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Sentence Structures

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by

Ivan Sturgeon

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Sentence Structures

Sentence
A sentence's structure is determined by the number and kinds of clauses it contain.
A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause.
Simple
I ate ice cream.
Remember, it doesn't necessarily mean the sentence is short.
After school, Bill and I ate the delicious frozen ice cream and the warm and gooey cookies.
Compound
A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses.
I ate ice cream, but my friend ate cookies.
Usually, the two independent clauses are separated by a comma and a conjunction.
A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
Complex
When dinner was over, I ate ice cream for dessert.
dependent clause
independent clause
Use a comma to separate the clauses when the dependent clause is before the independent clause.
independent clause
independent clause
A compound/complex sentence consists of two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
Compound/Complex
I ate ice cream for dessert when dinner was over,

but my friend ate cookies.
independent clause
dependent clause
independent clause
Sentence:
A group of words that contain a subject, a verb, and expresses a complete idea.

Clause:
A group of words that contain a subject and verb. There are two kinds.

Independent Clause:
Can stand alone

Dependent Clause:
Cannot stand alone
Vocabulary
Structure
Full transcript