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Hazards To Water and Development Are...
What is Water Politics?
By the Dwight School GIN Team: Zaria Howell, Zoe Vorisek, Ilan Pesselev, and Daniil Frants
The Issue Regarding Water and Sustainable Development
Only 1% of the earth's water can be used for safe drinking
use of water is
What is SUSTAINABILITY?
"Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." - The Brundtland Report
Things that are prone to cause harm.
What Are They?
From Soil To Water
Phosphate Nitrogen Fertilizers
-Used for Tobacco Farming
-E.coli can reside in cow waste
Abusive uses of water (by humans) affects Biodiversity
- Green House Gas emission
- Holes in our Ozone
- Global Warming
Water Scarcity --> Biodiversity Loss
only 3% of water on earth is drinkable
non-marine animals must rely on 1% of the accessible water on Earth
.3% of that water is accessible on the surface
Freshwater Habitats --> Biodiversity
126,000 species rely on freshwater habitats
# of freshwater habitats have reduced due to
- water shortages/drought
- humans "taking" the water
The Current State
of International Water Affairs
The most closely related treaties are the UNFCCC and United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
-Poor water quality conditions
-The spreading of waterborne diseases
This Leads To...
Tropical Storm in Swamp Manila, Philippines
International relations that are affected by the availability of water resources.
Hurricane Sandy, NY
Map of Drought Precentage Around The World
A Chinese farmer taking water from a dried-up pond to water his vegetable field during a drought in Jiangxi province
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates indicate that by 2050 the world's demand for water will grow by 55%
50% of all available water is trans-boundary
The Great Lakes as an Example
Water and Biodiversity
How water affects biodiversity, in a water scarce generation.
Areas where water scarcity is prominent, biodiversity loss may also be prominent.
70% of freshwater is used for agricultural purposes (irrigated agriculture supplies 40% of the world's food)
growing population -> in the future there may not be enough water to produce the amount of food needed to feed the world.
Water and Biodiversity:
"Animal Fountains" -->
A system (or product) which takes natural rain water or distilled water and makes it accessible to animals.
United Nations committee
that deals exclusively with the water crisis. This committee would establish international governmental and industrial regulations, and possibly even sanction governments who abuse the water supply
-First and foremost this requires
-Installing monitoring systems for assessing water quality conditions. To maintain this we need to...
-Preparing for calamity situations is crucial for saving lives
-finance emergency management and training?
-Setting up Learning Alliances to jointly generate.
Govote link #1:
Disagreements over this water is a lot more probable to occur.
This will create more necessity for water, which will in turn translate into conflict.
The Middle East is rapidly becoming a major player in water politics.
From US NCA 2013
Processing of some biofuels may require extra water.
New Demands for Water
Interview with Dr. Elena Shevliakova
Senior Climate Modeler, - Princeton Environmental Institute.
Princeton University, USA.
Interview with Mr. Dowling
Interview with Congressman Charles Barron
(of New York City)
Safe Drinking Water Act 1974
Water Scarcity -> food shortages -> biodiversity loss
TO WRAP IT UP...
"We will not know the worth of water until the well is dry."
no external resources
figure out how to filter your water sample to the maximum extent possible.
We will test the water, and the group that was the most successful will receive a special prize.
The Great Lakes make up the largest body of fresh water on earth. They contain 6 quadrillion gallons of freshwater.
Their area is shared by the US and Canada.
This requires cooperative legislation.
Furry Friends of Dwight
"The more I learn about people, the more I like my dog."
- Mark Twain
"water around the world is going to be more valuable than oil."
"you're going to see people put a prime value in water."
"there are more people interested in making money than saving the planet."
-This imposes a
-"We have added water saving, state of the art, toto toilets, whose cyclonic action charge the battery of the toilet"
-"We have installed water
filling stations in our water fountains"
-"Our faucets have motion sensors so no drop of water is wasted"
-"The adult community needs to listen to the kids... Kids are so aware of the value of the earth"
Their own freshwater supply has become endangered, and they have developed their desalination processes in response.