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Ancient Roman VS. Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs
Transcript of Ancient Roman VS. Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs
The Greeks believed that the Gods would offer protection and guide their city-states. Ancient Roman Beliefs Believed in many gods and generally; worshipped the earth, sea, sun, sky and various other elements of nature; pagan religion
Worshipped out of fear
believed everything has a spirit
Sacrifices preformed; gods would be happy and help “Borrowed” gods form Greek ; not same definitely conceived personality (were cold and formal)
Throughout modern world, ancient roman religion is known as world’s first and most famous pagan religions believed, if they appeased the gods, they would bless; if disobeyed gods or angered them, they would be punished severely.
Citizens were not forced to worship or believe in the gods
To people that believed in the gods, service to them was a daily duty.
The head of every family was the priest and the children were his assistants; Religion was in the hands of the state officials. Romans had five religious posts Pontiffs established an early criminal code, advised chief magistrates, and created a calendar with dates of religious festivals, special events, and holidays. The Pontiff term lasted for life The Haruspex was a priest that was highly acknowledged by the people. Augurs interrupted and supervised auspices that were used to decide if the gods approved the government’s actions. Augurs term was for life. Flamens were chief priests (represented Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus)
Vestal Virgins looked after the sacred fire of Vestal, the goddess of hearth, and made sure that it burned. The romans believed that the extinguishing of the flame meant that the destruction of the city was imminent. Similarities Believed in many gods and goddesses
Both believed that the earth had a soul
Performed sacrifices and rituals to appease the gods
Both believe in the same gods(same roles and duties) References "Ancient Greek Civilization (historical Region, Eurasia)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/244231/ancient-Greek-civilization>.”
“Greco-Roman Religious Beliefs." Ancient Greek Religious Beliefs. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/greco-roman/beliefs.htm>.
"Religion in Ancient Greece." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Oct. 2012. Web. 11 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_ancient_Greece>.
"Religion in Ancient Rome."Religion in Ancient Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://www.richeast.org/htwm/greeks/romans/bass/index.html>.
"The Romans." The Classics Pages: Antony Kamm's '': 4.7 The Religion of the State. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.the-romans.co.uk/state.htm>.
"An Augur." Instructional Technology Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.laits.utexas.edu/moore/node/398>. By: Carolina Rocha, Kasey Simpkins, Roberto Diaz, and Cole Davis