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Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics (CUED)

Mill Street, Geneva (NY): A Living Community Pavilion along Castle Creek at Brook Street Park
by

JJ Nicholson III

on 25 March 2018

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Transcript of Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics (CUED)

Natural Resource and Industrial Ecological Response
Active Sport (Stream Fishing) as
Investigation, Conservation + Education
Sustainable
Architecture

Urban
Water Quality

using Biophilic Designing

Community
Space.
Research Facility.
Field Station.
Farm-to-table
Event space.
25 March, 2018
Urban Water
as: Opportunity

The Nature Pavilion:
a "Living Building + Classroom"

resilient materials from locally sourced and 100% sustainably produced (materials are anti "red list" per Living Building - Petals Criteria"
"Outdoor Room"
(Public Use Pavilion / Event Space)
"Grand Stair" entrance at intersection of Mill Street/West Ave. descending along/above Castle Creek + Brook Street Park- Pedestrian Friendly, access from east: downtown, FLCC Extension Campus, HWS ...
at Mill Street, Geneva, NY (USA) : A Living Community Pavilion along Castle Creek
Baseline Heating and Cooling Load Data
(with goal of overall reduction of energy use/costs)
How to be sustainable using
urban creeks and streams as tools.
(Equitable Opportunities)
Designs enhancing watersheds?...
Public spaces - educating public?
(Needs vs. Flows / Ways for Water)...
What type of as-built structure
can
coexist harmoniously
-
stimulating sociological
interests?
= Creekservatory
Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics (CUED)
|
Micro-hydropower flume
Joseph J. Nicholson III - Master of Architecture Thesis -
Rochester Institute of Technology

Permaculture Dynamics
Image: Felix Müller [www.zukunft-sidermachen.de]
License: CC-BY-SA 4.0
Image courtesy: http://ckegroup.org/fairsnapeblog/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/WellBuilding.jpg
"MAKE THE WORLD WORK FOR 100% OF HUMANITY IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME THROUGH SPONTANEOUS COOPERATION WITHOUT ECOLOGICAL OFFENSE OR THE DISADVANTAGE OF ANYONE."
- Buckminster Fuller
from
World Game
source: https://www.bfi.org/about-fuller/big-ideas/world-game
Image Courtesy:http://aianycoteawards.org/2015/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/BuckminsterFuller1-230x300.jpg
(above image) courtesy University of British Columbia Emerging Green Builders : (http://amssustainability.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/EGB-1-280x210.jpg)
Old mill photo:
J. J. Nicholson. 2014 - Naples, NY

Conceptual Site Plan
Option 1A
16 nearby households (23 People) surveyed between 10/15 - 3/17
Renewables (Solar) Alternate Photovoltaics option - roof surface application mock-up
Confined aquifer and source of Castle Creek
Image courtesy (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/1987/4122/plate-1_color.pdf)
Historical:
Urban Water
as Energy

Conceptual Inspiration for: Fireside Chat Space
All Enclosed
Rooms with fire-rated GlassBloc
Ceiling Skylights with optional manually operative shade devices

