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Las Vegas, Nevada Biome Project

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Annie Garofalo

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Las Vegas, Nevada Biome Project

Animal Ecology Project Annie Garofalo
Period 3 Invertebrates: Vertebrates: Location: Symbiotic Relationships: Current Ecological Issues: Food Web Works Cited: Commensalism: a relation between two kinds or organisms in which one obtains food or the other benefits form the other without damaging or benefiting it.
A desert holly shrub provides shade for young creosote bush Coyote Black-tailed Jackrabbit Desert Tortoise Scientific Name: Lepus californicus
Common Name: Black-tailed Jackrabbit
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Unique Fact: A yr-old female may produce 14, or more, young per yr Las Vegas, Nevada
Biome: Desert (Sonoran Desert) Scientific Name: Canis latrans
Common Name: Coyote
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Unique Fact: live in all kinds of habitats including deserts, prairies and mountains. http://www.wildnatureimages.com/images%202/040210-031..jpg http://www.glo.texas.gov/what-we-do/caring-for-the-coast/education-outreach/flora-and-fauna/images/animals/black_tailed_jackrabbit_animals.jpg Scientific Name: Gopherus agassizii
Common Name: Gopher Tortoise
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Unique Fact: Desert Tortoises can make hissing, popping, and poinking sounds, usually out of fear or distress. http://www.redcliffsdesertreserve.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Desert-Tortoise.jpg Camel Spider [BRET’S] BLUE BUTTERFLY Walking Stick Scientific Name: Euphilotes bernardino inyomontana
Common Name: Bernardino Blue
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Unique Fact: Eggs are laid singly on flowers or buds and the caterpillars eat flowers and fruits http://butterfliesofamerica.com/euphilotes_bernardino_inyomontana_live1.htm Scientific Name: Solifugae
Common Name: Camel Spider
Phylum: Arthropada
Class: Arachnida
Unique Fact: They can run very fast – like the wind - up to 30 feet/hour. http://www.localpestcontrolservices.com/pest_control_blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Camel-spider-240x300.jpg Scientific Name: Phasmatodea
Common Name: Walking Stick
Phylum: Arthropada
Class: Insecta
Unique Fact: Male and female walking stick mating, a process that may last for hours, days or even weeks http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/007/cache/walking-stick-insect_745_600x450.jpg Primary Producer Primary Consumer Secondary Consumer Decomposer Cactus Opuntia Genus with Red Fruits http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/actionsports/actionsports1008/actionsports100800075/7542964-a-cactus-in-the-arizona-desert-against-a-blue-sky.jpg http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/eutoch/eutoch0809/eutoch080900005/3521247-arizona-desert-cactus-of-opuntia-genus-with-red-fruits.jpg Poaceae (grass) http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a07/5c/24/types-desert-grass-1.1-800x800.jpg http://www.arizonafoothillsmagazine.com/images/stories/bat.jpg Bat Black-tailed Jackrabbit Desert Tortoise Scorpion http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/lostrock/lostrock0912/lostrock091200029/6047956-macro-shot-of-giant-hairy-desert-scorpion-in-its-natural-habitat-arizona-desert-usa.jpg Coyote http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7150/6827126757_3676d15266.jpg Western Screech Owl http://www.visualphotos.com/photo/1x9671974/turkey_vulture_-_cathartes_aura_-_sonoran_desert_-_arizona_-_feeding_on_jackrabbit_carcass_F07-1271912.jpg Vulture http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/Raven_-Grand_Canyon,_Arizona,_USA-8.jpg Raven Primary Producer: any green plant or any of various microorganisms that can convert light energy or chemical energy into organic matter.
Cactus, Grass Primary Consumer: an animal that feeds on plants; a herbivore.
Desert Tortoise, Black-tailed Jackrabbit Secondary Consumer: a carnivore that feeds only upon herbivores.
Coyote, Western Screech Owl Decomposers: an organism, usually a bacterium or fungus, that breaks down the cells of dead plants and animals into simpler substances.
Vultures, Ravens Parasitism: an intimate association between organisms of two or more kinds; especially on in which a parasite obtains benefits from a hose which it usually injures.
A flea is a parasite on a coyote. The flea benefits by drinking the coyote's blood, but the coyote, by losing blood and acquiring discomfort and potential disease, is harmed. Mutualism: relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit from the relationship.
Pollination of flowers by honey bees Climatogram: The sunlight of the Sonoran desert changes during the day and it gets hotter. Seasonal temperatures range from an average of 52º F in the winter, to 86º F in the summer. In some seasons the temperatures can reach 32º F at night. In some portions of the desert, near the tip of Mexico, the temperature can reach a high of 134º F in the shade. The Sonoran desert is one of the wettest deserts in North America and averages from 3 to 16 inches of rain a year. It has two rainy seasons, one in the summer and another in the winter. The winter rains are longer and lighter and are more widespread. http://denardo.lab.asu.edu/animals/ClimateDiagramA.png Issue 2: Invasive species
Invasive species are altering the ecosystems of the Sonoran Desert Region. Native plants have been moved to the wrong place, resulting in radically different habitats and food for wildlife. "Species like red brome and buffelgrass have become dense enough in many areas to carry fire in the late spring and early summer" (Wright). Ecosystem services that may be impaired by invasive species include water purification and storage, mitigation of droughts and floods, pollination of crops, pest control, maintenance of biodiversity, soil generation, erosion protection, recreation and education opportunities. Lastly, a variety of underappreciated invasive roles are beneficial by: providing ecosystem services, replenishing human-damaged regions, and generally helping to sustain some resemblance of natural health even as many ecosystems struggle to survive. Issue 1: Urbanization
The Southwest is one of the most rapidly urbanizing regions of the United States. As a result, evaluating the consequences of urbanization in this arid environment is an important topic. According to Steiner, "Three impacts are especially pronounced: the loss of native plant and animal species, the disruption of the natural wash drainage system, and the decline of visual quality." The urbanization process has marked effects on the natural and cultural environment, on housing arrangements and social networks, as well as on work and employment patterns, not only in the cities, but also in the rural areas. Globalization means flow of economic capital, labor, goods and services, as well as ideologies across national borders. Although, increased population leads to more waste garbage and byproducts. Poor waste management causes the spread of disease and pollution, food demand increases and more land needs to be cleared for food production. Lastly, a high density of people can lead to conflicts and the quick spread of health problems.
"Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum." The Arizona Experience. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. Feller, Walter. "Desert Tortoise." The Mojave Desert. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013.
Flanagan, Pat. "The Mojave Desert Land Trust - Camel Spiders." The Mojave Desert Land Trust - Camel Spiders. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013.
Steiner, Frederick. "Effects of Urbanization Symposium: Evaluating Impacts of Urbanization on the Sonoran Desert Ecosystem." Effects of Urbanization Symposium: Evaluating Impacts of Urbanization on the Sonoran Desert Ecosystem. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. Wright, Steven D. "Invasive Species in the Sonoran Desert Region." Mpsaz.org. N.p., n.d. Web.
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