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Francine Ecarma

on 7 June 2014

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Masterpiece: Beowulf
In Old English is the conventional title of an Old English epic poem consisting of 3182 alliterative long lines, set in Scandinavia, commonly cited as one of the most important works of Anglo-Saxon literature to the fact that it is the oldest surviving epic poem of Old English and also the earliest vernacular English literature.
Old English (450-1100)

English Renaissance

a. Elizabeth and Jacobean period (1558-1625)
b. Late Renaissance

William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser

Book of Common Prayer, Works of William Shakespeare, The Fairie Queene by Edmund Spenser

The literature of the Renaissance was written within the general movement of the Renaissance which arose in 13th century Italy and continued until the 16th century while being diffused into the western world. It is characterized by the adoption of a humanist philosophy, the recovery of the classical literature of Antiquity and benefited from the spread of printing in the latter part of the 15th century.
Neo-classical Period:
- Restoration Age (1660-1700)
- Augustan Literature (1700-1750)
- Age of Sensibility (1750-1798)

Middle English Literature
Modern Period
The Canterbury Tales &
Sir Gawain and the
Green Knight

Geoffrey Chaucer

The Canterbury is a
collection of over 20
stories written in Middle
English by Geoffrey
Chaucer at the end of the
14th century, during the
time of the Hundred
Years' War.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Middle English: Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knight) is a late 14th-century Middle English alliterative romance.
Jonathan Swift

Gulliver’s Travel of Jonathan Swift

Gulliver's Travels is a novel by Irish
writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift,
that is both a satire on human nature
and a parody of the "traveler's tales"
literary sub-genre. It is Swift's best known
full-length work, and a classic of English literature.

Neoclassical literature is characterized by order, accuracy, and structure. In direct opposition to Renaissance attitudes, where man was seen as basically good, the Neoclassical writers portrayed man as inherently flawed. They emphasized 'restraint,' self-control, and common sense. This was a time when conservatism flourished in both politics and literature.
William Faulkner and D.H. Lawrence
The Sound and The Fury, Lady Chatterley’s Lover
The Sound and the Fury is a novel written by the American author William Faulkner. It employs a number of narrative styles, including the technique known as stream of consciousness, pioneered by 20th-century European novelists such as James Joyce and Virginia Woolf.

Lady Chatterley's Lover is a novel by D. H. Lawrence, first published in 1928. The first edition was printed privately in Florence, Italy, with assistance from Pino Orioli; an unexpurgated edition could not be published openly in the United Kingdom until 1960.

Modernist novels using the stream of consciousness technique and Science fiction.
American Literature Puritan/Colonial (1650-1750)

Authors: Mary Rowlandson and Edward Taylor
Masterpieces: A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" is a sermon written by British Colonial Christian theologian Jonathan Edwards, preached to his own congregation in Northampton, Massachusetts to unknown effect, and again on July 8, 1741 in Enfield, Connecticut.

"A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration" is a work in the literary genre of captivity narratives. It is considered to be one of America's first bestsellers, four editions appearing in 1682 when it was first published.
Some of the masterpieces are sermons, diaries, personal narratives, and written in plain style.
Revolutionary /Age of Reason

Author: Benjamin Franklin
Masterpieces: Poor Richard's Almanac
Poor Richard's Almanack was a yearly almanac published by Benjamin Franklin, who adopted the pseudonym of "Poor Richard" or "Richard Saunders" for this purpose. The publication appeared continually from 1732 to 1758. It was a best seller for a pamphlet published in the American colonies; print runs reached 10,000 per year.
Romanticism (1800-1860)
Authors: Walt Whitman, Washington Irving
Masterpieces: Rip Van Winkle and Poems of Walt Whitman
This period shows preoccupation with social and political affairs, realistic topics based on folk tales and ballads, plain feelings and true emotions, emphasis on individual freedom, introducing cultural nationalism, exploring national history, simplicity in style, popular in appeal, creative, innovative and exploratory in approach.
"Rip Van Winkle" is a short story by American author Washington Irving published in 1819 as well as the name of the story's fictional protagonist. Written while Irving was living in Birmingham, England, it was part of a collection entitled The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent..
American Renaissance/Transcendentalism

Realism (1855-1900)

The Moderns (1900-1950)
Harlem Renaissance
(Parallel to modernism) (1920’s)

Post Modernism (1950 to present)
Author: Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Scarlet Letter is an 1850 romantic work of fiction in a historical setting, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. It is considered to be his magnum opus.
Masterpieces: The Scarlet Letter
The genre or the style of masterpieces are poetry, short stories, and novels.
Authors: Gustave Flaubert, George Eliot, Mark Twain
Masterpieces: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Realism portrays faithful representation of life concentrating on middle-class life and preoccupations, scenes of humble life, criticism of social conditions, characters are in center of interest as opposed to a plot, subjects portrayed with simplicity and respect but little elaboration, honest, matter-of-fact style and objects or figures are represented impartially and objectively.
Authors: F.Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound, T.S Eliot, Karel Capek
Masterpieces: The Great Gatsby; Poetry of Jeffers, Williams, Cummings, Frost, Eliot, Sandburg, Pound, Robinson, Stevens
Most of the masterpieces are novels, plays, poetry, and use of interior monologue and stream of consciousness.
Author: Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston
Masterpieces: Poetry, short stories and novels of Hurston and Hughes
Harlem Renaissance is the defining moment in African American literature because of an unprecedented outburst of creative activity among black writers.It is unusual among literary and artistic movements for its close relationship to civil rights and reform organizations.This genre gave birth to “gospel music” Blues and jazz transmitted across American via radio and phonographs.
Authors: John Ashbery, Angela Carter, Raymond Carver
Masterpieces: The Death of a Salesman and The Crucible and Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye

Topics dealing with the complex absurdity of contemporary life - moral and philosophical relativism, loss of faith in political and moral authority, alienation. Employing black humor, parody, grotesque, absurdity, and travesty. Erasing boundaries between "low" and "high" culture
Lack of a grand narrative.
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