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Transcript of Mesopotamia
that allowed people to live in cities and work together. These still affect our lives today. Let's check some of them out.
Mesopotamia means "between two rivers." Mesopotamia was located between the
rivers in the Middle East.
Mesopotamia was part of the
means the area was able to produce a lot of crops
is a shape - like a crescent moon. The area is in the shape of a crescent
Mesopotamia was located in what is now
Let's head to Iraq to explore ancient Mesopotamian artifacts!
Here is all that exists now from ancient Uruk, a major city of Sumer. What do historians think these cities looked like? Let's take a look...
Here are ruins from the city of Babylon. Babylon was located in what is now Baghdad, Iraq. Do you notice any differences or similarities from the previous picture?
Here is how an artist thinks these ancient cities might have looked. What do you notice about the buildings?
The inside of a Mesopotamian home. What do you see?
Artifacts we've found in Iraq and other surrounding countries have helped us hypothesize what kind of jobs Mesopotamians may have had. Remember, farmers created a surplus of food so citizens had time to focus on other trades. Here are a few.
wrote important information down on clay tablets. Here is a statue of a scribe named Dudu. He must have been important to get his own statue!
bought and traded necessary materials from other city-states. In this uncovered stone carving, Assyrians bring wood back home from another place. Who do you think they were trading with?
With so many people in one area, a
was needed to maintain order. King Hammurabi (standing in the picture) is famous for creating a set of
for all the people to follow.
The first form of writing appeared in Mesopotamia. It was called
, which means wedge-shaped. See how the marks look like wedges? This tablet is a record of a farmer's number of goats and sheep.
They wrote by using a pointed
to make marks on wet
. They wrote about important matters like recording their trades. Remember Hammurabi's Code? That was written in cuneiform too.
The earliest known
was in Mesopotamia. Wheels helped carry heavy items and people faster and farther. This artwork from the ancient city of Ur shows a man using a four-wheeled
The Mesopotamians contributed the
to our present-day architecture and design. This arch is from the ancient city of Ur. Look familiar?
Hammurabi wrote these laws on giant statues called stele so everyone knew the laws. The laws are called the Code of Hammurabi. This stele was probably found in the ancient city of Susa.
Here's what the code looks like close up. Here are a few of these laws:
If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.
If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.
If a slave say to his master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear.
Mesopotamians discovered how to forge weapons, jewelery and other items out of metals - particularly
A bronze sickle sword used in battle by the Sumerians. How do you think they made this?
Bronze axes used in war to pierce armor by the Sumerians.
Craftsmen made pottery, jewelery, clothes and more for the people of Mesopotamia. How do we know?
This headband with gold leaves was found in a royal tomb in Ur. A very skilled craftsman must have made this.
This pottery and all of the bronze tools were found in the ancient city of Susa. A potter spent many hours on a pottery wheel to make these goods.
After you complete your virtual field trip, you'll be able to answer the following questions:
Why is Mesopotamia called
"The Cradle of Civilization?"
How has Mesopotamia
influenced other civilizations
, even us?
Before we go on our virtual field trip , let's figure out where Mesopotamia was located.
Here we are! Present-day Baghdad, Iraq. It's hard to believe this place was home to one of the first civilizations thousands of years ago and looked completely different! Let's take a look.
You can choose to watch a quick video to review.
Answer these questions and reflect on our virtual field trip:
1. Why is Mesopotamia called the
"Cradle of Civilization?"
2. How has Mesopotamia
influenced other civilizations
, even us?