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Political, Intellectual, and Artistic impact of the Reformation

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Alandria Harris

on 9 December 2011

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Transcript of Political, Intellectual, and Artistic impact of the Reformation

Political, Intellectual and Artistic Impact of the Reformation What is the Protestant Reformation?

a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches Artistic Impact Church's point of view upon art:

The church believed that the purpose of music and art was to give the people a base
of knowledge about Christianity in a closely supervised manner, because of the reformation people began to view art as a freedom of expression Political Impacts 1. By strengthening monarchs at the expense of church bodies, the Reformation furthered the growth of the modern secular and centralized state.
More Political Impacts Before the Reformation: People lived in a world where the Church was seen as a place seperate from secular governence
After the Reformation: The church was no longer seen as an independent authority separate from Secular governance, which lead to people having their own opinions on religion (decision making) and the church which lead to what is now known as Democracy.
Intellectual Impact of the Reformation England Before the Reformation 2. Europe became POLITICALLY
fragmented along religious lines
3. Nations began to align themselves as
either Catholic or Protestant
-a. England- Protestant (Anglican)
-b. Spain- Catholic
-c. France- Catholic (Protestant Minority ) 4. Monarchs began to reject the idea
of being subordinate to religious
authority. 5. Securlarization of Political Powers
-a. Act of Supremecy- England
-b. Peace of Augsburg- The Holy Empire
-c. Pragmatic Sanctions and the Concordant of Bologna France
6. Because of the Reformation many people
began to challenge the notion that monarchs
ruled by "Divine Right" (God appointed)

1. Art Before & After The Reformation
Before:- At the beginning of the 16th century, the Popes were patrons of art and architecture.

After:- Protestants did not promote cathedral buildings and huge structures were not required for their simple religious purposes as they were before.

2. After the reformation artist did away
with religious images and pictures, altars
and organs, crucifixes and stained glass windows. 3. Art began to deal with
secular rather than religious subjects.
4. The Protestant Reformation induced iconoclasm, or the destruction of religious imagery The intellectual impact of the Reformation was basically that people began to think for theirselves. As an overall population people began to become more literate which caused them to be able to grasp and learn more.

People also began to think for theirselves a lot more when it came to religion. Because people were literate they could interpurate the bibal how ever they wanted without having to rely on the Catholic Church to interpuate it for them. Because of this a lot of religious branches formed during this era. Martin Luther Martin Luther had a huge intellectual impact on the Reformation. He was a very well eduacated man and after a near death expericence he turned his life to God and became a monk. After he read the Bible he realized that the Roman Catholic Church was very corrupt and was misleading people for their own benifit. He wrote the 95 Theses which were a list of 95 complaints he made to the Roman Catholic Church he later nailed it to the wall of a church in Germany. Because of him many people started to question the Roman Catholic Church and take religion into their own hands. Protestant Reformation 7. The state became more powerful
then the church 8. King Henry VIII of England
becomes the head of the Anglican
Church 5. Art included common people;
and was more lifelike Expanded educational oppurtunities -Because of increase in knowledge
the printing press came into play. The printing
press is : A machine for printing text or pictures
from type or plates. Individualism was a result
of the Protestant Reformation.
Individualism is The habit or principle of being
independent and self-reliant Art during the Reformation
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