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Greece/Rome AP World Presentation
Transcript of Greece/Rome AP World Presentation
The greek mountains were a horrible place for farming, so most trade was based on a maritime economy. Geography of Greece Greek Pottery Art and Sculptures. The Peloponnesian War is what the many battles between the Spartans and the Athenians was called. these battles were fought over the peninsula's limited resources. the war was eventually one by the Spartans. the Peloponnesian Wars Athens Athens was one of the most influential city-states in ancient Greece. Athens and Sparta were constant enemies. Athens was believed to have the first democratic form of government. Women had no rights in Athens. The men made all the decisions. Athens later became the center of the golden age and capital of Greece. Sparta Sparta was the most militaristic of all the city-states. It's boys started their military training at age 7 and finished at age 2o. This led to the spartans having a very formidable army. they were led by a king and a council of elders. they were constantly fighting with the Athenians, finally calling an alliance when the persian ary threatened to invade Greece. Socrates Plato Aristotle (469 B.C.- 399 B.C.) (384 B.C.- 322 B.C.) (447 B.C.- 328 B.C.) Philosophers of Ancient Greece Greece Today Greece today is still its own independant counrty. Athens is still the capital, and the largest city in the country. now around 11 million people still inhabit the ancient cities and the peninsula where all of these historical events took place. Greece Rome Roman Empire The roman empire was one of the largest empires ever to exist in the ancient world. The Romans controlled the entire Mediterranean sea at the height of their power. this allowed roman influence to spread throughout the known world. The Origins Of the Roman Republic the true origins of the Romans are unknown, though there is a legend about the rise of the city of Rome. it is said that oce there were two brothers, Romulus and Remus. it is said that thy were sent adrift on a river as newborn babies, but that a she-wolf found them. instead of eating the 2 babies, she suckled them. they were later found by a shepherd and his wife and raised as simple herders. ignorant that they were the sons of a usurped king, they gathered many followers. the two brothers were natural leaders. when they learned of their origin they killed the usurper and brought their father back his throne. but instead of waiting to inherent a kingdom, they decided to build there own city. when an argument between the two brothers started, it eventually came to a fight. during the fight, Remus was killed. with his brother gone, Romulus was free to build the city as he wished, naming it Rome, after himself. Romulus created the first legions, the roman military unit, and the senate, which ruled Rome for centuries and later advised its emperors. Roman Republic Rome originally started as a republic. in this way the senate ruled.two officials would be elected annually by the people to rule for only one year.the senates job was to advise the two officials, called consuls, to bring prosperity to Rome. the Roman Republic was set up to have a system of checks and balances. no one person had all the power. Julius Ceaser Julius Ceaser was one of the most important men in all of Roman history. Julius Ceaser was a Roman general who commanded great respect and loyalty from the legions under his control. he ame out victorious during a civil war with another roman general and brought his army into the streets of Rome. this was forbidden. he then announced himself dictator for life. before this dictators could be elected by the senate in times of war, but this was only for a few years. the dictator would then step down and new consuls would be elected. what ceaser did was get rid of the consuls, though he still kept the senate as advisers. As dictator, Ceaser actually tried to help the plebians, the lower class. there was a widening gap between the rich and the poor, and ceaser wanted to stop this he gave the plebians more power, which earned him many enemies. on the day which is known as the Ides of March (march 14) in 44 B.C., Julius Ceaser was scheduled to appear at the senate. yet when he got there, he was attacked by the members of the senate and killed from multiple dagger wounds. apparently there had been a conspiracy to assassinate Ceaser. his death caused chaos for some time afterwards. Roman Empire The Roman Empire started with the rise of the emperor Augustus. Augustus took the position that he was saving the republic, allowing all the principles and workings of the remain intact. the only big difference was that as emperor, Augustus had the final say in all decisions, which was backed up by his military power. Augustus' reign lasted 40 years, and was considered a golden age in Rome.it also started what is known as the Pax Romana, the Roman Peace.this period of peace lasted 200 years, and was a golden age in Rome. the line of emperors continued long after the reign of Augustus, finally reaching the long steady decline of the Roman Empire. The Decline of the Roman Empire the decline of the Roman Empire started with the Crisis of the Third Century. this marked a time when Rome was hit with invasions from the Turks, germanic tribes, and other barbarian tribes. this was the time when depression hit,and people were dying of the plague. the Roman Emperors were either murdered or executed, and there was no real authority. the roman armies were made up more of mercenaries then real roman soldiers. with the power of the empire fading, Emperor Diocletian divided the empire in half, east and west, and had co-emperors help him rule. order was shaken, but was soon restored as emperor Constantine took power. he changed the capital of Rome to the city of Constantinople. it was at that point that the western roman empire began to die. it didnt take long for barbaric tribes to invade Rome looking for wealth. Rome collapsed into the dark ages, later becoming small countries. the eastern roman empire soon became known as the Byzantine Empire. this empire lasted centuries after the western roman empire collapsed, officially ending with the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman-Turks. The City of Rome Today while the city of Rome still stands, much of it is new and modern. the city of Romulus has long since disappeared, now only seen through the ruins of the ancient buildings, such as the Colosseum. the Empire of Rome, once one of the greatest empires ever known, has has split. now more then a dozen countries cover the same land that the Romans once owned. But Rome has left a legacy that will always stand the test of time. 431 B.C. - 404 B.C.