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Transcript of PERSEPOLIS
Symbols of Rebellion
Religion Revolution Family & Growing Up Symbols of Rebellion Throughout the story characters represent their beliefs by their appearance.
Men may shave, tuck their shirt in and wear a tie in order to show they are progressive
Women may let a few strands of hair show outside their veil to show they are a modern woman
Jewelry and Jeans were prohibited, and therefore people would secretly wear these items in order to separate themselves from the regime in power
Parties and the possession of alcohol were also prohibited Government Control Cruelty Hyperboles Themes Separation from Faith
Tension between Past and Present
Differences in Classes
Modernity vs. Fundamentalism Persepolis Social Status & War Literary Devices By Marjane Satrapi Religious influence in government controls daily activities including clothing and food.
The government is seen as the all-knowing and watchful eye over the people, constantly aware of who is following the rules
THE SHEEP: Metaphor for how the people follow the government blindly, without questioning its ways, just as the sheep follow their shepherd. A shepherd could also be symbolism, as shepherds often appear in religious literature as a leader figure. Sheep could also represent the lack of control that women have over their lives.
THE KEY: The key is a metaphor for the people's relation or connection to religion, and the idea that any cause or effort for religion is good and justified.
THE VEIL: The veil is a symbol for government oppression against women. The veil is a symbol of control of women, and to control what they wear and how they live. The veil itself represents personal identity, and by wearing the veil, women lack the ability to make choices about what they look like. By having women wear the veil, the government makes choices for the future of women. forcible overthrow of a government or social order for a new system.
The actual Iranian revolution happened in January 1978 - February 1979
"To die a martyr is to inject blood into the veins of society"
I believe that this means that a person that dies for a cause, in this case a religious cause, is a person who gives them hope in which in a time like this is something that isn't present. Plot: Persepolis is an auto-biography about a girl named Marjane who lives in Iran in the times of the Iran Revolution & the Iraq-Iran War. She goes through times of religion and revolution. Throughout her childhood, her thoughts on the war change, along with her actions about the war. In this graphic novel, we travel along with Marjane and see her thoughts in this drastic event. http://www.imdb.com/video/imdb/vi280101145/ External Enemy Throughout the story, Marjane grows from a scared kid to a rebellious teenager. This is what changes her experience in the war.
Marjane is a girl with an interesting family with her grandfather being a former prince, her uncle being put into prison multiple times, etc.
At first, Marjane was for religion, however, after influence from her family, she slowly turns into a rebel of the war, making fun of religion.
At one point, when Marjane was a teenager, (pg 107), her aunt dropped her baby int0 Marjane's hands in the sight of the police. External Enemy is the idea that throughout the novel the people of the rebellion have one consistent enemy: the Shah and his followers
The rebellion is fueled by the idea that one day the people will overthrow the Shah and be free of his rule
The people of the rebellion used demonstrations, strikes, and civil resistance as a way to speak out against the shah. Religion In the book, religion is an issue that was talked about often.
The battle, inside the borders of Iran, was mainly about the freedom of religion itself. Many people started rebelling against being forced to follow the Islamic religion.
Focusing on Marjane in particular, as a kid, she wanted to be a prophet. A prophet is a person who follows God's word. However, as she grew up, her idea of God changed as she turned into a rebel who joked about religion. Cruelty mostly exists in Iran because of the governments' necessity to have complete control of power
Cruelty exists in punishment
Punishment exists where there are differing opinions with the government or where actions take place that the government disagrees with
not allowing people to express themselves is also a form of cruelty in comparison to life in the United States Personification
Flashback (entire book) Personification Symbolism Metaphors THANKS FOR WATCHING!!! Marji personifies the idea of God throughout the story, displaying God as a grown man. pg 61: Contrast symbolizes Good vs. Bad
pg 77: Magic carpet symbolizes joy
pg 78: Black cloud symbolizes war
pg 78, 79: Contrast symbolizes Peace vs. Suffering
pg 117: Cigarette symbolizes adulthood
pg 95: Children hitting themselves is like violence in the war, self-punishment for the pain the martyrs have suffered Analogy Other Things to Add pg 102: Comparing Punk Rock to the War pg 70: Marjane yells at God
(Separation of Faith)
pg. 1: Marjane talks about the veil
(Government power and religious influence) In many graphic novels, we have the idea of 'otherness' or the 'other.' Persepolis is no exception.
Within the novel, one specific group is targeted: women. Their treatment is unfair, and provides a double standard for men. This also provides a bad reputation for men, saying that they can't control their 'desires.'
In this graphic novel, women would be considered the 'other.' Because women are different from men, and because of their role in religion, men believe that they can control all Iranian women's lives. Social status is a prevalent conflict in the novel
First seen on pages 35-37, when the family maid falls in love with a neighbor who is of much higher social status
In rage, Marji cries "But is it her fault that she was born where she was born?!"
War was also a central conflict to the novel
Marji not only experiences the Iraq/Iran War that is external, but also her own internal wars
Marji struggles with coming of age and dealing with the harsh realities of her life
She instigates her own rebellion against the establishments of her time, like the confining role of women
For example, on page 143 Marjane wears a bracelet to school even though it is not allowed for women to wear jewellry
She refuses to remove it, going so far to struggle with the principal and accidentally hitting her Satrapi uses hyperbole in her artwork
She exaggerates features (like showing the women almost entirely comprised of their traditional wear) in order to emphasize points Graphic Novel Devices/ Graphic Novel Layout Satrapi uses evenly sized panels that do not differ in layout or shape.
The only colors used within the novel are black and white, and Satrapi uses a very minimalistic style when drawing her characters
The graphic novel layout is very even and appealing with no bleed panels of full-page spreads
Some onomatopoeia is used, but not very commonly. Trailer