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The Backgrounds of Literary Feminists
Transcript of The Backgrounds of Literary Feminists
Literature has been a medium used for the progression of feminism throughout the ages, however it is the stories of those behind the words that truly represent the movement's triumphs.
"I am nobody! Who are you? Are you nobody, too?" - Emily Dickinson
"Well, women are used to worrying over trifles." - Susan Glaspell
"She is hard to guide any way but her own." - Emily Bronte
Daughter of Elmer Glaspell and Alice Keating
B. Davenport, Iowa July 1st, 1876 D. July 27th, 1948 Provincetown, Massachusetts
Graduated from Drake University in Des Moines in 1899
Married George Jig Cook(1913-1924) and Norman Matson (1925-1932)
9 novels, 14 plays, over 50 short stories, one biography
Raised to value hard work on a rural farm
Greatly influenced by Black Hawk, the Sauk American Indian chief
Excelled in male dominated fields
"a strikingly handsome young lady with a nobility of character and charm of manner that command more than passing attention."
The Turning Point
Became a reporter for the Des Moines Daily where she covered murder cases and state legislature
Left in 1901 to return home and write stories
Realized she was an outlier in her achievement and strength
Began to push for feminist and radical viewpoints
Moved east to find other free-thinking liberals and radicals
Pulitzer prize-winning playwright(Allison’s House 1931)
Co-founded the first American theater company, the Provincetown Players(1916)
“more plays by women writers than any other theater of the time.”
Trifles was a "feminist masterpiece”
Born on July 30, 1818, in Thornton, Yorkshire
Son of Reverend Patrick Bronte
Mother died of cancer 3 years after her birth
Went to Clergy Daughters’ School at 6
Home schooled by her father who also published books
Went to Miss Wooler’s school for girl in Row Head at 17
Emily taught at Miss Wooler's school for girls
Quit and became housewife and helped around in the house and sometimes teach Sunday School
Published her only novel under pseudonym Ellis Bell
In 1848 died of tuberculosis at the age of 30
"We live close together and we live far apart. We all go through the same things—it's all just a different kind of the same thing."
"Those towels get dirty awful quick. Men's hands aren't always as clean as they might be."
"My, it's a good thing the men couldn't hear us. Wouldn't they just laugh!"
Born December 10, 1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts
Attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley for one year
Lived at large home estate named the Homestead with her parents, older brother, and younger sister
Her mother passed away in 1882 at home in Amherst
Her brother William and sister Lavinia lived a similar life as Emily, isolated but were intellectual companions to Emily
William married Susan Gilbert and lived next door to Emily, Lavinia, and their father
Emily and Lavinia never married and both lived isolated lives at home till their deaths, May 15, 1886
“Emily Brontë.” Biography.com, A&E Networks
Television, 23 Oct. 2015, www.biography.com/people/emily-bronte-9227381.
“Emily Dickinson.” Poetry Foundation, Poetry Foundation,
Ozieblo, Barbara. "About Susan Glaspell."
InternationaSusan Glaspell Society. N.p., 2010. Web. 29 May 2018.
Simkin, John. "Susan Glaspell." Spartacus Educational.
Spartacus Educational, n.d. Web. 30 May 2018.
"Susan Glaspell." American Literature. N.p., n.d. Web.
29 May 2018.
Catherine marrying Linton in order to get higher in social rank
only method for women
Nelly's compliance to dominance of men
Allows Joseph to boss her around eventhough they are both servants
Isabella leaves her abusive relationship
lives independently and also care for Linton
Never knew the extent of success the novel has brought
Challenged the norms during Victorian period by touching on issues like religion, morality, social classes, and gender inequality
Many did not believe Wuthering Heights was written by a women because of the graphics but her background allows her for that uniqueness in her writting
Who influenced her Writing:
Leonard Humphrey- new principle of Amherst Academy when Emily was in her first year
He sparked the love of books and reading for Dickinson
His death amongst many others furthered her depression
Benjamin F. Newton- young attorney employed by Emily's father
Introduced her to William Wordsworth, gave her Ralph Waldo Emerson book
Liberated her interest
Reverend Charles Wadsworth- Philadelphia Clergyman, was father and husband
In 1858 Emily wrote 52 poems and often wrote to Charles
Drafts reveal her calling him "master"
"How dreary - to be - Somebody!"
Dickinson thrives in isolation and chooses to address her ordinariness rather than uniqueness to everyone else. Her work was never published when she was alive but later on found by Lavinia after Emily's death.
Was one of the first female poets
Inspired many other women ahead of their time
Poetry still analyzed today
Has majorly impacted American literature by using many metaphors
Crafted a new type of persona of the first person