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The U.S Constitution
Transcript of The U.S Constitution
Federalism is a system of government in which power is shared between the central (or federal ) government and the states. Linking themselves to the idea of federalism , the people who supported the constituion took the name federalists. The U.S. Constitution TO keep the convention running and ensure ratification of the constitution the delegates had to compromise a number of times. Antifederalists People who opposed the constitution were called Antifederalists. They thought the constitution took to much power away from the states and didnt guarantee rights for the people. Antifederalists published their views about the constitution in newspapers and pamphlet. They use logical arguments to convince people to oppose the constitution. The Federalists The federalists wrote essays to answer the Antifederalists' attacks. The best known of the federal essays are The Federalist papers. Three well-known politicians wrote The federalists papers. James Madison, Alexandser Hamilton, and John Jay, the secretary of foreign affairs for the Confederation Congress. At the root of the Civil War were differences between the Northern and Southern states over the issue of slavery. The Southern states depended on slavery labor, but the Northern states didnt want slavery to expand. Abraham Lincoln, a Northern Republican who opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories, won the presidency in 1860. The Southern states threatened to secede if Lincoln won the Precidency, because they feared that Northern antislavery Republicans would dominate national politics and submit the South to federal government control. South Carolina seceded first. Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas joined after. They formed the Confederate States of America in 1861.
Judicial Review is the power of the courts to review laws related to cases before the court and overturn, those that are found unconstitutional. Judicial Review is also a part of British common law that became part of the legal process in the U.S.A. Supreme Court first exercised the judicial review 1796. The Congress, like the 2007 Senate, can use its institutional powers to constrain unilateral presidential powers. We argue that Congress will stand up to presidents when the policy costs of legislative inaction are high and the political costs of action are low. Using multiple research approaches, we show that high political costs for majority party Senate Democrats drove them to find innovative and low-cost solutions to constrain the president. 1620, signing of the Mayfolwer Compact
The Mayflower Compact was a signed agreement to ensure peace between the two groups carried by the Mayflower ship to America. The Mayflower Compact was written by the colonists before landing at Plymouth Rock. 1776, adoption of the Declaration of Independence
In July 4, 1776, Congress adopted the document that proclaimed independence. John Hancock, the president of the Congress, was the first to sign the Declaration. The core idea of the Declaration is based on the philosophy of John Locke. This idea is that people have unalienable rights. It declared the colonies to be free and independent states. Then the Declaration closed with this pledge. "And for the supprot of this Declarartion, with a frim divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor." Americans had decalred their independence. 1787, writing of the U.S. Constitution
While the 7 of the states ratified the Constitution, they asked that it be amended to include a bill of rights. supporters of a bill of rights hoped that it would set forth the rights of all Americans. They believed it was needed to protect people against the power of the national government. Congress edited Madison's list (who was elected to the new Congress in the winter of 1789) and propsed placing the amendments at the end of the Constitution in a seperate section. The amendments went to the states for ratification. With Virginia's vote in 1791, ten amendments were ratified and became law. These ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution became known as the Bill of Rights. 1803, Louisiana Purchase
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 stands as the most significant event in the westward expansion of the United States. It doubled the size of the U.S., gave the country complete control of the port of New Orleans, and provided territory for westward expansion. The issues of the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention of 1787 The constitutional convention of Philadelphia met between May and June of 1787 to adress the problems if the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation.
The US constitution surfaced from the convention that validated a federal government with alot of specific powers that involved conducting relations with foreign governments, There where fifty five delegates at the constitutional convention. In May 13, 1607 Jamestown was founded. It's America's frist permanent English colony. The colony was sponsored by the Virginia Company of London. The settlement was swampy and full malaria-carrying mosquitoes. This disease made the colonists sick with fever. Many also became ill from drinking the river water. The climate was also a hardship. Mistress Forrest believed to be the first English woman to come to the colony. Then later in 1608 the colony was controled by John Smith. Created by: Abelina Terrones, Silvia Colunga, Amy Ordaz, and Martha Caldera. Jamestown Mayflower Compact Declaration of Independence The U.S. Constitution Louisiana Purchase Constitutional Issues Congressional Response, Presidential Response, and Judicial Review Alexander Hamilton Patrick Henry James Madison George Mason References Carlin,J . (2000, September 15) Constitution of the United States March 6,2013, http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html Mount,S. (1995-2012) US Constitution March 6,2013, http://www.usconstitution.net/const.html Chin,J. & Stern,A. (1997) Federalists & Antifederalist March 6, 2013 http://library.thinkquest.org/11572/creation/framing/feds.html Chandler,H. (date unknown) Creating America - The Granger Collection http://www.schooltube.com/video/03f9c858260a4da9b582/School-House-Rock-The-Preamble Video