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Sociological Point of View

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Ryan Garnett

on 1 May 2017

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Transcript of Sociological Point of View

Sociological Point of View
Chapter 1
Functionalist Perspective
Function = Purpose
Sociology
Social science that studies human society and social behavior
Social Sciences
Science - study through observation & experiment
Who Am I?
Sociological Imagination: The ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life
Social Phenomena: observable facts or events that involve human society
Social - relating to society
Sociology - study of society and social behavior through observation
Anthropology - Study of past & present cultures
Psychology - study of individual behavior and mental processes
Economics - study of the choices people make in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants
Other Social Sciences
History - study of past human events
Political Science - Study of the organization and operations of governments
August Comte
Karl Marx
Emile Durkheim
Max Weber
Jane Addams
Harriet Martineu
Founder of sociology
The first to apply the scientific method to Sociology
Coined the term "Sociology"
Herbert Spencer
"Survival of the Fittest"
"Social Darwinism"
Social is change is society's evolution toward stability & perfection
Inspired by the changes of the Industrial Revolution
Communist Manifesto
Industrial Revolution
Class Struggles
Proletariat vs. Bourgeoisie
Conflict Perspective
1889, Hull House
Welfare, educational, & recreational services
Social Worker
Industrialization & Urbanization
Theory and Practice of Society in America, 1837
Set standard of objectivity in Sociology
Focused on the effect of the society on the individual
Verstehen - attempt to understand meanings individuals attach to their actions
Ideal Type - description comprised of the essential characteristics of a feature of society
1st to utilize the scientific method in Sociology
Only study what is observable
Function of Religion in maintaining social order
Shared beliefs & values are the glue of society
Suicide
Rapid Change = Social Problems
Civil War
Women's Suffrage
Prohibition & Repeal
Civil Rights 1960s
Gay Marriage Movement, 2000s
Anomie is "purposelessness:
Suicide results from personal factors but also the inability to find a role/purpose in society
"Society is a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system"
Family?
Education?
Religion?
Dysfunctional - negative consequence an element has on stability
Manifest Function - intended consequence of an element
Latent Function - unintended consequence of an element of society
Conflict Perspective
"Focus on the forces in society that promote competition and change"
Violent or Non-violent
"Once a group gains control of a society's resources, they protect their interests at the expense of others..."
Interactionist Perspective
"Focus on how individuals interact with one another in society"
Symbolic Interaction - Use of symbols during interaction

Dramaturgical Perspective
Impression Management
Presentation of Self
Costume, Props, Stage
What evidence of the presentation of self and impression management did you see in the music video for #SELFIE?
What about gender? What does the video tell us about how women and men are supposed to act? That is, what stereotypes about men and women are reinforced in the video?
What about race? How does the video deal with race? Focus on both the images seen in the video and the words spoken.
Have you ever taken a selfie? If so, how did you do impression management in your photos?
On a Separate Sheet of Paper
Test Question #1
Through an analysis of the following terms, discuss sociology as a field of study with reference to its differences from other social sciences.
Sociology
Social Phenomena
Sociological Imagination
Psychology
Anthropology
History
Political Science
Economics
Review the three perspectives in sociology through a case study of the "Black Lives Matter" phenomena or a social phenomena of your choice.
Inside the Numbers
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