Image courtesy of Google images
Urban Water as: Classroom research
Space
https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/43861.Bill_McKibben
Application:
Option 1B - Transverse Section at Race
Longitudanal Section at Cistern/Aqua Gravity Tower
_
Image courtesy: https://pubs.usgs.gov/ha/ha730/ch_m/gif/M010.GIF
Option 1A - Conceptual Aerial Isometric View with Site Contour Overlay
Abstract
:
Protecting drinking water and emphasizing a need to understand historical watersheds add benefits to urban ecologies. Considering all urban environments, a built center of excellence (Center for Urban Ecological Dialectics, or CUED) shall be developed to address these needs. Geneva, a City in New York State (USA) is to invest in its economic future - especially regarding water for a greater public use. To this end the CUED in Geneva shall inform the public of a creek’s valuable sub-sources and its own important municipal hydro-geological features. Focusing on the city’s Castle Creek topography, a comprehensive design is developed adjacent to the creek’s urban density combined with a goal towards preservation. Existing watershed education programs, socio-ecological connectivity, and public recreation are the stimuli informing ecological behavior around the creek as a means for better treatment of connected public storm water systems within its parks, and public-use spaces. This thesis makes recommendation the case of opening up urban natural water-spaces (river daylighting) and establishing a center of ecological education, interpreting daylighting, for a greater public dialogue between academic scientists and laymen. Schematic architecture, programmatic, and focused to conduct cultural, biological, and geomorphological interpretation within a practical site - is designed within this research. Background studies incorporate the fields of biology, geology, and hydrology, as well as landscape ecology, sociology, industrial ecology, civil engineering, and philosophy. The development of a sustainable and socially conscious program, is to be built near Brook Street Park along Castle Creek. The final design, under the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) is developed as a low-environmental impact commissioned building, and is inclusive towards community participants and ecological stewardship. The CUED building is designed to make 100% use of its natural environment without disturbing the site or generating waste that is not able to be further recycled or upcycled within in its entire life cycle. It shall collect rainwater for the flushing of compost toilets and for on-site irrigation. It will make use of stormwater, on site, and help recharge any excess water, released into the creek, so as not to damage subsequent portions of the city's creek's ecosystems before it reaches Seneca Lake. The CUED building will be carbon neutral and contain no toxic materials within. It shall use no fossil-fuels, and will take full advantage of renewable resource utilization, available locally. It shall provide economic incentives as part of a localization program and provide K-12 opportunities towards eco-scholasticism.

Thesis
Antithesis
Synthesis

Comply with:
New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation (OPRHP)










Site Selection with Soil and Water Conservation, Wildlife Habitat Preservation and Restoration (USGS / NRCS)
New York State Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP)
Historical Character Preservation / Planting of native species and park enhancement (SHPO) / (USDA / NRCS)
NY State Archaeological Sensitivity Map & State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA)
City of Geneva Architectural Review Board / Shade Tree Committee Guidelines / Public Art Guidelines / NYS Climate Smart Communites Guidelines
Urban Water as: Active investigation: Presentation tools: emphasis on aquatic species, patterns, and invasive behaviors in the watershed...













Zero Waste facility:
all food waste produced
during gatherings...
composted for fertilizer
or bio-fuel generation
Alternate Adaptive Re-use location in partially vacant building
Structure to be sited inland as much as possible (50 feet from creek bank),
Maximize open space in the public Creek corridor and enhance the existing park.
minimize exposure to flooding and reduce runoff and non-point source water pollution.
Establish collection of native plants and trees
City of Geneva, NY (2012):
Zotos
- private Enterprise Sustainability Model

"In 2014, the wind turbines at Zotos produced 2.5 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of clean electricity.





This means that our turbines generated enough electricity to power about 355 households. And we plan to keep increasing turbine production in the future."

-
Doug Parkinson
Vice President of
Operations

Source: https://www.zotos.com/sustainability
Conceptual Rendering - Option 2A (view looking southwest, toward Brook Street) along Castle Creek Path-walk
Conceptual Site Plan
Option 1A
Option 1B
Creek Meander
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
source: https://ny.water.usgs.gov/pubs/fs/fs18099/fs180-99.pdf
16 nearby households (23 People) sample surveyed between 10/15 - 03/17
Living Building Institute - Red List
• Alkylphenols
• Asbestos
• Bisphenol A (BPA)
• Cadmium
• Chlorinated Polyethylene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene
• Chlorobenzenes
• Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)
• Chloroprene (Neoprene)
• Chromium VI
• Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC)
• Formaldehyde (added) • Halogenated Flame Retardants (HFRs)
• Lead (added)
• Mercury
• Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
• Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs)
• Phthalates
• Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
• Polyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC)
• Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins
•Wood treatments containing Creosote, Arsenic or Pentachlorophenol
• Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in wet-applied products

