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Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transcript of Countable and Uncountable Nouns
and Adjectives Adjectives With Countable and Uncountable Nouns Definition of Count and Noncount Nouns Uses of Count and Noncount Nouns What are count and noncount nouns? Countable Nouns Noncountable Nouns -can be expressed in a plural form
-usually with an "s" -usually cannot be expressed in plural form -countable and noncountable nouns only matter with certain adjectives Countable Nouns -refer to things that exist as separate and distinct individual units
-usually refer to what can be perceived by the senses Examples -boy
-worm Noncountable Nouns -refer to things that can't be counted because they are thought of as wholes that can't be cut into parts
-often refer to abstractions and occasionally have a collective meaning Examples -dirt
-yarn Examples -"A worm crawled out of the mud lump."
-That boy is from another planet."
-"Eating a doughnut is healthy and nutritious for the body." Examples -"There is dirt everywhere."
-"I added chlorine to the pool."
-"I need more yarn." Note: -these are just general rules
-there are exceptions Pluralizing Rule Exception -Most countable nouns pluralize with -s -Noncountable nouns don't pluralize at all -certain nouns have a both count and noncount meaning "There is so much noise coming from outside."
"There is no more room left for anyone else."
"I am almost done with all my work." "The noises the animal makes are so unfamiliar. "
"How many rooms are in this house?"
"This book is one of the greatest nonfiction works." Noise noncount refers to sound in general Noise count refers to different kinds of noise Room noncount refers to space nouncount Room count refers to how many rooms there are Work noncount refers to some sort of activity Work count refers to a piece of literature,art, etc. For these nouns... Noncount Count is abstract and general is concrete and specific Note: Sometimes a usually noncount noun can be understood as one item separate and distinct from the others in this category. These nouns usually denote foods and beverages. Noncount Count food drink wine bread coffee fruit foods drinks wines breads coffees fruits +s Articles Combinations of Nouns and Articles Quantity Terms choosing which article to use depends on whether the noun is 1) count or noncount
2) singular or plural Countable Nouns can take singular or plural form Concrete Nouns Proper Nouns Collective Nouns some Uncountable Nouns can only take singular form Abstract Nouns Concrete Nouns some are uncountable when considered in undivided sense may be countable Sometimes uncountable nouns may be pluralized when used in a countable sense. Uncountable nouns used in a countable sense Uncountable Sense Countable Sense Using Articles with Countable and Uncountable Nouns A countable noun An uncountable noun -Singular: takes either the indefinite (a, an) or the definite (the)
-Plural: takes the definite (the) when it refers to a definite specific group and no article if used in a general sense -never takes the indefinite article (a, an), but does take singular verbs
-"The" is sometimes used with uncountable nouns to refer to a specific object, group, or idea Quantity Adjectives with Countable and Uncountable Nouns Some/Any Both words modify either countable or uncountable nouns Much/Many -Much: modifies only uncountable nouns
-Many: modifies only countable nouns A lot of, Lots of informal substitutes for "much" and "many" Little, Quite a little, Few, Quite a few -Little and Quite a little: modify only uncountable nouns
-Few and Quite a few: modify only countable nouns A little bit of, Quite a bit of -informal phrases
-usually precede uncountable nouns Enough -modifies both countable and uncountable nouns Plenty of -modifies both countable and uncountable nouns No modifies both countable and uncountable nouns Categories of Uncountable Nouns -"I need a dozen cats for my lonely friend."
-"Her best friends are all calculators." -"She only attracts swarms of bees."
-"She sadly watched as her friends received bouquets of flowers."
- I married a man named Jethro who is homeless and addicted to drugs, and has laser bad breath and visible butt cleavage.
- These houses have been demolished by the earthquake.
- The water from the pond has given me hypothermia. Examples: Examples: - Her curiosity led her to a deeper understanding of the concepts in the textbook.
- Her compassion led her to adopt Jethro, saving him from the horrors of living in the streets. - He rubbed oil on his legs and shaved them in an attempt to have smooth skin. Many boys think they are cool and shout "What a success!" Throughout life, you will experience successes and failures. -"The Vikings attempted to row away, but they were eaten by Toothless the dragon.
-"The tourists asked for directions to Olive Garden, but the New Yorkers told them where to find an actual Italian restaurant." Countable Singular: Countable Plural Noncountable: e
-All of the chlorine gas escaped the beaker, causing a few near-death incidents in 4th period chemistry.
-Too many girls were looking for Jethro's hand in marriage, which led to many catfights.
-Every student failed the test on countable nouns. -"Why is there so much homework?"
-"There are many opportunities to bring your grade up."
-"There are some grammatical errors on the essay."
-"Is there any water left for the Cup Noodles?" -"There is so little time for so many assignments."
-"There are so few errors in this essay." -"There are a lot of deer in the meadow."
-"We get lots of rain in the winter." -"There is a little bit of foil in my mouth."
-"There is a little bit of toothpaste on your nose." -"Do we have enough water to survive a drought?"
-"I don't need to be social because I have enough cats." -"There are plenty of Cup Noodles left in the cupboard."
-"There are plenty of dogs in the pound." -"There is no chlorine to inhale."
-"There are no boys in this room."