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Reintegration as a tool for enhancing migrants' protection a
Transcript of Reintegration as a tool for enhancing migrants' protection a
Other factors for succesful reintegration
There is a need for the development of national, regional, and international reintegration policies and strategies to anticipate and address the needs of returning migrants.
There is no single solution to facilitate successful reintegration: the relative strenghts of the different factors and the design of each project need to build upon the local context and the profile of the returnees.
Reintegration as a tool for enhancing migrants' protection and prospects
IOM's AVRR projects have been operating worldwide since 1979.
They have assisted more than
migrants to return safely from
countries of destination and transit to
countries of origin.
Pre-departure assistance and transport only
Comprehensive reintegration support with specific components for vulnerable groups
Return migration is a key issue for countries of origin, transit and destination: it is essential for the integrity of asylum and immigration systems and it affects migrants, their families and their communities.
Engaging all relevant stakeholders at the local, national, regional and international levels maximizes the positive impacts of reintegration on returnees
Return migration is not an isolated phenomenon and should be considered in the larger context of the international migration cycle.
is the re-inclusion or re-incorporation of a person into a group or process, for example of a migrant into the society of his or her country of origin. It is a process that enables returnees to participate again in the social, cultural, economic and political life of their country of origin.
Sustainable return has to be understood as a succesful reintegration in the countries of origin, which includes the economic, social and psychosocial aspects and the capacity of the individual to cope with push factors on the same level as the local population. It may also lead to a new migration through regular channels, thanks to the skills and experience acquired during the migration process.
It is crucial to
monitor and evaluate
the reintegration process to identify and address gaps in order to strengthen future reintegration projects.
It is crucial for IOM that an approach to individualized assistance be balanced with the implementation of community-based approaches in the countries of origin to prevent the creation of disadvantages for the local population.
IOM Reintegration principles
Reintegration assistance has to address the drivers of irregular migration.
Return will be more sustainable when the assistance mechanism contributes to the creation of socioeconomic opportunities in the countries of origin.
The strategy has to ensure that non-migrant local communities are not disadvantaged but rather benefit from the skills and experiences of returning migrants.
How to enhance sustainability?
IOM works to develop clear indicators and benchmarks to measure project results
There has to be adequate understanding of migrants' perspectives for reintegration policies and programmes to be effective.
Longer term monitoring of individuals will allow for assessing the contribution of the reintegration assistance to a sustainable return.
Comparative research is needed to analyse the differences in the outcomes of the reintegration process between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries
in countries of origin, transit and destination can
the prospects of returnees' reintegration by:
- Including reintegration assistance in all AVRR projects
- Setting-up migrant resource centres
- Expanding economic opportunities and improving social services and community infrastructure
- Ensuring that reintegration strategies are formulated and implemented conforming to the national and local development plans
- Adopting legislative measures that are favourable for returning migrants
- Allowing sufficient financial resources to stakeholders
- Investing in monitoring and evaluation
- IOM advocates for cooperation and dialogue between stakeholders in countries of origin, transit and destination.
All stakeholders can find good reasons to support this approach, particularly as it strengthens the political and public credibility of immigration, asylum and external boarder management policies and their implementation.
Standing Committee on Programmes and Finance (SCPF): Migration Management and Reintegration
28 - 29 October 2015
An example of a successful IOM reintegration assistance programme
often receive specialized assistance such as psychological support, enhanced socioeconomic support and access to medical treatment
It is crucial to
to the local context and the returnee's needs and profile (e.g. work experience, interests, language skills, education and savings).
The well-being and psychological stability of the individual is of equal importance to ensure succesful reintegration.
Diverse reintegration assistance projects in IOM
Unless the factors that push people to emigrate in the first place are addressed, migrants will return to situations of vulnerability.
The assisstance provided to
support for business set-up
There is no common or formal definition of "sustainable return"
Tailoring reintegration assistance to the individual
Supporting local development through assistance to groups and networks of returnees
Tailored assistance for vulnerable migrants
Reintegration projects should be linked to existing structures and schemes (institutional frameworks, programmes run by the State, local development initiatives) as these will enhance reintegration prospects.
More options for returnees to reshape their lives
Helps address AVRR programme/project gaps
Especially relevant for returnees in need of longer-term assistance, for example for unaccompanied migrant children, migrants with health related needs, and victims of trafficking, violence, exploitation...
By connecting reintegration projects to existing local development initiatives, the risk of one group being favoured over others is reduced.
Innovation is about working with partners. (other development actors)
Creating virtual networks: taking advantage of technology to link migrant communities and countries of origin
In the countries of origin:
A stable political and socioeconomic environment
Mitigation of risks
Effective access to social protection schemes
Support and follow-up during the first 12 months of return
Provision of adequate and up-to date information for migrants
Psychosocial support to help returnees adapt to the new reality
Adequate skills training and financial assistance
Support for the re-establishment of social networks
of the returnee in the return and reintegration process
Partnerships with the private sector: paid internships for returning migrants without much working experience or on-the-job trainings with lower wage during the first months for example
MAGNET II is one of the initiatives that is directly involving migrants and actors in countries of origin in the reintegration process as a way to measure and improve sustainability:
MAGNET II was launched in 2014 and is designed in collaboration with partners in the country of origin to provide Iraqi returnees with information on existing potential job opportunities and facilitate job matching with local employers.
contribute to the establishment of a common approach for the reintegration of irregular migrants returning to the Kurdistan region of Iraq from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK. It is developed in three stages:
job and training referral
From Seeds to Oil: Community Development and Sunflower Production
In 2010, as part of its voluntary assisted return and reintegration programme, IOM Ghana assisted a
group of 35 Ghanaian nationals
who returned from Lybia to Nkoranza to form a
and provided them with the necessary training and tools to start producing sunflowers.
The 35 participants were assisted in the cultivation of sunflower production, which they harvested and then sold to the market, providing immense benefits: they can be used for oil as well as for bio-diesel.
Reintegration assistance can also be provided at the
of the returning migrant and may involve longer-term, structural and development aid.
Beneficiaries of the IOM AVRR sunflower production project, IOM Ghana 2012.
A complementary approach to reintegration in El Salvador
Reintegration assistance to a group of vulnerable migrants in Nicaragua