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Child Labor in India
Transcript of Child Labor in India
-Farming and fishing industries
-Workers in quarries, mines, brick kilns, construction sites
- More and more in the drug trade
-Scavengers and street beggars Causes -Poverty
-Lack of social security
-Lack of education & exposure
-Exploitation of cheap unorganized labor New Forms of Labor It have become increasingly more popular to have child domestic workers in urban areas of India. Families place their children in the homes for care and employment, but often times end up being physically and sexually abused. Effects Why India? -India's caste system keeps some people in poverty.
-The idea of a caste system is to keep the economy stable by having your caste determine your life, job, and who you marry.
-Because of this, there is no way for the people in the lowest classes or people considered "untouchables" who aren't even acknowledged by the upper classes to work their way out of poverty.
-Because of these desperate lower classes, they are forced to use children as a work force because they have no other way to take in the money needed to survive. Child Trafficking -Child sex trafficking has become increasingly more prominent in poverty stricken regions in India. India has been declared a hub for prostitution.
-There have been prompts by the government to recruit a special force of law officials to tackle this problem.
-Poverty and lack of employment have been nailed as the main factors for this issue.
-In an article in The Times Of India, they explain that "about 200 girls and women enter prostitution daily, of which 20% are below 15 years of age". Underage Mining -A law was passed in India saying children had to go to school for the ages of 6-14
-Still after this law was passed there are some 28 million children still working in shops, factories, markets, mines and construction site.
-In Khliehriat there is a mine children work in where they have are faced with death daily. They aren't required to wear any kind of protection and work in well known unsafe living conditions.
-A lot of workers have been known to go to work and not come home just because of a common accident. Bibliography http://www.hurights.or.jp/archives/focus/section2/2001/09/child-labor-in-asia-a-review.html
http://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/health_issues.html Child Street Beggars -Children are given a set amount of money they are supposed to bring back after their day long begs in the populated streets of India.
-Children are often employed by people to collect money and are given a small portion of the income. They are also sent out by their parents to collect.
-There are many accounts of violence used against children who do not make the amount of money set for them.
-An article in The Times of India tells of a police officer that had seen a girl collecting money in the same place regularly. When he didn't see her for a long time, he wondered what had happened to her. Later on, he saw her again, this time with an arm missing. -Harming to a child's social and educational development
-More likely to have behavior problems like sleep deprivation and are less likely to get a higher education
-Factory workers are more likely to have low heat tolerance, hearing loss, ability to asses the safety of situations and have a higher chemical absorption rate
-Young workers are at a higher risk of injury because they have less skills with dangerous tools, the work is inappropriate for their age's skill sets and their training may be inadequate Organizations in the Effort to End Child Labor -The International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC)
-The International Labor Organization (ILO)
-The Civil Rights International Network (CRIN) Thank You