(Source: https://living-future.org/lbc/materials-petal/)

Project Location
Courtesy: NRCS - Soils Map (https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/ny/soils/
photos: James Emery-Elkin (2011) Kashong Creek Outlet - Geneva, NY
Image Source (http://www.invadingspecies.com/invaders/fish/rudd/)
Nutrient Loading...from Creeks and Streams and Relation to Invasive Species of Marine Life: Rudd Fish - prevalent in Seneca Lake since 1991
Sculptural Study informing building elements
Precedent Studies: Renewable Resource Development:
City of Auburn, NY (1982):

"Lattimore Geothermal Well Mayor Paul Lattimore, Sr. solicits funding in the
early 1980’s from U.S. Dept. of Energy & NYSERDA (New York State Energy Research
and Development Authority) for a hot water heat transfer demonstration project, first east of the Mississippi."
Source:
http://www.esf.edu/outreach/pd/2008/climate/documents/AuburnEnergyEfforts408.pdf

"In 1982, New York's first geothermal well was drilled south of Auburn
near the Cayuga County anomaly. Water bearing zones in the Theresa and Potsdam formations at depths of 4,740' The Auburn No. 1 encountered major geothermal at 4,950'.
Well head temp was 125° F.
It is used for space and domestic hot water heating requirements at Cayuga Community College and Auburn City Schools. This experimental well was sponsored by (NYSERDA) as part of their ongoing geothermal research program."
Source:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/materials_minerals_pdf/dgeisv1ch5.pdf


Precedent Study (Renewable Resource Development) :
Assertion 1: City of Geneva is 25 miles west of Auburn and may also have strong potential for deep geothermal
energy based on past drill sites such as at historic location at Geneva Mineral Springs - past Lithia and Sulfur Springs.
Records date back as early as the settlement of Geneva:

"...Clark Jennings lived in a log cabin near an old sulfur springs down along the lake, in 1788." (O'Keefe)

Source: "Historic Genesee Country: A Guide to Its Lands and Legacies". By Rose O'Keefe (2010). Charleston, SC: The History Press.

According to Ontario's Invasive Species Program's literature (website): "Adult rudd can eat large amounts of aquatic plants along shorelines, which can degrade spawning and nursery habitat for native fish such as northern pike, muskellunge and yellow perch."

Source: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry

http://www.invadingspecies.com/invaders/fish/rudd/

"Owner of Damaged Building Says City should Fix Tunnel that Caused Sinkhole
By Steve Buchiere
Jun 8, 2016

GENEVA — The owner of a two-family apartment building where a tunnel collapsed last week, causing a backyard sinkhole, is awaiting a report from a structural engineer hired by his insurance company."

Source: http://www.fltimes.com/news/owner-of-damaged-building-says-city-should-fix-tunnel-that/article_841a7d10-2d82-11e6-9d8a-7fea0f6ac02f.html

Conceptual Inspiration
for
Development of Terraced
Weir System along Creek
< To Weirs
Castle Creek (to Lake)
|
Seneca Lake
|

