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Animation History

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by

Jocelyn Thorpe

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Animation History

1894 Herman Casler Victorian Era Animation 1. Zoetrope 1824 2. Thaumatrope Images are placed
in a drum, and
viewed through
slits while spun. Disk, with an image on
either side, attached to
two pieces of string.
When twirled quickly,
the two pictures appear
to combine. 3. Phenakistoscope 4. Flip Book 5. Magic Lantern 6. Praxinoscope 1877 1868 1831 1908 8. Stop Motion 9. Cel 1914 10. Rotoscoping 1915 11. Technicolor 1930 Created saturated
levels of colour. History of Earliest Zoetrope:
180 AD
Ting Huan, from China
Modern version:
1834
William George Harner John Aytron
&
Peter Mark Simon von Stampfer
& Joseph Plateau Images with slight
variations are
placed around a
spinning disc, that
when spun, creates
the illusion of
movement. John Barnes Linnet Images are
flipped through
at high speeds. Light passed through
a strip of images to
project a larger picture
on a screen. Etienne Robertson Charles-Emile Reynaud,
France Animation viewed
through a series of
small, stationary
mirrors. Clay & Toy Mation,
Paper Animation,
Puppet Animation,
Pixilation... are all
specific forms of it. Albert E. Smith &
J. Stewart Blackton Individually
photographed
frames. 7. Mutoscope Cards were
attached to a
circular core, like
a huge Rolodex. Earl Hurd
(... but, John Bray
Studio profited) Drawings, on clear
celluloid, were placed
on top of the
background image
and photographed
individually. Max Fleisher Images projected onto
frosted glass panel and
re-drawn by animators Hubert Kalmus,
America 12. Multiplane Camera 1934 Created 3D effect -
layers of images moved
at different speeds &
distance to each other. William Garity 13. Analog Computer
Graphics 1961 John Whitney 1972 14. CG Facial Animation Frederic Parke 16. Go Motion 1980 Phil Tippett First used in
Empire
Strikes Back. Subject moves
while picture
is taken -
motion blur. First CG Feature Film 1995 First Stop Motion 3D
Feature Film 2009 15. Morphing 1988
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