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Transcript of Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945
Mussolini as prime minister
Mussolini destroyed all political opposition through his secret police and outlawing labor strikes, Mussolini and his fascist followers consolidated their power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship. Within five years he had established dictatorial authority by both legal and illegal means, trying to create a totalitarian state.
Down fall of mussolini
On July 24th 1943, soon after the start of the Allied invasion of Italy, Mussolini was defeated in the vote at the Grand Council of Fascism, and the King had him arrested the following day. On September 12th 1943, Mussolini was rescued from prison in the Gran Sasso raid by German special forces. In late April 1945, with his defeat , Mussolini attempted to escape north, only to be quickly captured and quickly executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was then taken to Milan where it was hung upside down at a service station for public viewing and to prove he was dead.
Mussolini like all totalitarian dictators use secret police to do his bidding. he also eliminated every other political party. he made himself seen as the tough man that would restore italy to its glory.
Rise to power
Mussolini wanted to bring Italy back to the glory days of the Roman Empire. Unlike Hitler, he did not care for global domination. He wanted Italy to be a great country, one that others were jealous of, just as Rome was, in its day.
The declaration of war
Mussolini was born in Dovia di Predappio, a small town in the province of Forlì in Emilia-Romagna on July 29th 1883. His father Alessandro Mussolini was a blacksmith and a socialist, while his mother Rosa Mussolini, was a Catholic schoolteacher. Benito was the eldest of his parents three children. His siblings Arnaldo and Edvige followed.
The birth place of Mussolini
By the time he returned from Allied service in World War I, Mussolini was no longer socialist. Actually, he was now convinced that socialism had largely been a failure. In 1917, Mussolini got his start in politics with the help of a £100 weekly wage from MI5, the British Security Service. In early 1918, Mussolini called for a man "ruthless and energetic enough to make a clean sweep" to revive the Italian nation. Much later in life Mussolini said he felt by 1919 "Socialism as a doctrine was already dead, it continued to exist only as a grudge".
Early life in politics
Mussolini was originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI). Mussolini was fired from the PSI due to his opposition to the party's stance on the First World War Mussolini denounced the PSI, and later founded the fascist movement. After the March on Rome in October 1922 he became the youngest Prime Minister in Italian history.