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GCSE English Language: Descriptive

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Thomas Barrett

on 4 July 2016

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Transcript of GCSE English Language: Descriptive

GCSE English Language:
Descriptive

Welcome to GCSE English Language
Controlled assessments:
40% of final mark
Four of them
Opportunity to prepare
Question revealed ahead of assessment date
'half way between an exam and a piece of coursework'
Exams:
2 of them
60% of final mark
One reading and one writing
:
Important dates:
28/09/15: Descriptive Writing CA
09/11/15: Narrative Writing CA
14/12/15: Literary Text CA
01/02/16: Spoken Language CA
07/03/16: Mock Reading Exam
25/04/16: Mock Writing Exam
06/05/16: Reading and Writing Exams

Controlled assessment catch-ups will take place a week after the regular controlled assessment
http://tinyurl.com/p74q34c
Student handbook:
Getting to know each other...
House Rules/Expectations
Discuss some possible expectations/rules in small groups.

Try to decide if these expectations are for each other, the teacher, or everyone.

Write down your expectations on your sheets.
http://tinyurl.com/p9ulea4
What is descriptive writing?
Writing to describe a place/location/scene
You are trying to paint a picture in the reader's mind.
Make it interesting and vivid!
Details:
450 words
45 minutes
Spelling and grammar
3rd person perspective
No class notes!
http://tinyurl.com/pk5fahl
Descriptive Writing 101:
The choice is yours...
Describe a school assembly on the first day in September.
Describe the scene at a busy crossroads.
Describe the scene on a school bus.
Describe the scene on the first day of January sales.
Describe the scene at a busy fireworks display.
GCSE Descriptive Diagnostic Test!
Read the piece of descriptive writing and then attempt the reading questions
If you are unsure about one of the words e.g. 'personification' then skip that question
This is simply to check what you already know!
Finally attempt your own piece of descriptive writing for the last question using one of the choices given!
Good Luck!
What are Adjectives?
Adjectives are words used to describe nouns.

So adjectives can describe:
People
Places
Objects
Animals
Plants etc.
Write down as many adjectives as you can to describe these pictures:
What are the 5 senses?
The 5 senses are how we experience the world around us: sight, taste, smell, sound, touch.
When we produce a piece of descriptive writing it's important that we try to represent these 5 senses.

By using the 5 senses we can make someone feel
immersed!
Attach the descriptions to the correct senses on your sheet!

5 senses sheet:
http://tinyurl.com/q2lvl4x
Sentence Types!
Sentences can be split into 3 main types:
Simple
Compound
Complex
If you want to pass GCSE English Language you will need to use all 3!
Clauses?
Sentences are made of 'clauses'...
Main or 'Independent' clauses
can function by themselves - they make sense on their own.
Sub or 'dependent' clauses
need to 'cling onto' a main/independent clause - they don't make sense on their own.
Simple
Simple sentences are made of just one
independent or main clause.
The wind blew hard.
The water cascaded down the mountain
I shot the sheriff
Write a simple sentence of your own!
Compound
A compound sentence is made of two main or independent clauses connected together
The wind blew hard
and
the skies grew dark.
The water cascaded down the mountain
and
large fish splashed out of the lake at the bottom.
I shot the sheriff
but
I did not shoot the deputy.
Write a compound sentence!
Complex
A complex sentence is made of a main/independent clause and a sub/dependent clause.
The wind blew hard
,
sweeping up Autumn leaves.
The water cascaded down the mountain
,
slamming against the lake.
I shot the sheriff
because
it was in self-defense.
Write a complex sentence!
Comparison Techniques!
Comparison techniques are descriptive writing techniques used to compare two ideas/objects
Metaphors
Similes
Personification
Metaphors and Similes
Both these techniques are used to directly compare two objects/ideas
However, the difference is how direct the comparison is.
Metaphor: The sun is a giant lightbulb
Simile: The sun is
like
a giant lightbulb
What's the difference?
Try writing your own.
Personification
Personification is a special kind of comparison technique.
Personification compares something that isn't alive/sentient to something that is alive/sentient.
The trees lined the street like bouncers outside a nightclub.
The jagged rocks were like sharp teeth.
Write your own example...
Group Task: Comparison Techniques
Use the sheet provided to write your own comparison techniques in your group.
Each group has a different noun to describe.
Comparison techniques sheet:
http://tinyurl.com/nh9o2m8
Descriptive Techniques Cheat Sheet:
http://tinyurl.com/nv4dkyd
Comparison Tip!
Spider diagrams can help you think of ideas for similes/metaphors/personification
Building
Tall
Yellow
Lots of
eyes/
windows
The yellow building stood tall over the landscape like a giraffe peering over the tree-tops looking for danger.
The yellow building was a sour lemon full of sour citric juices.
The yellow building had windows on every surface; the windows were like spider eyes watching for their prey.
All good descriptions first start life as a simple idea!
Listing activity:
A simple exercise to create ideas for your descriptive writing controlled assessment!
Step 1:
List 15 objects you could use for your scene
Step 2:
Pick 10 objects and try to attach some adjectives to them (don't neglect the senses!)
Step 3:
Pick 5 of your objects and try to create some pieces of description using the comparison techniques you have learned!
Any planning/work done now will make your controlled assessment so much easier. I promise!
Paragraphs
When you change topic
When a different person is speaking (Narrative)
Paragraphs aren't an 'exact science'. You have to use your best judgement
Add paragraphs to the text:
http://tinyurl.com/pe836f2
If you ever forget a paragraph put // where you want the paragraph to go.
Phonology Devices
More descriptive writing techniques!
Phonology devices are devices related to sound.
Alliteration
Rhyme
Onomatopoeia
Alliteration
Words that begin with the same sound
The
piano
demanded the audience's attention like an urgent
phone
call from a loved one.
The light was like a
knife
cutting through the dark
night
.
Are the red words in these sentences examples of alliteration?
Six sizzling sausages.
The sun shone down on the scenic shores.
Rhyme
Words that end with the same sound.
The kids, screaming and shouting on the
sand
, sounded like a heavy metal
band.
The bus driver wore two things each day: a constant
frown
painted on his face and the same yellow hat set upon his head like a
crown
. He was a ruthless king and he ruled this bus without hesitation.
Onomatopoeia
Words that represent or describe sounds.
Whisper.
Creak.
Bang!
Write down as many onomatopoeia words as you can...
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