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MBTI

Introduction to the concepts and purpose behind the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
by

Jon Rosenfield

on 6 August 2015

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Transcript of MBTI

The Myers-Briggs
Type Indicator
What is it?
The Indicator is based on the personality theories of the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung.

4 "universal" dimensions of personality, each with 2 poles or types
All "types" are present within each of us but individuals generally
prefer
one
Developed by Katherine Briggs (mother) and Isabel Myers (daughter) in the 1940's to assist women entering the workforce during WWII find situations they would be most effective in.
“Natural”
“Easy”
“Flowing”
“Comfortable”
“Took less Energy”
“Unnatural”
“Difficult”
“Jerky”
“Awkward”
“Took more Energy”
• The MBTI questionnaire assesses
preferences.
• Preferences are not absolutes: everyone
uses all eight.
• Preferences are not abilities - MBTI
preferences do not tell you what you can
and can’t do.
• There are no better or worse types: all
types have positive aspects.
• People are the best judges of their own
type, hence the MBTI questionnaire is an
indicator - not a test.
How preference operates:
IQ
Emotions
Trauma
Stress
learning ability
Normalcy
Maturity
Assumptions of Type Theory:

We use both poles at different times, but not with equal confidence
Environment exaggerates or suppresses expression of type
Preferences
are inborn - sometimes you have to adjust your behavior to meet the requirements of a situation or the environment, but your
preferences
stay the same
All of the types are equally valuable

REMEMBER:
DIMENSION 1:
DIMENSION 2:
Source of Energy/Focus of Attention
This dimension is not about "liking people"
Attention focused outward for external sources of stimulation
Using trial and error with confidence (do-think-do)
Live it, then understand it
Expressive
Seeks variety and action
"Recharges" by interacting
with others
Breadth of interests
Attention focused inward for
stimulation:
concepts, ideas, inner
impressions, feelings
Considering deeply before
Acting(think-do-think)
Understand it, then live it
Seeks quiet for concentration
Recharges by thinking/reflecting
Depth of interests

Identifies complex patterns
Possibilities
Future Orientation
Prefers adding new skills
Looks at “big picture”
Abstract/Theoretical
Preferred source of information
Reliance on sensory experience
Practicality
Attending to the present moment
Live life as it is
Prefers using learned skills
Detail Orientation
Literal
Preferred method for
processing decisions

DIMENSION 3:
Bases decisions on values
Quick to find common ground
Steps into situations to weigh human values and motives
"Empathic"
A need to connect
Bases decisions on logic
Quick to critique logical flaws
Steps out of situations in
order to analyze
dispassionately
"Objective"
A need to understand
Preferred style of
engaging with the world

DIMENSION 4:
This dimension has nothing to do with biological sex!
This dimension is not about being "judgemental"!
Extraversion
Introversion
Sensing
iNtuition
Thinking
Feeling
Judging
Perceiving
The MBTI does
not
measure:
What
does

the MBTI tell us?
Identify your strengths and unique aptitudes
Better understand motivations, strengths, and areas for potential growth
Better understand, appreciate, and work effectively with those around you
Focuses on completing task
Deciding and planning
Organizing and scheduling
Controlling and regulating
Goal oriented
Wanting closure even when data are incomplete
Wants only the essentials of the job
Focuses on starting tasks
Taking in information
Adapting and changing
Curious and interested
Open-minded
Resisting closure in order to obtain more data
Wants to find out about the job
Preferences...
Working
Together
The MBTI and Picking a Major
EJ’s : Decisive Extraverts
“I want to decide and then get on with it.”
Choose a major early and move in an orderly series of steps to graduation
Strength: a clear sense of direction
Down-side: choose too quickly and without enough information because “times a-wastin”

EP’s : Adaptable Extraverts
“I want to experience it all.”
Deciding is ongoing and often by trial and error; a decision is a “jumping off point” rather than a final stop; talk their way through choices
Strength: open to many possibilities and willing to experience much
Down-side: too many options can be overwhelming; can’t try everything
The MBTI and Work Preferences
IJ’s : Decisive Introverts
"I want to be sure.”
Research and reflect before making a final decision; consult many resources (not people) and carefully consider the information
Strength: take in all relevant data (including personal values) process it carefully and stick with the decision that comes out.
Down-side: stick with a decision once it’s made regardless of relevant info that becomes available later on

IP’s :
“I wonder what I’ll want to be when I grow up.”
Consider all options and do so at their own pace before deciding
Believe that no decision is ever final; often a struggle between outer world information and inner world truths
Strength: see themselves on a quest for knowledge and inspiration
Down-side: resist deadlines imposed by others and often need a nudge from the outside world to help them make choices
Full transcript