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Transcript of Simple past
or "l" as final consonant after a vowel is doubled admit – admitted
travel – travelled Final "y" after a consonant becomes "i" hurry – hurried Exceptions in spelling when adding "ed" Simple Past Forms Most Verbs Most verbs conjugate by adding -ed like the verb "wait" below. Positive Negative Question • I waited.
• You waited.
• We waited.
• They waited.
• He waited.
• She waited.
• It waited. • I did not wait.
• You did not wait.
• We did not wait.
• They did not wait.
• He did not wait.
• She did not wait.
• It did not wait. •Did I wait?
•Did you wait?
•Did we wait?
•Did they wait?
•Did he wait?
•Did she wait?
•Did it wait? Irregular Verbs Many verbs, such as "have," take irregular forms in the Simple Past. Notice that you only use the irregular verbs in statements. In negative forms and questions, "did" indicates Simple Past. Positive Negative Question •I had.
•It had. •I did not have.
•You did not have.
•We did not have.
•They did not have.
•He did not have.
•She did not have.
•It did not have. •Did I have?
•Did you have?
•Did we have?
•Did they have?
•Did he have?
•Did she have?
•Did it have? To Be The verb "be" is also irregular in the Simple Past. Unlike other irregular verbs, there are two Simple Past forms: "was" and "were." It also has different question forms and negative forms. Positive Negative Question •I was.
•It was. •I was not.
•You were not.
•We were not.
•They were not.
•He was not.
•She was not.
•It was not. •Was I?
•Was it? Questions without question words in the Simple Past Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Did Max play football? Yes, No, he he did. did. Did you watch the film yesterday? Yes, No, I I didn't. didn't. BUT: To be Subject Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Were you in Leipzig last week? Yes, No, he he was. wasn't. *** Questions with question words in the Simple Past Question word Subject Auxiliary Rest What When I did my homework. Verb Answer Where did did did you she they do meet go yesterday evening? her boyfriend? after the match? She met him yesterday. They went to a café. Question word Subject Rest **** Answer To be Where were you yesterday? I was at the cinema. BUT: Present Perfect Express an action that is still going on or has stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. Example: Form: S + Have + been + V (P.P) + C
Has I have been talked a lot What's Present Perfect The Key Words are Already, Just, Ever, Never, Not Yet, So far, Till now, Up to now, into others. The Present Perfect Progressive Express an action that recently stopped or is still going but it emphasizes on the duration or course of the action. Form: S + Have + been + V (ING) + C
Has Example: I have been speaking in English
I Haven't been speaking in English Positive Negative S + Have + not + been + V (ING) + C
Has Positive S + Have + not + been + V (P.P) + C
Has Negative Difference between Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive The difference is in the meaning. We use the Present Perfect mainly to express when the action is completed or to emphasize the result. We use the Present Perfect Progressive to emphasize the duration or continues of an action. Example: I have done my homework I have doing my homework I have washed the car Why are you so wet? I have been
washing the car I haven't played the game I haven't been playing that game
for a day 1-) 2-) 3-) 1-) 2-) 3-)