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Artificial Sweeteners

For a mothers group interested in everyday science
by

sara pasic

on 27 April 2014

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Transcript of Artificial Sweeteners

ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS
What are Artificial Sweeteners?
Artificial sweeteners are substances used instead of sugar itself. They may also be called ''sugar substitutes.'' (Sweeteners - Artificial, 2012)
Functions?
Artificial sweeteners can be used for a variety of things including:
maintaining/losing weight.
controlling diabetes
preventing tooth decay/cavities
(Artificial Sweeteners and Other Sugar Substitutes, 2012).
There are virtually no calories in artificial sweeteners due to their chemical makeup.
(Artificial Sweeteners and Other Sugar Substitutes, 2012).
Examples of Artificial Sweeteners
There are many types of artificial sweeteners.
Ones used frequently in diet soft drinks or in preservative containing foods include:
Acesulfame K
Aspartame
Neotamine
Saccharin
Sucralose
The sugar association, n.d)

Chemistry behind artificial sweeteners
Acesulfame K:
Molecular Formula: C4H4KNO4S
Average mass: 201.24
This Artificial Sweetener is used in oral hygiene products, foods and beverages.
(The Sugar Association, n.d.)
Aspartame:
Molecular Formula:C14H18N2O5
Average Mass: 294.30
This Artificial Sweetener is 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is broken down into amino acids and methanol and isnt stable at high temperatures.
(The Sugar Association, n.d.)
Sucralose:
Molecular Formula: C12H19Cl3O8
Average Mass: 397.63
This artificial sweetener is made from sucralose and is 600 times sweeter than sugar. Sucralose is the most heat stable artificial sweetener and for this reason it is used in various foods and beverages such as diet coke.
(The Sugar Association, n.d.)
Conclusion
Artificial sweeteners are seen everywhere, everyday. The graph on the right shows how the demand for these substances has gone up and the Youtube video after explains these sweeteners in more detail.
KEEP EVERYTHING IN MODERATION
Whats important to know is that too much of anything is bad. Mothers should keep this in mind especially due to having children.
But What is Organic Chemistry?
Organic chemistry is basically focusing on the element 'Carbon' due to it being important to all living organisms. (Zumdahl & Decoste, 2005)
Carbon has 4 electrons in its outer shell.
When carbon is bonded to a hydrogen (most common), electrons are shared and this is called a
hydrocarbon.
methane
Artificial sweeteners are usually made from organic compounds, which shows its relevance.
An example is: Saccharin

(Graham, 2004)
References
Zumdahl, S., & Decoste, D. (2008).
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Artificial Sweeteners and Other Sugar Substitutes. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/artificial-sweeteners/art-20046936
The Sugar Association. (n.d.). Artificial Sweeteners. Retrieved from http://www.sugar.org/other-sweeteners/artificial-sweeteners/
Chemical Heritage Foundation. (2005). What is Organic Chemistry? Retrieved from http://www.chemheritage.org/percy-julian/activities/2b.html
Sweeteners - Artificial. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007492.htm
Graham, P. (2004). Organic Chemistry. London, NY: Bios Scientific
Sara Pasic 17756439
British Nutrition. (2013). Low Calorie Sweeteners - Discover the Truth. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com /watch?v=Eo77x2P70bI
(Chemical heritage Foundation, 2005)
(Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2005)
(Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2005)
Elkaim, Y. (n.d.). Artificial Sweeteners Side Effects. [Graph] Retrieved from http://www.supernutritionacademy.com/artificial-sweeteners-side-effects/
(Elkaim, n.d.)
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