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Figurative Language

Assignment for English

Kelsie Lounsbury

on 6 October 2012

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative Language Similes A comparison using like or as. Metaphors Similar to similes but instead of using like or as it uses are. Using a word in the place of something associated with it. Metonymy Synecdoche Replacing a whole for a part or a part for a whole. I.E. any generic brand name, like Coke, Band-aid, or Kleenex. Puns A purposeful confusion words based on the fact that they sound similar Examples: Dish for a plate of food. Lend me your hand. Meaning help me not literally give me your hand. Examples: He got a new set of wheels, he actually got a new car not new wheels. All hand on deck, meaning all sailors on deck. Examples: Helicopter rescue pilots have the most successful pick-up lines. Squares and triangles agree, circles are pointless Examples: This room looks like a pig sty. He is as strong as an ox. I slept like a baby. Examples: America is a melting pot. People flocked to see it. His head was spinning. It wasn't long before things turned sour. Oxymoron Using two words together that are contradictory Examples: Living dead, Salty sweet. Jumbo shrimp. Pretty ugly. Personification The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman. Examples: Opportunity was knocking at her door. Once it went on sale, it flew off the shelves. I didn't trip the floor attacked me. Onomatopoeia A word coming from the association of sound and meaning Examples: Sizzle, boom, clank, clap, bark, meow, chirp, moo, ect. Assonance Repeating vowel sounds Examples: Bake your cake and eat quickly. Try to light the fire. Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese. Alliteration Repeating consonant sounds but not always at the beginning of a word. Examples: Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore. She picked up the plump peach. Lovely lizards live lazily. Repetition The action of repeating something that has already been said or written Examples: Everyday I have to brush my teeth, I have to clean my room, and I have to take a shower. We wait. We wait in line, we wait for answers, we wait for new technology. We wait. Parallelism Expressing two ideas of equal importance through similar phrasing Examples: Every night, I go for a walk, brush my teeth and read a book before going to my bed. Eating, sleeping and watching T.V. is what I do on my lazy days. Apostrophe Addressing an imaginary person or object as though it were alive. Examples: So death, we meet again. I know not which way I must look for comfort. This week ran by fast! Hyperbole Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Examples: My neighbor was so loud last night that he woke up the sun. I ran so much, I died. I was buried beneath a pile of homework. Allusion An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference Examples:I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s. He was a real Romeo with the ladies. Chocolate was her Achilles’ heel. Connotation An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning. Examples: The man had a lion heart. She called her husband an old goat. Childish and childlike implies that someone is immature, but youthful infers that someone is lively and energetic
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