kobobooks.com. “There are plenty of people who can attend closely to their neighbor’s business by neglecting their own; but Mrs. Rachel Lynde was one of those capable people who can manage their own concerns and those of other folks as well. She was a notable housewife; her work was always done and well done….. Yet with all this Mrs. Rachel found abundant time to sit for hours at her kitchen window, knitting “cotton warp” quilts …. and keeping a sharp eye on the main road that crossed the hollow and wound up the steep red hill beyond. Since Avonlea was on a little triangular peninsula jutting out in the Gulf of St. Lawrence with water on two sides of it, anybody who went out of it or into it had to pass over that hill road and so went past Mrs. Rachel’s all-seeing eye.”
Adapted from Montgomery, L. M. (1908). Chapter I: Mrs. Rachel Lynde Is Surprised. Anne of Green Gables (p 1). Retrieved from http://www.kobobooks.com.