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Martin Luther King, Jr.


Mrs Tassain Englishub

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of Martin Luther King, Jr.

On the third Monday of January,
we honor the memory of

Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
clergyman, activist, and prominent leader
in the African-American Civil Rights Movement

Martin Luther King, Jr.
was born on

January 15, 1929,
in Atlanta, Georgia.
Fragment from the
"I Have A Dream" speech
He became pastor of the
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

in Montgomery, Alabama,
when he was
twenty-five years old.
King married
Coretta Scott
on June 18, 1953
King's childhood home
His original name was “Michael King, Jr.,” until the family traveled to Europe in 1934 and visited Germany. His father soon changed both of their names in honor of the German Protestant leader
Martin Luther
in 1533 by
Lucas Cranach the Elder
was a German priest, professor of theology
and iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation.
He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money.
They had four children;
Yolanda King
Martin Luther King III
Dexter Scott King
Bernice King
(1483 - 1546)
Inspired by
’s success with non-violent activism, King visited Gandhi’s birthplace in India in 1959.
The trip to India affected King in a profound way, deepening his understanding of non-violent resistance and his commitment to America’s struggle for civil rights.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(1869 – 1948)
was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned.
King was also said to be influenced by
Abraham Lincoln
Benjamin Mays
Hosea Williams
Bayard Rustin
Henry David Thoreau
Howard Thurman
Leo Tolstoy
On December 1, 1955,
Rosa Parks
was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passanger on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, as was habitual at the time. As a result, King helped organize

Montgomery Bus Boycott
For 385 days, local African-Americans avoided public transport, causing a critical decrease in public transport revenues.
The situation became so tense that King’s house was bombed and he was also arrested at one point. In the end however, the United States District Court ruled to end racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.
King and Rosa Parks
King on the cover of Time magazine
on Februay 18, 1957.
In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, and other civil rights activists founded the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
The group was created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform.
King, representing SCLC, was among the leaders of the so-called “Big Six” civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
, which took place on August 28, 1963. It was at this event that King gave his electrifying “
I Have A Dream
” speech.
More than a quarter million people of diverse ethnicities attended the event, at the time, it was the largest gathering of protesters in Washington’s history.
King’s speech electrified the crowd. It is regarded, along with
Abraham Lincoln
Gettysburg Address
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Infamy Speech
, as one of the finest speeches in the history of American oratory.
In the following years, King and the SLCL continued to spread their vision of desegregation all over the USA
with great success.

They weren't always welcome. In the slums of west Chicago, their marches were met by thrown bottles, screaming crowds and near riot circumstances.
King, who received several death threats was hit by a brick during one of these marches but continued to lead-on even in the face of personal danger.
In New York City on April 4, 1967, he delivered
a speech titled “
Beyond Vietnam
”. He spoke strongly against the U.S.’s role in the war, insisting that the U.S. was in Vietnam “to occupy it as an American colony” and calling the U.S. government “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today”.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated
by escaped convict James Earl Ray, who was
arrested two months later and received life

Presidential candidate
Robert Kennedy
gave a short speech to the gathering of supporters informing them of the tragedy and urging them to continue King’s ideal of non-violence. He was assassinated two months later.
Coretta Scott King
at the funeral

Lyndon B. Johnson
declared April 7 a national day of mourning for the civil rights leader.

At the White House Rose Garden on November 2, 1983,
President Ronald Reagan
signed a bill creating a federal holiday to honor King. Observed for the first time on January 20, 1986, it is called
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

On January 17, 2000, for the first time, Martin Luther
King Jr. Day was officially observed in all fifty U.S. states.
Interesting Facts About Martin Luther King, Jr.
10, January 2010 article on
by Limoge
and corresponding Wikipedia articles
Montgomery Bus Boycott
"I Have A Dream" speech
President Reagan
signing the bill
In the same year, King wrote
The Measure of A Man
, from which the piece
What is Man?
, an attempt to sketch the optimal political, social, and economic structure of society, is derived.
SLCL founded
The Measure of a Man
"Beyond Vietnam" speech
Full transcript