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Why The Federalists Won and The Bill of Rights
Transcript of Why The Federalists Won and The Bill of Rights
Why The Federalists Won
Federalists united around a specific plan, the Constitution. Anti-Federalists had no plan.
Federalists had George Washington's support. In 1787 he served as head of the Constitutional Convention. His support was crucial because everyone expected him to become the first president.
By Jeffrey Galang Period 4
The Constitiution was submitted to the states for approval on September 28, 1787. The Federalists had many advantages to promote the Constitution/reasons why they won.
The Federalists said that the Articles of Confederation had serios flaws. Economic problems and Shay's Rebellion convinced many Americans that something had to be done.
Federalists were well organized in contact with each other. Anti-Federalists were not.
It took three years to approve the Constitution/new government. (1797-1790)
All 13 states ratified/approved the Constitution.
The Bill of Rights
After the Federalists won, many Anti- Federalists believed that there should be a declaration of rights. The Bill of Rights state the rights of every citizen in America. There are 10 amendments.
1. Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
2. The right to bear arms.
3. Restricts the government from housing troops in the homes of citizens.
4. Protects citizens against unreasonable searches.
5. Must be accused by jury in trial before goint to prison. Prohibits unfair actions by the government, and they can't take your property.
6. The right to a swift and fair trial.
7. The right to a jury trial in civil cases tried in federal courts.
8. No cruel and unusual punishments/excessive bail
9. People have rights beyond those stated in the Constitution.
10. All powers are not guaranteed to the Federal government.
Against the Bill Of Rights
Many Federalists saw no need for the Bill of Rights or the 10 Amendments. They believed that it was unnecessary and these rights do not need to be stated.
For the Bill of Rights
Anti-Federalists warned that if the rights of people were not spelled out in the Constitution, they would not be considered people's unalienable rights. Thomas Jefferson favored the Constitution, but insisted in include the Bill of Rights.
The pressure from Thomas Jefferson and the Anti-Federalists eventually led to the Bill of Rights. Compromising with the Anti-Federalists led the Federalists to victory.