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Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics (CUED)

Mill Street, Geneva (NY): A Living Community Pavilion along Castle Creek at Brook Street Park

JJ Nicholson III

on 8 September 2017

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Transcript of Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics (CUED)

Urban Water as Energy
Natural Resource and Industrial Ecological Response
Active Sport as
+ Education tool



Research Facility.
Field Station.
Event space.
Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics
Presentation in Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Architecture 8 September, 2017
Bridging the

The Nature Pavilion:
a "Living Building + Classroom"

resilient materials from locally sourced and 100% sustainably produced (materials are anti "red list" per Living Building - Petals Criteria"
Planned Unit Development Amenities
"Grand Stair" entrance at intersection of Mill Street/West Ave. descending along/above Castle Creek + Brook Street Park- Pedestrian Friendly, access from east: downtown, FLCC Extension, HWS ...
Classroom research

Rainwater collection and purification to potable drinking water and/or water driven from Castle Creek source as potable water. Purification systems on premises.
at Mill Street, Geneva (NY) : A Living Community Pavilion along Castle Creek
Baseline Heating and Cooling Load Data
(with goal of overall reduction of energy use/costs)
How to be sustainable using
urban creeks and streams as tools.
(Equitable Opportunities)
Designs enhancing watersheds?...
Public spaces - educating public?
(Needs vs. Flows / Ways for Water)...
What type of as-built structure
coexist harmoniously
stimulating sociological
= Creekservatory

Micro-hydropower flume
Joseph J. Nicholson III - Master of Architecture Thesis - ARCH 791 -
Rochester Institute of Technology

Permaculture Dynamics
Image: Felix Müller [www.zukunft-sidermachen.de]
License: CC-BY-SA 4.0
Image courtesy: http://ckegroup.org/fairsnapeblog/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/WellBuilding.jpg
Image Courtesy:http://aianycoteawards.org/2015/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/BuckminsterFuller1-230x300.jpg
42° 52' 07.68" N
-76° 59' 40.17 E
(above image) courtesy University of British Columbia Emerging Green Builders : (http://amssustainability.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/EGB-1-280x210.jpg)
Old mill photo:
J. J. Nicholson. 2014 - Naples, NY

Conceptual Site Plan
Option 1A
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
Renewables (Solar) Alternate Photovoltaics option - roof surface application mock-up
Confined aquifer and source of Castle Creek
Image courtesy (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/1987/4122/plate-1_color.pdf)
image courtesy: http://images.designtrends.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/12162128/fireplace-designs-pictures.jpg
Conceptual Inspiration for: Fireside Chat Space
All Enclosed
Rooms with fire-rated GlassBloc
Ceiling Skylights with manually operative shade devices

Image courtesy of Google images
Option 1B - Transverse Section at Race
Longitudanal Section at Cistern/Aqua Gravity Tower
Image courtesy: https://pubs.usgs.gov/ha/ha730/ch_m/gif/M010.GIF
Option 1A - Conceptual Aerial Isometric View with Site Contour Overlay
Protecting drinking water and emphasizing a need to understand historical watersheds add benefits to urban ecologies. Considering all urban environments, a built center of excellence (Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics, or CUED) shall be developed to address these needs. Geneva, a City in New York State (USA) is to invest in its economic future - especially regarding water for a greater public use. To this end the CUED in Geneva shall inform the public of a creek’s valuable sub-sources and its own important municipal hydro-geological features. Focusing on the city’s Castle Creek topography, a comprehensive design is developed adjacent to the creek’s urban density. Existing watershed education programs, socio-ecological connectivity, and public recreation are impetuses informing behavior around the creek as a means for better treatment of public storm water systems within parks, and public-use spaces. This thesis makes recommendation the case of opening up urban natural water-spaces (river daylighting) and establishing a center of ecological education, from these, for greater public dialogue between academic scientists and common citizens. Architecture, programmatically focused to conduct cultural, biological, and geomorphological interpretation within a practical site, is developed within this social research. Background evidence incorporates the fields of biology, geology, and hydrology, as well as landscape ecology, sociology, industrial ecology, civil engineering, and philosophy. The development of a sustainable and socially conscious program, is to be built near Brook Street Park along Castle Creek. The final design, under the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) is developed as a low-environmental impact commissioned building, and is inclusive towards community participants and ecological stewardship. The CUED building is designed to make 100% use of its natural environment without disturbing the site or generating waste that is not able to be further recycled or upcycled within in its entire life cycle. It shall collect rainwater for the flushing of compost toilets and for on-site irrigation. It will make use of stormwater, on site, and help recharge any excess water, released into the creek, so as not to damage subsequent portions of the city's creek's ecosystems before it reaches Seneca Lake. The CUED building will be carbon neutral and contain no toxic materials within. It shall use no fossil-fuels, and will take full advantage of renewable resource utilization, available locally. It shall provide economic incentives as part of a localization program and provide K-12 opportunities towards eco-scholasticism.

Conceptual Sketch - Structural
Framing and Floor Slab System

Comply with:
New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation (OPRHP)

Site Selection with Soil and Water Conservation, Wildlife Habitat Preservation and Restoration (USGS / NRCS)
New York State Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP)
Historical Character Preservation / Planting of native species and park enhancement (SHPO) / (USDA / NRCS)
NY State Archaeological Sensitivity Map & State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA)
City of Geneva Architectural Review Board / Shade Tree Committee Guidelines / Public Art Guidelines / NYS Climate Smart Communites Guidelines
Active investigation. Presentation tools: emphasis on aquatic species, patterns, and
invasive behaviors in the watershed...

