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2.03 The Crusades

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Alexis Fotheringham

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of 2.03 The Crusades

A Call to Arms
Pope Urban was seeing an opening for power in 1095. Pope Urban decided to assist the head of the Byzantine Empire by murdering the Turks. While the Turks are Muslim, and the Pope is Christian, the Pope desires the power to stay elsewhere and not in the hands of people who disbelieves in Christianity.
1097 AD
A skillful army was constructed by merging the French, German, Italian, and Belgium by 1097. By the army achieving a number of 30,000 soldiers, they created a powerful force. Any lands defeated would be given to the Byzantine Empire is what the Pope promised.
The First Crusade
The first crusade was set off by brothers Godfrey and Baldwin of Bouillon. Baldwin created the first Crusader State at Edessa. The crusaders captured Anitach after a long siege. August 1098 the crusaders finally reached Jerusalem. Godfrey died, so Baldwin became the first king of the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem.
2.03 The Crusades
2.03 The Crusades Assignment
Time for you to take on the responsibility of being an international journalist! You are using social media to report the thick of the action of the Crusades! Your assignment is to keep the world updated on what is happening in ten short posts. Remember that as a reporter your job is to remain neutral and report the facts. As you prepare each post, keep the following points in mind:

You should have a total of ten posts.

Check to make sure your reporting is accurate. Others are counting on the right information! State facts, not just opinions.

Include details about the events and the historical figures involved in each time period. Help your reader understand the sequence of events by including dates, if available.

Cite specific locations, and explain their importance. Use at least two maps from this lesson!

Your updates should be thorough, with enough information to be interesting. This means you should write at least three sentences (containing factual information) for each post.
The Crusades Begin
Peter the Hermit, a French monk who created an unorganized army consisting of peasants and soldiers in 1096, Peter and his army created a People's Crusade. Being the special speaker he is, Peter motivated people to fight against the Muslims for the Holy Land. Sadly, the People's Crusade was unsuccessful and almost all crusaders were murdered by Turkish soldiers.
The Second Crusade
The crusades continued over the past 100 years. European lords slaved to keep control over the crusader states being such as Edessa. The Holy Order of Knights fought back when a crusader state was charged against. Emperor Conrad III and King Louis VII were the two powerful monarchs associated. They desired to overtake Damascus instead of defending Edessa so the plan was unsuccessful and majority of the crusaders went home. The crusaders who remained defended Jerusalem.
The Third Crusade
The crusades continued over the past 100 years. European lords slaved to keep control over the crusader states being such as Edessa. The Holy Order of Knights fought back when a crusader state was charged against. Emperor Conrad III and King Louis VII were the two powerful monarchs associated. They desired to overtake Damascus instead of defending Edessa so the plan was unsuccessful and majority of the crusaders went home. The crusaders who remained defended Jerusalem.
1192 AD
For a year, King Richard kept trying to obtain control of Jerusalem, but yet Jerusalem never fell. King Richard just decided to create another idea instead. During this time, be started forming a connection with his enemy Saladin. He never broke through, even after multiple tried at Jerusalem. He did end up making an agreement with Saladin, which was Christians could enter the Holy Land and see their shrines.

The Fourth Crusade
The fourth crusade appears to have not so much power supporting it. With the French Knights leading it, in 1202 they started out for the Holy Land. While getting side tracked on there way there by the Venetian Lords who convinced them to take over the Eastern Orthodox Constantinople instead of retaking the Holy Land. The Pope being a Roman Christian Orthodox and not a Greek Orthodox ruler, that meaning he was selfish to rule another Christian land. When Constantinople was underneath Roman Orthodox's rule, they finally lost the ability to control it to the Muslims.
Fifth and Sixth Crusades
The Seventh Crusade
The fifth crusade was directed by King Andrew II of Hungary, it being a complete failure. First he went to the Holy Land and afterward going to Egypt, his effort was unorganized. The sixth crusade was directed by Frederick II of the Holy Roman Emperor, he gainins back power of Jerusalem.
King Louis IX of France guided two more journeys, which was put together as the seventh crusade. This crusade was unsuccessful to make any regional gains. The final stronghold of Christendom in the Holy Land, Acre, collapsed to the Mamluk Empire in 1291.
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