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Middle Passage and Slave Trade
Transcript of Middle Passage and Slave Trade
What was the Middle Passage and Slave Trade?
-Was the stage of triangular trade where millions of enslaved people from Africa were shipped to the New World.
Slaves had about an average of 6 sq ft of deck space.
There was 144 enslaved Africans on a ship called Ann(Measurements-3' 0" x 4' 0" (91 cm x 1.23 m).
Two ways to upload the slaves.
Called loose packing or tight packing.
Loose packing-Under that system, captains transported fewer slaves than their ships could carry in order to reduce the disease and deaths among.
Tight packing- This system was based on the fact that the more slaves they had, the more profit they could make. They carried as many slaves as their ship could carry, and often more. In the ship's hold, the slaves were chained ankle to wrist, with barely any place to move.
What did the Middle Passage and Slave Trade have to do with the Euorpean Colinization?
Middle Passage & Slave Trade has a lot to do with the European Colonization-I can infer that when bringing the slaves to the new world that they needed hard labor on their land for cheap pay.
Before we start take a minute and watch this video.
What was the slave ships like?
Captains did not provide any kinds of hygiene.
captains placed buckets for the slaves' excrement's, but there was never one bucket per slave.
Diseases were very common in boats, they were transmitted easily because of the poor hygiene and the way slaves were packed together.
The flux, smallpox,and scurvy were the most spread diseases on the boats.
Suicide attempts occurred daily and in painfully cruel ways.
Slaves tried jumping overboard and even asked others to strangle them.
One of the most common ways to avoid further punishment on the journey was to avoid eating.
Starvation suicide attempts became so common that a device was introduced to forcefully open the mouths of slaves who refused to eat.
Before we start take a minute and watch this video-
-Now lets interview some people.
“All the males were forcibly branded with a hot iron and loaded down with heavy shackles. Completely naked, they were chained together in tens by the neck, hands and feet: bound down with irons, and crushed almost unto death, and all for the purpose of maintaining due subordination, as it is called, and preserving the peace and safety of everyone onboard.”