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Chapter 3 Variability

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Peter Dunn

on 23 March 2017

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Transcript of Chapter 3 Variability

Your perspective influences everything you think and do.
Even how you respond to your students in the classroom.
Example 1:
The McGurk Effect
Influence of Perspective on the U.S. Education
1916 - Louis M. Terman and his Stanford University Grad Team complete the Stanford-Binet Individual Intelligence Test and the concept of the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is born.
1953 - B.F. Skinner's "Science and Human Behavior" is published, emphasizing change is a result of the applying positive and negative reinforcement.
1965 - Lyndon Johnson's "War on Poverty" brings federal dollars (Title 1) to help low-income students.
1969 - Herbert Kohl's "Open Classroom" promotes student-centered, active, holistic learning.
1975 - Federal Law requires F.A.P.E. suited to individual student needs for all "handicapped" children.
2014 - As schools open in the fall of 2014, a demographic milestone occurs. For the first time, minority students enrolled in K-12 public schools outnumber non-hispanic Caucasians.
2016 - Federal Government states that districts must "allow transgender students to use bathrooms that matched their gender identity" or face laswsuits and loss of federal funds.
Hargreaves and Fullan (2012)
"No matter how much schools insisted otherwise, most schools and classrooms still plan as if all students were the same."
(page 35)
Influence of Perspective on the U.S. Education
1635 - Boston Latin Grammar School is established, designed for sons of certain social classes who are destined for leadership positions in church, state, or the courts.
1642 - Massachusetts Bay School Law is passed, requiring parents to ensure that their children know the principles of religion and the capital laws of the commonwealth.
1690 - John Locke publishes "Concerning Human Understanding" which represents the human mind as a blank slate at birth and knowledge is not innate, rather learned through experiences.
1734 - Christian Wolff introduces "Faculty Psychology", stressing that the mind is developed through "mental discipline" and "tedious drill".
1852 - The first mandatory attendance laws (Massachusetts). By 1885, 16 states have compulsory attendance laws. By 1918, all states have them.
Chapter 3:

Variability Perspective


Lesson Planner

Am I assuming this will meet everyone's needs?
or that some just won't get it anyway?
Typical or Atypical
Disadvantaged or Non-Disadvantaged
Disable or Non-Disabled
Minority or Non-Minority

UDL is not another way of labeling or categorizing students. Rather, UDL offers a Lesson Design that will benefit every student, without the need for labels. (36)
- the process of acquiring knowledge and skills as we interact with the world around us.
1. Get Attention
by engaging students and recruiting interest. Make sure they can see it, hear it, and act on it.
2. Sustain Effort
by making it relevant, moving from initial Attention to Working Memory (5-10 minutes)
3. Construct Deeper Understanding
by making it meaningful and connecting it to emotions, moving from Working Memory to Long Term Memory.
4. Support them in Applying
the lesson as they extend, present, and share what they have learned and encourage student-initiated growth as it becomes important to them.

People will forget what you said.
People will forget what you did.
But People will never forget
how you made them feel.
Maya Angelou
In 1970, Ormandy received the
Presidential Medal of Freedom
for bringing to each performance, something more precious than his great gifts...the giving of HIMSELF.
Affective Network

How can I stimulate Interest and Motivation for Learning?

Strategic Network
How can I provide options for students to express what they know?

Recognition Network
How can I Present Information
and content in a variety of ways?
Full transcript