Zero Waste facility:
all food waste produced
during gatherings...
composted for fertilizer
or bio-fuel generation
Alternate Adaptive Re-use location in partially vacant building
source: https://ny.water.usgs.gov/pubs/fs/fs18099/fs180-99.pdf
Structure to be sited inland as much as possible (50 feet from creek bank),
Maximize open space in the public Creek corridor
minimize exposure to flooding and reduce runoff and non-point source water pollution.
Establish collection of native plants and trees
City of Geneva, NY (2012):
- private Enterprise Sustainability Model

"In 2014, the wind turbines at Zotos produced 2.5 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of clean electricity.

This means that our turbines generated enough electricity to power about 355 households. And we plan to keep increasing turbine production in the future."

Doug Parkinson
Vice President of

Source: https://www.zotos.com/sustainability
Option 2A (view looking west, toward Brook Street)
Conceptual Site Plan
Option 2A
Conceptual Site Plan
Option 1A
Option 1B
Creek Meander
Alternate Site and Design
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
Living Building Institute - Red List
• Alkylphenols
• Asbestos
• Bisphenol A (BPA)
• Cadmium
• Chlorinated Polyethylene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene
• Chlorobenzenes
• Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)
• Chloroprene (Neoprene)
• Chromium VI
• Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC)
• Formaldehyde (added) • Halogenated Flame Retardants (HFRs)
• Lead (added)
• Mercury
• Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
• Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs)
• Phthalates
• Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
• Polyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC)
• Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins
•Wood treatments containing Creosote, Arsenic or Pentachlorophenol
• Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in wet-applied products

(Source: https://living-future.org/lbc/materials-petal/)

Project Location
Courtesy: NRCS - Soils Map (https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/ny/soils/
photos: James Emery-Elkin (2011) Kashong Creek Outlet - Geneva, NY
Image Source (http://www.invadingspecies.com/invaders/fish/rudd/)
Nutrient Loading...from Creeks and Streams and Relation to Invasive Species of Marine Life: Rudd Fish - prevalent in Seneca Lake since 1991
April 2015 - Schematic Design - Brook Street Entrance
April 2015 - Schematic Design - View From Brook Street Parking Lot
April 2015 - Development of Water Tower Concept
Schematic Design
Sculptural Study informing building elements
Precedent Studies: Renewable Resource Development:
City of Auburn, NY (1982):

"Lattimore Geothermal Well Mayor Paul Lattimore, Sr. solicits funding in the
early 1980’s from U.S. Dept. of Energy & NYSERDA (New York State Energy Research
and Development Authority) for a hot water heat transfer demonstration project, first east of the Mississippi."

"In 1982, New York's first geothermal well was drilled south of Auburn
near the Cayuga County anomaly. Water bearing zones in the Theresa and Potsdam formations at depths of 4,740' The Auburn No. 1 encountered major geothermal at 4,950'.
Well head temp was 125° F.
It is used for space and domestic hot water heating requirements at Cayuga Community College and Auburn City Schools. This experimental well was sponsored by (NYSERDA) as part of their ongoing geothermal research program."

Precedent Study (Renewable Resource Development) :
Assertion 1: City of Geneva is 25 miles west of Auburn and may also have strong potential for deep geothermal
energy based on past drill sites such as at historic location at Geneva Mineral Springs - past Lithia and Sulfur Springs.
Records date back as early as the settlement of Geneva:

"...Clark Jennings lived in a log cabin near an old sulfur springs down along the lake, in 1788." (O'Keefe)

Source: "Historic Genesee Country: A Guide to Its Lands and Legacies". By Rose O'Keefe (2010). Charleston, SC: The History Press.

According to Ontario's Invasive Species Program's literature (website): "Adult rudd can eat large amounts of aquatic plants along shorelines, which can degrade spawning and nursery habitat for native fish such as northern pike, muskellunge and yellow perch."

Source: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry


"Owner of Damaged Building Says City should Fix Tunnel that Caused Sinkhole
By Steve Buchiere
Jun 8, 2016

GENEVA — The owner of a two-family apartment building where a tunnel collapsed last week, causing a backyard sinkhole, is awaiting a report from a structural engineer hired by his insurance company."

Source: http://www.fltimes.com/news/owner-of-damaged-building-says-city-should-fix-tunnel-that/article_841a7d10-2d82-11e6-9d8a-7fea0f6ac02f.html

Conceptual Inspiration
Development of Terraced
Weir System along Creek
< To Weirs
Castle Creek (to Lake)
Seneca Lake

Castle Street

Section - Looking East to Seneca Lake
Brook Street Park
Schematic Concept - 2015
North Elevation
East Elevation
Northeast Elevation
Southwest Elevation
Building on Structural Piles
Deep Geothermal Well
Partial Watershed View
Cistern ------
Rainwater Catchment System from Slope
Oblique Section
Transverse Section
Stewart Brand
Buckminster Fuller
Community Gardens for Permaculture Research
Full transcript