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Equity Studies 2013
Transcript of Equity Studies 2013
Abilities Arts Festival and Nuit Blanche present: Cultivating the Underworld with Izzy McKenzie Lay, Quinto Zimmerman, and Sunny Bean.
Saturday, Sep. 29, 7PM-midnight, Open Gallery, 49 McCaul Street.
Students for Barrier-Free Access presents:
The Great Barrier Hunt
1PM-4PM, 1st Floor, Map Room, Hart House
Blackboard? "Disability justice to me means a political movement and many interlocking communities where disability is not defined in white terms, or male terms, or straight terms. Disability Justice is to the Disability Rights movement what the environmental justice movement is to mainstream environmental movements. Disability justice centers sick and disabled people of color, queer and trans disabled folks of color and everyone who is marginalized in mainstream disability organizing. More than that, it asserts that ableism helps make racism, christian supremacy, sexism and queer and trans phobia possible and that all those systems of oppression are locked up tight."(Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha) How has the category or label of 'disability' been used and applied to bodies throughout history? How has the category or label of
'disability' functioned to discredit,
demean, disqualify, and even to
render some bodies not worthy of life
or freedom or autonomy or choice? A brief, incomplete, and not-so-progressive history of disability in the West 16th century 17th/18th century 19th century ongoing colonialism and slavery 20th century World War II 21st Century ? beginning of formal 'colonial'
period and trans-Atlantic slave trade The Court Fool The Poor Laws The Freak Show (1840) First Asylum (1854) Witch Trails normal/abnormal Increasing influence of biomedicine "As an evolutionary concept, normalcy was intimately tied to the western notion of progress. By the mid-nineteenth century, non-white races were routinely connected to people with disabilities, both of whom were depicted as evolutionary laggards or throwbacks" Baynton, 36) Dr. Samual Cartwright describes 'draptomania' and 'Genuflexit' of the knee (1851) The publication of Darwin's 'The Origin of Species' (1859) and the popularization of evolutionary theory. The 'Ugly Laws' (1860) The popularization of eugenics Inaccessibility to public space Immigration Laws aimed at excluding disabled people from entry.
Eg: US Immigration Restriction Act signed in 1924 by President Calvin Collide
The Canadian Immigration Act in 1886 signed by John A. McDonald
Section 26 of the Canadian Immigration Act (1906)
Persons Prohibited from Landing- Deportation:
No person shall be permitted to land in Canada who is feeble-minded, an idiot, or an epileptic, or insane or has had an attack with insanity within the last 5 years, nor should any immigrant be so landed who is deaf and dumb or dumb or blind or infirmed unless he belongs to a family already accompanying him in Canada and which gives him security, satisfactory for the minister with the regulations in that behalf, if any for his permanent support in Canada. The emergence of 'special education'
(The first special education classroom in Ontario in 1910) "Fitter Families" and "Better Baby" competitions Sterilizations Laws and Practices
Eg: The Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta effective from 1926-1972 Eugenic experimentation and extermination of over 70, 000 disabled and mad people
Eg: The Tuskegee Experiment The rise of charity (1940s-1950s) The growing Disability Rights Movement (1980s-onward) Union of Physically Impaired Against Segregation (UPIAS) (1974)
Identifying disabled people as an oppressed group, UPIS states:
"We find ourselves isolated and excluded by such things as flights of stairs, inadequate public and personal transport, unsuitable housing, rigid work routines in factories and offices, and a lack of up-to-date equipment and aids" (1974, Para. 1) The social model and the naming of "ableism" Growing de-institutionalization movement
(1990-present) Eg: North American special education classrooms are crowded with- in particular- African American and Latino students from low income families (Erevelles, 2004) Medicalization and subsequent 'naturalization' of Aboriginal People as 'addicts' (Razack, 2011) Continued medical inspection at the boarder and restrictions such as the Canadian Immigration Act's "Excessive Demand" clause.
Eg: The recent case of Chris Reynolds, Rachel Barlagne, and Sung-Joo Maenge Eg: Contemporary child development toys, literature, etc. The Case of Leillani Muir New Forms of Activism Disability Culture? Next Week: The Social Construction of Disability and Impairment Readings:
•Oliver, Michael (1990). The Individual and Social Models of Disability. Reading List
•Shakespeare, T (2006). “The Social Model of Disability”. In Ed. Davis’s Disability Studies Reader. pp. 197-204. Reading List
•Linton, Simi (1998). Reassigning Meaning. In Claiming Disability: Knowledge and Identity. New York University Press. pp. 8-33. Reading List Social Model of Disability
Go over assignment #1
Tutorial presentations begin 'Sick role' “We can’t allow the liberation
of disabled people be boiled down
to logistics. We must understand
and practice an accessibility that
moves us closer to justice, not
just inclusion or diversity”
– Mia Mingus Ways forward/ What's next “We don’t simply want to join the
ranks of the privileged; we want to
dismantle those ranks and systems
that maintain them.” – Mia Mingus “We are disabled people who are
people of colour; women,
gender-queer and transgender; poor
and working class; youth; immigrates;
lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer; and
more.” – Mia Mingus “There are more disabled people in the southern hemisphere and you are more likely to be labeled as schizophrenic if you are black than if you are non-Black in Britain.” (Goodley, 2011, p. 2) “Disability has functioned historically to justify inequity for disabled people themselves, but it has also done so for women and minority groups.” (Baynton, 2001, p. 22) “How can disability provide the focus for a consideration of citizenship, rights, personhood, difference and diversity at the start of the twenty-first century?” (Goodley, 2011, p. 20) New Office Hours:
Thursdays: 1:30-3:30 “When categories of citizenship were questioned, challenged, and disruptive, disability was called on to clarify and define who deserved, and who was deservedly excluded from, citizenship.” (Baynton, 2001, p. 33) “We can’t allow the liberation of disabled people be boiled down to logistics. We must understand and practice an accessibility that moves us closer to justice, not just inclusion or diversity” – Mia Mingus “Disability, one of the most prevalent
justifications for inequality, has rarely
been the subject of historical inquiry.”
(Baynton, 2001, p. 33) The truth about stories is that that
is all we are.
- Thomas King, 2002 "I come from peoples who have a long history of being on stage-- freaks and drag queens, court gestures and scientific experiments. Sometimes we work for money and are proud. Other times we're just desperate. We've posed for anthropologists and cringed in front of doctors, jumped through hoops and answered the same questions over and over, preformed the greatest spectacles and thumbed our noses at the shadows we call normal."
(Eli Clare, 2003) "Just has bodies have been stolen,
they can also be reclaimed"
- Eli Clare, 2004 http://www.envisioningnewmeanings.ca/?page_id=28