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The Hero's Journey Through the Heart of Darkness
Transcript of The Hero's Journey Through the Heart of Darkness
Return With the Elixir
This is the final stage where the Hero will finally return to the normal world. Throughout his journey he will have grown as a person, faced many dangers, learned more about himself, or maybe even died but now he will be able to look forward to the rest of his life.
After conquering the ordeal alive the hero will often emerge a new person, because he has either gained an object of great importance, power, greater knowledge or insight, or even finding the one their heart so yearned for.
Crossing the Threshold
The hero commits to leaving the Ordinary World and entering a new region or condition with unfamiliar rules and values.
Meeting with the Mentor
This is usually “the great unknown”, and the Hero will make final preparations, sometimes reflect upon his journey, and essentially “gut check” himself before taking that final leap into the cave.
-The crew delve deeper and deeper into the jungle along the Congo and recognize themselves distancing from humanity as they know it
- Marlow and the crew decide to take a day of rest here before delving deeper into the jungle becaue the water is too low
Joseph Campbell's Monomyth
- Joseph Campbell, and American mythologist created a basic pattern to describe the typical journey of a hero in a novel.
- It has 12 main stages as described in his book "A Hero with a Thousand Faces"
- Present in Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" as Marlow undergoes a journey of self-discovery
The Ordinary World
The Call to Adventure
Refusal of the Call
Tests, Allies, and Enemies
The Road Back
The hero is introduced sympathetically, shown against a background of environment, heredity, and personal history. Some kind of polarity in the hero's life is causing stress
- Marlow is aboard the Nellie, telling his companions about his voyage into Africa.
- He has loved maps and travel since childhood.
- He is searching for a ship to set sail for a new voyage.
Something shakes up the situation, either from external pressures or from something rising up from deep within, so the hero must face the beginnings of change
- Marlow is fascinated with the Congo's "snake-like" shape, and thinks he can get a job as steamboat captain for a nearby trading company
- Marlows Aunt has connections with this trading Company and get's him the job.
- Marlow does not express any feelings of doubt or uncertainty.
- Marlow learns about the last Steamboat captain that died in a fight with the Natives he encountered along the Congo.
The hero feels the fear of the unknown and tries to turn away from the adventure, however briefly. Alternately, another character may express the uncertainty and danger ahead.
Sometimes in the form of an inner conflict with oneself, or a physical test or battle, but either way this will be his most difficult challenge, and the Hero must overcome this to survive.
This is essentially the reverse of the call to power, except one will feel proud, or have a sense of vindication. Sometimes the moment before the Hero finally commits to the last stage of his journey he will have to choose between his own personal objective or that of a higher cause.
As if the Hero has not already had enough, this is his final most difficult test. It is far beyond him, therefore the consequences are much greater than him, yet if he succeeds it will result in another rebirth into a more complete being.
-Marlow and crew are attacked by the natives, as the indigenous people begin throwing spears at the boat all along their journey.
-After the death of a few crew members, and the Ship is attacked Marlow sounds the ship horn, scarying away the attack.
-Marlow thinks his search for Kurtz is over.
-As they get deeper into the jungle Marlow can make out an out post, and finds joy in realizing its the inner station.
-Kurtz is at the inner station and Marlow and crew are happy to realize they got what they set out for.
- As they are headed back Kurtz is pulled back into the Jungle during the night.
- Marlow is left to chase him in order to make sure their journey into the uncivilized, and unknown wasn't all for nothing.
- Kurtz falls sick on the ship and is left in the care of the crew members, but it soon becomes evident that he will not make it back to the ordinary world alive.
- Kurtz gives Marlow some papers and books to take back home to his loved one, but on his death bed Kurtz' final words are, "The Horror! The Horror". Those words cut deepest into Marlow as they also brought him closest to his descent into the darkness.
- Marlow returns home to realize that he has a whole new outlook on the many aspects of life than the rest of society does.
- He has more knowledge about the darkness within someone.
- In Finding Nemo Marlin is the hero as he tries to parent Nemo in the Big Blue Sea.
- The Ordinary world is the normal everyday community seen as Marlin takes Nemo to school.
- While as school Nemo and his childish friends dare each other to touch the "butt"
- The call to adventure is when Nemo gets captured by the divers while "butt touching".
- The refusal to the call occurs when Marlin begins to contemplate going into Big Blue to rescue his son
-Marlin is a very protective, scary guy before he sets out on his journey
The hero comes across a seasoned traveler of the worlds who gives him or her training, equipment, or advice that will help on the journey. Or the hero reaches within to a source of courage and wisdom.
- Marlow has no mentor that trains him, however he has his aunt who persuades him to get the job, and is always there for him.
- Marlow signs his contract while the three old knitting ladies stare right through him (Guardians of the Threshold)
-Marlow gets off the steamboat at the company's station, and views the natives for the first time and how they are being mistreated.
- Marlow hears about Kurtz for the first time
The hero is tested and sorts out allegiances in the
- Marlow begins his 200 mile journey with 60 men.
- lasts 15 days, before he finds out his ship has been wrecked. Then he travels on after he fixes his ship to Kurtz.
- On the way to Kurtz, Marlow encounters things that seem to slow him down. Mainly natives that attack them.
Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1990. Print.
http://members.optusnet.com.au/~mgoodin68/archtype.htm#The Threshold Guardian
- Marlin is clueless as to where he is at after he frantically chases the boat into the big blue
- Dory comes to his rescue and guides him through the ocean.
- Marlin crosses the threshold when he swims after the boat.
- This is a great significance because at the beginning of the movie we learn that going into the sea is one of his biggest fears.
- Marlin hasn't swam in the big ocean since his wife has died.
-Marlin and Dorothy encounter many enemies, allies and test throughout there journey to P Sherman 42 Wallaby Way Sydney (Turtles, Sharks, Jellyfish etc.)
- One of the many test would be Marlin and Dorothy's mad dash through the Jelly fish infested water
- Marlin and Dory meet Crush after the jellyfish incident, and he helps them get across the current.
- Nemo is almost taken by Darla, and she is representative of all fish from the tank that have died.
- Marlin tells Dory to go away, his believes he can find Nemo on his own and is experiencing an inner conflict
- Marlin gets Nemo back with the help of the seagulls and Dory.
- Nemo goes down the drain in the doctor's office and ends up in the sea.
- Dory finds Nemo and helps him get back to Marlin.
- After Marlin gets Nemo back, Dory gets caught in a net.
- Nemo goes to help Dory and at first Marlin says no, but then lets Nemo go.
- This proves that Marlin is a hero because he finally lets Nemo go out on his own and help save Dory and all the other fish.
- Nemo pretends to act dead when he is given to Darla.
-He doesn't want to be given to her because all of her fish end up dead, and if he goes with Darla there is no chance for him to get back to his dad.
- Marlin returns back to their part of the sea with Nemo and finally lets Nemo go to school.
- He isn't as overprotective and they live a much happier life.