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The History, Culture and Cuisine of Japan
Transcript of The History, Culture and Cuisine of Japan
Takeo 75, Keiko 75 & Kama 100
Sayo 51, Kazuo 53, Maya 14, Mio 17
The Ukitas of Kodaira Village
The Matsudas of Yomitan Village
Mandatory Stretching at Work
84-96 % Shinto
Tokyo Stock Exchange
Pop = 127,333,002
Metro Tokyo = 33,750,000
Just a little smaller than California
Pop Density = 873
Urban pop = 66%
Life Expectancy 78/85
Fertility Rate = 1.4
Caloric Intake = 2,761
Annual Alcohol Consumption =
GDP = 26,940
Overweight Pop = 25/19
Obese Pop = 2/2
% of Pop 20 and older with Diabetes = 6.7%
Annual Meat consumption = 97 lbs
Annual Fish Consumption per person = 146 lbs
Annual Cigarette consumption = 3,023
Year in which Beer Vending machines were voluntarily banned = 2000
World #1 Life Expectancy Rating = Okinawa
Number of centenarians per 100,000 in Okinawa = 33.6 as compared to same stat in other industrialized countries = 10
% of centenarians that are female = 85.7%
American Military personnel in Okinawa = 25,000 taking up some 20% of the land.
Whereas Okinowans under the age of 50 for levels of obesity, liver disease, cardiovascular disease, and premature death are ranked first in all of Japan.
# of McDonalds = 3,891 & the Ebi Burger
3rd largest Economy in the world with the largest national debt
Natural Hot Springs
Prehistory and Ancient History
This period is shrouded in mystery and legend. The important stuff for you to know is:
by 500 BC metallurgy and wet-rice farming were introduced from Korea and China.
While Shinto, the indigenous religion of Japan, has been there as long as have people, Buddhism began to be present in Japanese society by 300 BC.
major smallpox epidemic in 735-736 wiped out nearly 1/3 of the population
by 784 the title of Emperor is being used
the Heinan Period (784-1185) marks the rise of a distinctly Japanese language, culture and practice of synchretistic Buddhism
Feudal Era 12th-19th C.
Rise of the Emperor, Shogun, Daimyo and the Samurai
Emperor is seen as holy, literally as the divine symbol of the nation.
Was a family position, passed from father to son.
The emperor was in utter and complete control of the lives of his subjects, but was also often very aloof and separate from them.
The day to day ruling of the empire fell to the Shogun. He was a subject of the emperor, yet in charge of everything.
The Shogun in turn ruled through Daimyo who were basically feudal lords who had control over an area. Under the Diamyo were the Samurai
The Samurai were basically knights whose lives were controlled through a rigid system called Bushido which was a code of honour and conduct.
Part of Bushido was the control and subjugation of women, who were valued, but seen as property.
Finally, holding up the whole system were the peasants who had no rights, no say and no way of advancement from their land.
Modern Era Early 19th Century to present
The cycle of trade, exchange and isolation
During the 16th century, traders and Jesuit missionaries from Portugal reached Japan for the first time initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West.
However, during the 16th century the Tokugawa Shogunate enacted a policy called Sakoku which literally means "closed country". This policy effectively closed off Japan from the outside world.
Japan did not reopen its borders to outsiders until 1854 when Commodore Perry came with a fleet and talked them into playing nice.
Shogun resigns which leads to the Boshin War and ultimately the Meiji restoration, a period characterized by the adoption of western institutions, dress, political forms, and weaponry.
Joined WWI on the side of the Allies which enabled Japan to expand its control of the region. By 1932 dropped out of the League of Nations after its annexation of Manchuria was roundly condemned.
Signed agreements of alliance with Nazi Germany, and of non-interference with the Soviet Russia.
December 7th 1941 bombed Pearl Harbour which brought the US into WWII
After nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan agreed to an unconditional surrender effectively ending the empire of Japan.
Joined the UN in 1956 and very quickly became the second largest economy in the world. They were surpassed by China in 2010.
Recorded the largest earthquake in history in 2011 which triggered the Fukushima-Daiishi nuclear disaster.