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Ancient Roman VS. Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs

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Roberto Diaz

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Roman VS. Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs

Ancient Greek VS. Ancient Roman Religious Beliefs Ancient Greek Religion The most important thing in life is to believe in the gods and perform the proper sacrifices and rituals The major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia and Hera; Which are a big part of their religion. The Greeks focus their entire life and life-style around the gods and pleasing the gods. Sometimes animal sacrifices would be performed here, with most of the flesh eaten, and the offal burnt as an offering to the gods. Offerings, often of wine, would be offered to the gods as well, not only at shrines. Zeus is the mightiest of all gods. Greek ceremonies and rituals were mainly performed at altars. These typically were devoted to one, or a few, gods, and contained a statue of the particular deity upon it. Many things would be left at the altar, such as food, drinks, as well as precious objects. Greek religion and much emphasis was placed on pleasing the Gods in order to live a life free of oppression and hardship
The Greeks believed that the Gods would offer protection and guide their city-states. Ancient Roman Beliefs Believed in many gods and generally; worshipped the earth, sea, sun, sky and various other elements of nature; pagan religion

Worshipped out of fear

believed everything has a spirit

Sacrifices preformed; gods would be happy and help “Borrowed” gods form Greek ; not same definitely conceived personality (were cold and formal)

Throughout modern world, ancient roman religion is known as world’s first and most famous pagan religions believed, if they appeased the gods, they would bless; if disobeyed gods or angered them, they would be punished severely.

Citizens were not forced to worship or believe in the gods

To people that believed in the gods, service to them was a daily duty.

The head of every family was the priest and the children were his assistants; Religion was in the hands of the state officials. Romans had five religious posts Pontiffs established an early criminal code, advised chief magistrates, and created a calendar with dates of religious festivals, special events, and holidays. The Pontiff term lasted for life The Haruspex was a priest that was highly acknowledged by the people. Augurs interrupted and supervised auspices that were used to decide if the gods approved the government’s actions. Augurs term was for life. Flamens were chief priests (represented Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus)
Vestal Virgins looked after the sacred fire of Vestal, the goddess of hearth, and made sure that it burned. The romans believed that the extinguishing of the flame meant that the destruction of the city was imminent. Similarities Believed in many gods and goddesses

Both believed that the earth had a soul

Performed sacrifices and rituals to appease the gods
Both believe in the same gods(same roles and duties) References "Ancient Greek Civilization (historical Region, Eurasia)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/244231/ancient-Greek-civilization>.”

“Greco-Roman Religious Beliefs." Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/greco-roman/beliefs.htm>.

"Religion in Ancient Greece." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Oct. 2012. Web. 11 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_ancient_Greece>.

"Religion in Ancient Rome."Religion in Ancient Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.richeast.org/htwm/greeks/romans/bass/index.html>.

"The Romans." The Classics Pages: Antony Kamm's '': 4.7 The Religion of the State. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.the-romans.co.uk/state.htm>.

"An Augur." Instructional Technology Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.laits.utexas.edu/moore/node/398>. By: Carolina Rocha, Kasey Simpkins, Roberto Diaz, and Cole Davis
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