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The Age of Anxiety
Transcript of The Age of Anxiety
Guernica by Pablo Picasso
THE AGE OF ANXIETY
Picasso made valuable contributions to art throughout his entire life, but it was the invention of Cubism that secured his immortality. This new method allowed Picasso to play with the bits and pieces of modern life. No single technique or medium could contain the artist's apparently boundless energy. His work began to attract serious critical attention and praise by the time he was twenty. The Guernica was painted as a reaction to the Nazi's devastating casual bombing practice on the Basque town of Guernica during Spanish Civil War. Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering.
Dali completed Figure at a Window in 1925. The painting is one of Dali’s best known and most important early oil on canvas works. Like many of his early works it features two of Dali’s favorite things – the Catalan coastline and a member of his family. The empty window with the lonely figure all play into how Dali must have felt during this time. His sister, who is the girl in the painting, is the only family he had that loved him for who he was.
The Big Bang Theory is the leading explanation about how the universe began. The left-over heat from the fireball of the big bang in which the Universe was born 13.7 billion years ago. The early light, sometimes called the "afterglow" of the Big Bang, is more known as the cosmic microwave background. It was first predicted by Ralph Alpher and other scientists in 1948, but was found only by accident almost 20 years later.
The pineal gland produces melatonin, which helps maintain circadian rhythm and regulate reproductive hormones. Is known as the "mystery" gland with mystical theories about its perceived functions. It was also known as the "third eye". It was founded by René Descartes.
“Trench fever”, was a disease that was most often in the trenches in World War I. 380,000-520,000 members of the British Army were affected between 1915 and 1918. Aside from the injury and suffering caused directly by the war itself, the poor living conditions led to other conditions affecting the health of soldiers. The Spanish Influenza killed an 50 million people globally after WWI ended. In just one year the average life expectancy in America dropped by 12 years
After World War I, modern architects wanted to develop a completely new style appropriate for a new post-war social and economic order. It focused on meeting the needs of the middle and working classes. They rejected the architectural practice of the aristocratic order. WWI gave birth to the new "modern opinion".
Dada was an artistic and literary movement that began in Zürich, Switzerland. Dada artists are known for their use of readymade objects. Was a reaction to WWI and the nationalism that many thought had led to the war. It was influenced by other radical movements like Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, and Expressionism, its output was wildly diverse. Dadaism was a mockery of materialistic and nationalistic attitudes.
Women, as usual, were treated unfairly and unequal to men. But during WWI things began to change...Women’s war work increased support for woman suffrage and contributed to the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920. Large numbers of women were recruited into jobs left by men who had to fight in the war. This led to a more dominant respect for women in the workforce.
Sheet music and player pianos began selling in substantial quantities. Jazz flourished, Buddy Bolden is often credited for being the first of the great Jazz figures. New technologies, particularly the motor car, the telegraph and the advent of recording had a huge impact on music. Much of the music distributed during WWI greatly influenced social and political attitudes, thereby serving as an effective propaganda tool for private citizens and governments.
What filled the minds of people during the era between WWI and WWII?
Because of the desperate economic and social conditions of the 1930s, artists developed a renewed interest in displaying the difficult times of laborers and other individuals. Dadaism, a movement in art and literature based on deliberate irrationality and negation of traditional artistic values, arose and changed the way people viewed materialistic objects. The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed millions of people, it has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. Edwin Hubble discovered the big bang theory in 1929, it made people realize that there is more out there in space than we could ever know. Let alone all these new modernizations people were thinking about, there were more depressing thoughts in people's minds. People had lost their loved ones and they were grieving and in pain.