Castle Street

Section - Looking East to Seneca Lake
Brook Street Park
Building on Structural Piles
Deep Geothermal Well
Cistern ------
|
|
|
Rainwater Catchment System from Slope
http://doorofperception.com/2014/06/stewart-brand-the-whole-earth-catalog/
Stewart Brand
Buckminster Fuller
NEIGHBORHOOD SCOPE - EXISTING CONDITIONS BROOK STREET PARK, HILDRETH HILL + CASTLE HEIGHTS
image courtesy: http://images.designtrends.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/12162128/fireplace-designs-pictures.jpg
Community Gardens for Permaculture Research
Image Source: pinterest.com
Conceptual Renderings - Views from across Castle Creek
Perspective View of Grand Stair entrance at intersection of Mill Street/West Ave. descending along/above Castle Creek to CUED. View looking west.
View Looking South
Section Along NW/SE : Extended View to Bridge Option
Section Along NW/SE : Extended View to Bridge
Image Courtesy: https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/jane-jacobs-greatest-thinker-20th-century/#!
Jane Jacobs
“We are convinced by things that show internal complexity, that show the traces of an interesting evolution. Those signs tell us that we might be rewarded if we accord it our trust. An important aspect of design is the degree to which the object involves you in its own completion. Some work invites you into itself by not offering a finished, glossy, one-reading-only surface. This is what makes old buildings interesting to me. I think that humans have a taste for things that not only show that they have been through a process of evolution, but which also show they are still a part of one. They are not dead yet.”
- Stewart Brand
from
How Buildings Learn: What Happens After They're Built
source: https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/18698.Stewart_Brand
“You can neither lie to a neighbourhood park, nor reason with it. 'Artist's conceptions' and persuasive renderings can put pictures of life into proposed neighbourhood parks or park malls, and verbal rationalizations can conjure up users who ought to appreciate them, but in real life only diverse surroundings have the practical power of inducing a natural, continuing flow of life and use.”
- Jane Jacobs
from
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
source: https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/17285.Jane_Jacobs
Seymour Mandelbaum
"The geography of the community canvas is complex and contentious. It is difficult to distinguish the boundaries of communions and their interactions - to decide whether new identities and relationships can be built on established networks or whether the ground must first be cleared and the social web reconstructed. The difficulties are only multiplied if we put on the blinders before we start dismissing or ignoring existing communities or moral sentiments, by specifying the conditions for respect in a way that excludes virtually every established community."
- from Open Moral Communities

source: https://books.google.com/books?id=lw6WyzyD9a8C&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=Quotes+from+Open+Moral+Communities&source=bl&ots=tRfgoVygk4&sig=ioAMDoJqXgCxC1Ok-QChTpj3no8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjH2JXIgtjXAhXEyoMKHT6uDi4Q6AEINDAF#v=onepage&q=Quotes%20from%20Open%20Moral%20Communities&f=false
Aldo Leopold
"One of the penalties of an ecological education is that one lives alone in a world of wounds. Much of the damage inflicted on land is quite invisible to laymen. An ecologist must either harden his shell and make believe that the consequences of science are none of his business, or he must be the doctor who sees the marks of death in a community that believes itself well and does not want to be told otherwise.”
- Aldo Leopold, Ecologist
from
Sand County Almanac
source: https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/43828.Aldo_Leopold
image courtesy: http://www.naturemuseum.org/the-museum/blog/aldo-leopold
Luna Leopold
"Water is the most critical resource issue of our lifetime and our children's lifetime. The health of our waters is the principal measure of how we live on the land."
- Luna Leopold, Hydrologist

source: http://www.texasthestateofwater.org/screening/html/water_quotes.htm
INFRASTRUCTURE vs. STREAM HYDROGRAPHY
"The units that are typically used to express discharge include m³/s (cubic meters per second), ft³/s (cubic feet per second or cfs) and/or acre-feet per day."

Source: Dunne, T., and Leopold, L.B., 1978, Water in Environmental Planning: San Francisco, Calif., W.H. Freeman, pp. 257–258. via Wikipedia

THINK PHILOSOPHICALLY
ACT ECOLOGICALLY
Image courtesy: https://www.pinterest.se/pin/329396160220149856/
Horizontal Closed Loop Well (Alternate)
/


Odessa Silt Loam

Program App Courtesy: www.websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov
Soil Survey data current as of October 8, 2017
Rainwater collection and purification to potable drinking water and/or spring water driven from Castle Creek source(s) as potable water. Purification systems on premises.
ALTERNATE SITE FOR
CUED
Proposal for
Hydro
Power

Urban Water as:
Stormwater Management
/ Mitigation
Urban Water as:
Urban Water towards: Geomorphological
Urban Water as: Watershed
Full transcript